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34 Cards in this Set

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health professionals divide the abdomen (through the navel) into four areas to help locate specific regions
abdominal quadrants
anatomists have divided the abdomen into nine regions to identifu the location of organs.
abdominiopelvic regions
the reference posion for the body, which gives meaning to directional tems.
anatomical position
the study of the structure of an organism and the relationships of its parts.
anatomy
wasting away of tissue; decrease in size of a part; sometimes refered to as the disuse _____.
atrophy
the cavity containing the abdominal organs.
abdominal cavity
space inside the skull that contains the brain.
cranial cavity
the lower protion of the ventral cavity; the distal portion of the abdominopelvic cavity.
pelvic cavity
a subdivision of the thorax
pleural cavity
the space inside the spinal column through which the spinal cord passes
spinal cavity
higher,opposite of interior
superior
lower; opposite of superior
inferior
front or ventral; opposite of posterior or dorsal
anterior
behind; opposite of anterior
prosterior
of or near the belly;in humans, front or anterior; opposite of dorsal or posterior
ventral
referring to the back; opposite of ventral; in humans, the posterior is dorsal
dorsal
of or toward the middle; opposite of lateral
medial
of or toward the side; opposite of medial
lateral
next or nearest; located nearest the center of the body or the point of attachment of a structure
proximal
toward the end of a structure; opposite of proximal
distal
near the body surface
superficial
farther away from the body's surface
deep
performing an experiment, which is usually a test of a tentative explanation of nature called a hypothesis
experimentation
a highly complex and integrated communication control network, classified as negative or positive; negative feedback loops are the most important and most numerous homeostatic control mechanisms.
feedback control loop
relative uniformity of the normal body's internal environment
homeostasis
a proposed explanation of an observed phenomenon
hyposthsis
a subdivision in the midportion of the thoracic cavity
mediastinum
the study of body function
physiology
longitudinal; like an arrow
saggital
a cut or plane that divides the body or any of its parts into two equal halves
midsaggital
lengthplane running from side to side, dividing the body into anterior and posterior portions
frontal
used to describe the body lying in a horizontal position facing downward
prone
used to describe the body lying in a horizontal position facing upward
supine
an explanation of a scientific priciple that has been tested experimentally and found to be true
theory