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87 Cards in this Set

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Poetry
a patterned form of verbal or written expression of ideas in concentrated, imaginative, and rhythmical terms. Contains Rhyme and a specific meter, but not necessarily.
Verse
an arrangement of words in a regular metrical pattern
Meter
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables established in a line of poetry. In identifying the meter of a line or verse, the type and the number of feet are considered.
Monometer
one foot line
Dimeter
two foot line
Trimeter
three foot line
tetrameter
four foot line
Pentameter
five foot line
Hexameter
six foot line
Heptamether
seven foot line
Octometer
eight foot line
Foot
a unit of meter. can have 2 or 3 syllables. Generally cosists of one stressed and one or more unstressed syllables. Poetic lines are classified according to this.
Iambic Foot
one unstressed and one stressed syllable
Trochaic Foot
One stressed and one unstressed syllable
Anapestic
two unstressed followed bye one stressed syllable
Dactylic foot
one stressed followed by 2 unstressed syllables
Spondaic foot
two unstressed syllables
Rhymed Verse
consists of verse with end rhyme and usually with a regular meter.
Blank Verse
Consists of lines of iambic pentameter without end rhyme
Free Verse
consists of lines that do not have regular meter and do not contain rhyme
rhyme
similarity or likenss of sound existing at the end of the two words.
End Rhyme
Rhyme at end of line
Internal Rhyme
Rhyme inside of line
Masculine Rhyme
occurs when one syllable word rhymes with another (head, bed)
Feminine Rhyme
when last two syllables of a word rhyme with last two of another (lawful, awful)
Triple Rhyme
three syllalbes of words rhyme (victorious, glorious)
Rhyme Scheme
the pattern or sequence in which the rhyme occurs
Alliteration
is the repitition of the initial letter or sound in two or more words in a line or verse
Onomatopoeia
the use of a word to represent or imitate natural sounds. (buzz, crunch)
Assonance
the similarity or repetition of a vowel sound in two or more words. Sometimes called partial or near rhymes.(lake, fate)
Consonance
the repetition of consonant sounds within a line or verse. Similiar to alliteration except it does not have to be the initial letter
Refrain
the repetition of one or more phrases or lines at intervals in a poem, usually at the end of a stanza. takes form as chorus
Repetition
the repeating of a word or phrase within a poem
Euphony
poetic language characterized by a smooth, pleasant arrangement of sound
Cacophony
harsh, discordant language with unpleasant sound
Figure of Speech
an expression in which words are used in a non literal sense to present a figure, picture or image
Simile
Comparison between 2 usually unrelated things indicating a likeness between some attribute found in both things (uses like or as)
Metaphor
an implied comparison between two unlike things (no like or as)
Personification
giving of human characteristics to inanimate objects, ideas, or animals
Synecdoche
the technique of mentioning a part of something to represent the whole
Metonymy
the substitution of something closely associated with an object for the object itself
Hyperbole
an exaggeration for the sake of emphasis and is not meant to be taken literally
Antithesis
the balancing, or contrasting one term against another.
Apostrophe
the addressing directly of someone or something usually not present or alive as though it were present or alive
Symbol
a word or image that signifies something other than what is literally represented
Understatement
the deliberate representation of something as less than it is for the purpose of ironic contrast
Allegory
a poem that has a second meaning beneath the surface one
Paradox
statement or situation which contains an apparently contradictory element, but on further examination yields some truth
Oxymoron
a two word paradox
Irony
a situation or use of language involving some kind of incongruity or discrepancy (verbal, dramatic, situational)
Satire
deliberately pokes fun at something with the intention of bringing about change.
Denotation
the literal or dictionary meaning of a word
Connotation
what a word suggests beyond its literal meaning
Imagery
the representation through language of sense experience
Allusion
a reference to another work of literature or a previous event in history
Tone
the writer's or speaker's attitude toward his subject, audience or himself.
Structure
Internal organization of a poem's content
Form
the external patter or shape of a poem
stanzaic
written in stanza
continuous form
no stanza breaks
Fixed form
established pattern such as a ballad, sonnet, or terza rima
Grammatical Pause/ Caesura
a pause introduced into the reading of a line by a mark of punctuation
Theme
the central meaning or idea of the poem
Stanza
the division oof a poem based on thought or form. Based on form and are marked bye their rhyme scheme
couplet
two lines of verse that rhyme
triplet/ tercet
three line stanza, or three lines of verse within a larger unit that generally rhyme
quatrain
four line stanza with the rhyme scheme often being a,b,a,b
quintet
five line stanza
seset
six line stanza/ last part of an italian sonnet
septet
seven line stanza
octave/ octet
eight line stanza/ first part of an italian sonnet
Heroic Couplet
consists of 2 succesive rhyming lines that contain a complete thought within the two lines of poetry.
Rime Royal
seven line stanza of iambic pentameter (a,b,a,b,b,c,c)
Narrative Poetry
poetry that tells a story
Epic
long story telilng poem, usually written in grave and stately language.
Meieval Romance
long narrative poem, usually dealing with chivalric adventure, courtship and love
Ballad
a short narrative poem with swift action. Often meant to be sung, story line is simple and direct. Written in quatrains.
Lyric Poetry
short poem which stirs the emotion and the imagination, musical in nature
Ode
a poem in praise of someone or something
Elegy
a lament or in memory of someone or something
Epitaph
a short elegy inscribed on a tombstone or monument
Epigram
Short witty poem expressing a single thought or observation
Pastoral
poem extolling virues of country life
Sonnet
14 line poem written in iambic pentameter. italian has an octave and a seset. Elizabethan has 3 quatrains and a couplet. First part of poem often presents a problem or question which is resolved in the sesttet or the couplet
dramatic poetry
tells a story through speeches of characters
satirical poetry
poetry that attacks throught ridicule
Parody
humorous imitation of another work