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43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Immature Walking
high guard arm position, wide base of support, flat-footed contact, and toe out
Intermediate Walking
improved balance, base narrows, arms are lowered and work in opposition of legs, toes point in more forward.
Mature Walking
Heel strike is exhibited.
Running-Stage 1
The arms are extended sideward at shoulder height (high guard). The stride is short and of shoulder width. The surface contact is made with the entire foot, striking simulataneously. Little knee flexion is seen. The feet remain near the surface.
Running-Stage 2
Arms are carred at middle guard poition (waist high). The stride is longer and approaches the midsagittal line. The surface contact is usually made with the entire foot, striking simultaneously. Greater knee flexion is noted in the restraining phase. The swing leg is flexed, and the movement of the legs becomes anterior-posterior.
Running-Stage 3
The arms are no longer used primarily for balance but rather are carried below waist level and may flex and assume a counterrotary action. The foot contact is heel-toe. Stride length increases. The swing leg flexion may be as great as 90 degrees.
Running-Stage 4
Foot contact is heel-toe. Arm action is direct opposite of leg action.Nearly in contact with buttocks at recovery phase.
Long jump-Stage 1
vertical component is greater than horizontal. Arms move backwards acting as brakes.
Long Jump-stage 2
the arms move anterior-posterior in prep phase but move sideward (winging) during the flight phase. Center of gravity is above the base of support during landing.
Long jump-stage 3
The arm swing is backward and then forward during prep phase. Arms extend and move forward but do not exceed heigth of head during takeoff. Thigh is still less than parallel to the ground during landing.
Long jump-stage 4
Arm length extends above head during takeoff. During landing, thighs are now parallel to the ground. Arms are thrust forward to maintain balance.
Hopping-Stage 1
non support thigh parallel to the ground (foot in front of body).Arms are bent and held at shoulder height.
Hopping-stage 2
nonsupport knee fully flexed (nearly parallel). slight forward lean.arms move up and down in bilateral motion.
Hopping-stage 3
nonsupport knee 90 degrees to floor. greater body lean.arms move in a forceful upward bilateral motion.
hopping- stage 4
knee of nonsupport leg is more near ankle and swing back and forth. arms are close to body.
Gallop- stage 1
rhytmically uneven run.
gallop- stage 2
choppy, slow tempo.stiff and exaggerated.
Gallop- stage 3
smooth, rhythmical, and moderate tempo.
skipping-stage 1
step-hop pattern or double hop. little arm movement.
Skipping- stage 2
increase use of arms-forward and upward. more vertical
skipping-stage 3
reduced arm transfer. foot of unsupported leg brought more near the surface.
Throwing-step 1
posterior-anterior motion. Feet are stationary. no trunk rotation.
Throwing-stage 2
rotation of whole body as one. may step with ipsilateral pattern. extended arm.
Throwing- stage 3
ipsilateral arm motion. throw and step with same arm. no rotation of hips or spine. flexion of hips at follow through.
throwing- stage 4
leg/arm opposition. wide base at the phase of the throw.
throwing- stage 5
throwing hand moves in backward arc. opposite leg moves forward. extending leg is stright
Catching- stage 1
arms directly in front. elbows extended.
Catching- stage 2
elbows extended in front. arms begin to encircle trying to catch.
Catching stage 3
scooping motion
Catching- stage 4
flexing of arms before. may keep elbows at sides and bring forward to meet ball.
Catching- stage 5
child changes stationary base.
Striking- stage 1
posterior-anterior direction. feet are stationary.
Striking-stage 2
feet are stationary. shift in weight as ball comes. bat moves in transverse plane.
Striking-stage 3
shift of weight to front supporting foot occurs in an ipsilateral pattern. bat moves in oblique-vertical plane.
Striking-Stage 4
transfer of weight is contralateral. at contact weight is on the forward foot.
Kicking- stage 1
person is stationary and near ball. Pushing rather than striking action. upper extremity is bilateral.
Kicking-stage 2
intial action involves hyperextension at the hips and flexion at the knee. arm-leg opposition during kick. knee extension continues after the ball leaves the foot. performer usually steps sideward or backward after.
Kicking-stage 3
Takes one or more steps before action.Less flexion of kicking leg. trunk remains upright. force may carry performer past the point of contact or near.
Kicking-stage 4
one or more step with final step airborne. trunk is inclined backward. finally, performer either hops on support leg while airborne in order to land on kicking foot.
Punting- stage 1
Stationary. flexion at the hip and knee of the punting leg.
Punting- stage 2
Stationary. may be dropped or tossed upward. thigh is perpendicular to surface or behind midfrontal plane. performer steps back after punting.
Punting- stage 3
moves deliberatly forward. ball released in a forward and downward direction. Thigh is far behind midfrontal plane. follow through may carry the punter ahead of the point where the ball was contacted.
Punting- stage 4
approach is rapid, culminating in a leap just prior to contacting the ball.large step after carries punter off the surface in upward/forward direction