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55 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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release--legal form used to excuse one party from liability

liability--responsibility

advance directive-living will, consent before the need arises
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health care proxy-person chosen by the patient to follow the patient's advance directives

dnr-being allowed to die if they stop breathing, no cpr started
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it is very important for nusing personnel to know who is to be resuscitated and who is not.

negligence-is defined as failing to do something a reasonable person would do
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prudent-sensible and careful

malpractice--is negligence by a professional person

litigation-lawsuit
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assault-threat to harm another

battery-actual physical contact

it is the nurse's responsibility to explain the reason why a drug/treatment is important, if patient refuses, the nurse should obtain a release
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self-determination-the right to consent to or refuse treatments

defamation-is when one person makes remarks about another person which are untrue,and damage persons reputation
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slander defamation-oral

libel defamation-written

invasion of privacy-occurs when there has been a violation of the confidential and privileged nature of a professional relationship
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a drs order is necessary for any protective device, mechanical or chemical

ethics or ethical principles-rules of conduct that have been agreed to by a group
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dilemma-problem or conflict

assisted suicide-which is aiding a person-providing the means to end the life
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euthanasia-mercy killing

whistle-blowing--reporting illegal or unethical actions
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PRACTICE OF NURSING IS REGULATED BY?

state boards of nursing

LEGAL PRECEDENT IS SET WHEN?

a court reverses a decision that has been appealed
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w.b. cannon--homeostasis

self-actualization-reaching ones potent.

stressor--adverse stimulus

autonomic-not subject to voluntary control
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hans selye--general adaptation syndrome
gas:
1. stages of the alarm stage
2. stages of resistance
3. stage of exhaustion
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health--wholeness

cultural, educational, social factors affect how people view health/illness

health--state of well-being
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2. ONE HAS TAKEN ON THE SICK ROLE WHEN:

going ahead and taking an aspirin

3. CURRENT VIEWS OF HEALTH:

expressing the full range of one's potentialities
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4. THE ABILITY OF A PERSON TO FUNCTION AT OPTIMUM LEVEL IS PRIMARILY DEPENDENT UPON?

inner resources of the person

5. WHEN A PATIENT DOES NOT UNDERTAKE HEALTH BEHAVIORS THAT HAS BEEN ADVISED?

there is a conflict in values between patient and nurse
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6. HOLISTIC NURSING APPROACH:

calls the social worker because the patient is worried about caring for her children at home
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9. THE EFFECTS OF STRESS ON A PERSON PARTIALLY DEPEND ON?

the perception of the stressor

10. HOMEOSTASIS WILL BE REGAINED UNLESS?

adaptive mechanisms are overwhelmed
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privilege--permission to do what is usually not permitted in other circumstances

ethical codes--actions or beliefs approved of by a particular group of people
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ethical principals--rules of right and wrong from a moral view

laws--rules of conduct that are established by our gov
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judicial law--results when a law or court decision in challenged in the courts and the judge affirms or reverses the decision

administrative law--comes from agencies created by legislature
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statutes--laws may be either civil or criminal

tort--violation of civil law

crime-a wrong against the public
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reciprocity--recognition of one state's nursing license by another state

student nurses-held to the same standards as the licensed nurse
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accountability--taking responsibility for one's actions

delegation--is the assignment of duties to another person
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discrimination--making a decision or treating a person based on color,creed,race,...

sexual harassment--unwelcome sexual advances
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confidential--kept private

the chart is the property of the hospital or agency or dr, not the patient

consent-permission given by patient/or legal representatives
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types of consents
1. admission agreement
2. operative consent
3. consent to receive blood
4. research consents
5. other consents
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if a patient has any questions, they must be answered before the patient signs the consent. Failure to obtain a valid informed consent may lead to charges of assault and battery, or invasion of privacy
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an emancipated minor, or one who has established independence by a court order, through service in the armed forces, marriage, or pregnancy, is considered legally capable of signing a consent.
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self-actualized--reaching one's potential

halbert dunn-high level wellness

coping--adjusting to or accepting challenges
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asymptomatic--w/o symptoms

health behavior--any action taken in order to promote health, prevent disease, or detect disease w/o symptoms stage
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illness behavior--any activity a person takes in order to determine his/her actual state of health and to seek a remedy for a health problem
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maslow's
self-actualization
self-esteem
love and belonging
safety and security
physiologic
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baccalureate nursing program--prepares a nurse for a management role

example of collaborator--speaking with the dietitian about the patients diet needs
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health--absence of disease

disease--pathologic process that causes illness

health--optimum functioning on every level
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illness--disease of body or mind

1946--world health organization redefined health as: the state of complete physical, mental, and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
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chronic--persisting for a long time

illness--subjective-it is a personal thing-only the person can tell you if he or she feels ill
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disease--is a pathologic process with a definite set of signs and symptoms, disease causes illness

transition illness stage--onset
acceptance illness stage--sick role
convalescence illness stage--recovery
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wellness--physical/mental well-being

convalescence--process of recovering after the illness and regaining health

adaptation--adjustment in structure or habits
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maladaptation--lack of adjustment

chronic illness--tends to develop slowly over a long period and lasts throughout life

terminal illness-no cure available
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primary illness--one that develops w/o being caused by another health problem

secondary illness--results from or is caused by a primary illness

inherited--genetic
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congenital--present at birth

idiopathic--unknown etiology

etiology--is the cause of disease
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vigilant assessment--with documentation is more important than ever in order to catch beginning complications before they become serious

documentation--w/evidence showing it is needed
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Nightingale trained to become a nurse in the mid 1800s and started the first school of nursing in England/ beliefs hold true today

Standards of nursing protect the nurse,patient, healthcare agency
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WHY WAS HEALTH CARE ASSOCIATED WITH PRIESTS AND RELIGION IN EARLY CIVILIZATIONS?

illness was seen as sin against the gods
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2. ORGANIZED NURSING EDUCATION BEGAN IN THE?

mid 1800's

3. IN SETTING UP HER NURSES' TRAINING, NIGHTINGALE CARRIED OUT HER BELIEF THAT?

nursing should be taught by nurses
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apprenticeship--learning by doing

In an era when women were expected to remain at home and be subservient to men, nurses' training became a way to obtain further education and employment that could provide independence for women
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the practical nurse takes on the role of caregiver, educator, collaborator, delegator

interventions--caregiving skills aimed at restoring/maintaining a persons health
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invasive procedure's--entry in the body

the nurse's goal is to encourage growth toward wellness so that the patient can once again be self-reliant
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aseptically--w/o introducing infectious material

nursing theory--is a statement about relationships among concepts or facts based on existing info.
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practice acts--define activities in which nurses may engage, state the legal requirements and titles for nursing licensure, and establish education needed for licensure
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practice acts--are designed to protect the public, and they define the legal scope of practice

nursing process-emerged during the 70/80's as an organized, deliberate, systematic way to deliver nursing care
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implement--to put into action

diagnostic related groups (drgs)--were created by medicare in 83 as an attempt to contain health care costs
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DRG--means that a hospital receives a set amount of money for a patient who is hospitalized with a certain diagnosis

hmo--type of group practice,enroll patients for a set fee per month,provide a limited network of drs,hospitals,other health providers from which to choose
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hmo goal--is to keep patients healthy and out of the hospital

ppo--offer a discount on fees in return for a large pool of potential patients
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