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41 Cards in this Set

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____ consists of stakeholders, users, managers, systems development specialists, and various support personnel.
systems development team
Who is responsible for determining the objectives of the information system and delivering to the organization a system that meets its objectives
development team
Other support personnel on the development team include __________________, either IS department employees or outside consultants. It depends on the size of the development project
technical specialists
What refers to the translation of strategic and organizational goals into systems development initiatives.
Information planning
Benefits of IS planning include a long-range view of information technology use and better use of information systems resources.
information systems resources.
Planning requires developing overall IS objectives; name some
identify IS projects; set priorities and select projects; analyze resource requirements, set schedules, milestones and deadlines; develop IS planning document
What are the 5 phases of the tradiditonal SDLC
investigation, anaysis, design, implementation, and maintenance and review
Use of RAD does these things
reduces paper-based documentation, automates program source code generation, and facilitates userparticipation in development activities.
This aproach also called extreme programming, allows systems to change as they are being developed
agile
Effective use of the automated tools
enables project mannager to deliver a higih-quality stystem and to make intelligent trade-offs among cost, schedule and quality.
Instead of requiring thousands or millions of lines of detailed computer instructions or code, the ________might require a few dozen or maybe a hundred objects
systems development project
The ___ ___ ___ can measure an organization's experience with systems development using five levels from initial to optimized
CMM capability maturity model
The ___ ___ ____ is designed to assess the feasibility of implementing solutions for business problems.
systems investigation phase
An ______ follows up on the request and performs a feasibility analysis that addresses technical, economic, legal, operational, and schedule feasibility.
investigation team
Systems analysis is the examination of ___ ____, which begins once approval for further study is received from management.
existing systems
Who is assembled to collect and analyze data on the existing system
analysis team
____ ____ ____ include organizational objects and associations using text and graphical diagrams
data collection methods
____ _____ is used to model organizational objects and associations using text and graphical diagrams. It is most often accomplished through the use of _____ diagrams
Data modeling; ER or entity-relationship
____ ____ is often accomplished through the use of data-flow diagrams
Activity modeling
Who is assembled to collect and analyze data on the existing system
analysis team
____ ____ ____ include organizational objects and associations using text and graphical diagrams
data collection methods
____ _____ is used to model organizational objects and associations using text and graphical diagrams. It is most often accomplished through the use of _____ diagrams
Data modeling; ER or entity-relationship
____ ____ is often accomplished through the use of data-flow diagrams
Activity modeling
The purpose of the _____ ____ is to prepare the detailed design needs for a new system or modifications to an existing system.
systems design
What ar e the three alternatives that organizations for acquiring computer systems
purchase, lease, or rent
What from vendors are reviewed and narrowed down to thte few most liekly candidates.
RFPs
Towards the end of the design stage, the organization _______ further changes in the design of the system at which point the design specs are said to be_________
prohibits; frozen
The purpose of the ____ ____ is to install a system and make everything, including users, ready for its operation
systems implementation
____ _____ includes hardware acquisition, software acquisition or development, user preparation, hiring and training of IS personnel, site and data preparation, installation, testing start-up and user acceptance
Systems implementation
_________ _________ requires purchasing, leasing, or renting computer resources from a vendor
hardware acquisition
______ must also address database and telecommunications systems, user preparation, and IS personnel requirements
Implementation
______involves readying managers, employees, and other users for the new system
User preparation
The ____ ____of the system must be prepared, and any existing data to be used in the new system must be converted to the new format.
physical site
_____ includes program (unit) testing, systems testing, volume testing, integration testing, and acceptance testing
Testing
When everyone is confident that the new system is performing as expected, the phased out.
old system is completely
The output of the new system is compared closely with the output of the old system, and any
differences are reconciled
The final step of implementation is
user acceptance
____ _____ involves checking, changing, and enhancing the system to make it more useful in obtaining user and organizational goals
Systems maintenance
_____ is critical for the continued smooth operation of the system.
Maintenance
Some major reasons for maintenance are
changes in business processes; new requests from stakeholders, users, and managers; bugs or errors in the program; technical and hardware problems; corporate mergers and acquisitions; government regulations; change in the operating system or hardware; and unexpected events, such as terrorist attacks
____ ____is the process of analyzing systems to make sure that they are operating as intended and it involves monitoring systems to be sure they are operating as designed
Systems review