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42 Cards in this Set

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A concept from systems theory which describes a system's organizational patterns which leads to knowledge about the system
Negentropy
A clinical method, developed by Ross Speck and Carolyn Attneave, in which resources threoughout and external to thge family system are recruited and involved in the family therapy process to assist the family in working on the problem. These resources include extended family members, neighbors, other health providers, work colleagues, children's playmates, teachers etc.
Network Therapy
An early pychodynamic theory which described the internalized images of one's self and others that are based on early parent child interactions. These images may become the model for subsequent interpersonal relations in one's family of origin, mate selection, family of procreation, and other intimate relationships.
Object Relations
A term from general systems theory that refers to systems which are continuously open to the exchange of information from it's environment.
Open Systems
A concept that defines the relative birth order position of each family member within one's sibling subsystem.
Ordinal Position
The relationship among the components of a system which are necessary and sufficient for defining the nature and identity of the system.
Organization
These concepts from family of orgin therapy describe reciprocal roles within a family system, for example underfunctioning member may be dependent on a partner for caretaking or assum reponsibility for activities one is unable to do. An overfunctioning member may feel responsible for the emotional well being of the partner and even act to compensate for real or imagined deficits in the functioning partner.
Overfunctioning/Underfunctioning Positions
A clinical intervention where the family therapist offers a message to the family which is both internally inconsistent and contradictory. e.g. a double mind message.
Paradox
A family system dynamic where a child is assigned a caretaking role for one of the parents, and often for the siblings, too. This designated child assums excessive responsibility in pseudo-adult role by emotionally and/or physically caring for either a weak parent or a vulnerable parental marriage.
Parentification
A clinical intervention in which the family therapist acts upon the system to produce a structural change or accomodation.
Perturbation
A clinical intervention to reframe family behaviors so that they maintain a balance or cohesion within the system. The intervention is focused on attributing positive intentions to problematic sequences or roles, and reflects elements of the homeostatic pattern in the family.
Positive Connotation
A theoretical movement that emerged in the family therapy field in the 1970's and 1980's. The modernist approach has been critized for ignoring issues such as gender, ethnicity, and the impact of larger systems, such as political and economic forces on the family.
Postmodern Thinking
A complement to aesthetics, pragmatics refers to a reductionistic stance in which the focus in family therapy is on resolving the presenting problem while generally ignoring the larger gestalt in which the presenting problem exists.
Pragmatics
A clinical intervention that takes the form of paradox and double bind, the therapist instructs a family member to en\act a symptomatic behavior which creates the expectation that an involuntary behavior will become voluntary.
Prescribing The Symptom
A concept from psychodynamic theory which defines a defensive mechanism in individuals. In family therapy it represents an interactional pattern in family systems in which aspects or parts of a member's personality that one feels are unacceptable are projected onto another member of the family.
Projective Identification
A family dynamic used as a defense for the system where hostility and conflict camouflage underlying dysfunctional elements.
Pseudo-Hostility
An early clinical concept that described a family's presentation to the family therapist as an outward picture of intimacy and harmony which served to camouflage underlying conflicts and dysfunctions. Therapist's recognize this as a form of resistence to one's attepts to join with the family system.
Pseudo-Mutuality
A concept that defines a family member's ability to influence or control circumstances and events. Such as a role in a family is determined largely by the distribution of resources held by members of the system.
Power
A concept from family systems theory which describes the repetitions, redundancies, and predictabilities of a family system that appear clinically in a sequence of actions and interactions among family members.
Process
The family systems dynamic by which members perceive and mark distinctions in their interactions with one another.
Puncuation
A family dynamic used as a defense for the system where hostility and conflict camouflage underlying dysfunctional elements.
Pseudo-Hostility
An early clinical concept that described a family's presentation to the family therapist as an outward picture of intimacy and harmony which served to camouflage underlying conflicts and dysfunctions. Therapist's recognize this as a form of resistence to one's attepts to join with the family system.
Pseudo-Mutuality
A concept that defines a family member's ability to influence or control circumstances and events. Such as a role in a family is determined largely by the distribution of resources held by members of the system.
Power
A concept from family systems theory which describes the repetitions, redundancies, and predictabilities of a family system that appear clinically in a sequence of actions and interactions among family members.
Process
The family systems dynamic by which members perceive and mark distinctions in their interactions with one another.
Puncuation
A clinical intervention to reframe family behaviors so that they maintain a balance or cohesion within the system. The intervention is focused on attributing positive intentions to problematic sequences or roles, and reflects elements of the homeostatic pattern in the family.
Positive Connotation
A theoretical movement that emerged in the family therapy field in the 1970's and 1980's. The modernist approach has been critized for ignoring issues such as gender, ethnicity, and the impact of larger systems, such as political and economic forces on the family.
Postmodern Thinking
A complement to aesthetics, pragmatics refers to a reductionistic stance in which the focus in family therapy is on resolving the presenting problem while generally ignoring the larger gestalt in which the presenting problem exists.
Pragmatics
A clinical intervention that takes the form of paradox and double bind, the therapist instructs a family member to en\act a symptomatic behavior which creates the expectation that an involuntary behavior will become voluntary.
Prescribing The Symptom
A concept from psychodynamic theory which defines a defensive mechanism in individuals. In family therapy it represents an interactional pattern in family systems in which aspects or parts of a member's personality that one feels are unacceptable are projected onto another member of the family.
Projective Identification
A contract between two individuals in which each gives to the other a certain favor or recognition and receives in turn a similar favor of relatively equal value.
Quid Pro Quo
Aconcept from family systems theory that describes interactions between family members where the behavior of one person dovetails or fits together with that of another in a complemtary fashion.
Reciprocity
a concept from systems theory which describes the organizational closure that is attained by a system when circularity is achieved. A behavior of one sibling triggers the behavior of another sibling.
Reciprical structural coupling
A clinical intervention in family therapy that is employed both as a training method and a consultation method. Reflecting teams are supervisors and or colleagues who observe the live family therapy process.
Reflecting Team
a clinical intervention which challenges a family's perception of a symptom or conflict both by relabeling it and altering the context in which it is perceived.
Reframing
a clinical intervention where symptoms are restated or redefined in interpersonal terms instead of with the focus on the symptom on an individual member.
Relabeling
A clinical intervention from strucural family therapy which describes interventions that are directed toward challenging and altering the family's system structure.
Restructuring
A concept from family theory that describes images and or positions with characteristic behaviors that are assigned to specific members to perform certain functions within a family system.
Roles
a concept used as a metaphor to describe an unstable but continuous family boundary which may stretch to include supportive and postive influences and then may contract to exclude that which is perceived by the family as threatening.
Rubber Fence
a concept from systems theory describing a system which responds to positive feedback in such a way that dysfunctions and errors are reinforced and escalated, causing the system to be moved further off track
Runaway
a family system dynamic that describes the process by which a family designates a member to carry and act out stress and dysfunction for other members or subsystems of the family.
Scapegoating
A clinical intervention, adapted by Peggy Papp from psychodrama, in which a family member is asked to depict a view of the emotional closeness or distance distance of members of a family system
Sculpting