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102 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
sexuality
the set of beliefs, values, and behaviors by which one defines oneself as a sexual being
heterosexual
sexual orientation toward members of the opposite sex
homosexual
sexual orientation toward members of the same sex
bisexual
sexual orientation toward members of both sexes
transgender
an indiviudual who believes that he or she is a victim of a biologic accident that occurred before birth and has been living within the body incompatible with his or her real gender identity. a majority of transgender persons are biologic males who identify themselves as feamles, usually early in childhood.
sexual orientation
a person's self-identification as a heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual, or transgender
sex
being biologically male or female; also, sexual activity or behavior
gender
the learned characteristics and behaviors associated with biological sex in a particular culture
incest taboo
the nearly universal societal prohibitionof intercoursebetween parents and children and between siblings
masturbation
a self-stimulation of the genitals; also called autoeroticism
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
the virus that causes AIDS
homophobia
aversion to homosexuals and homosexuality
DINS dilemma
inhibited or hypoactive sexual desire in couples with many demands on their time. (double income, no sex)
sexual dysfunction
a state in which one's sexual behavior or lack of it is a source of distress; any malfunction of the human sexual response that inhibits the achievement of orgasm, either alone or with a partner
organic sexual dysfunction
impairment of the ordinary physical responses of seual excitement or orgasmas the result of physical or medical factors, such as illness, injery, or drugs`
psychosocial sexual dysfunction
impairment of the ordiary physcial responses of sexual excitement or orgasm as a result of psychological, developmental, interpersonal, environmental, or cultural factors
erectile dysfunction
a sexual dysfunction in which a man has difficulty achieving or maintaining penile erection that is firm enough for intercourse
premature ejaculation
a sexual dysfunction in which a man in unable to control his ejaculation reflex vouluntarily and reaches orgasm sooner than he or his partner wishes
retarded ejaculation
a sexual dyusfunction in which a prolonged and strenuous effort is needed to reach orgasm
ejaculatory incompetence
a sexual dysfunciton that prevents a man from ejaculating in his partner's vagina despite a firm erection and a high level or sexual arousal
painful intercourse
a sexual dysfuntion characterized by an intense discomfort during sex; experienced by both men and women and often related to physical problems with sex organs`
viginismus
a sexual dysfunction in which a woman's vaginal muscles involuntarily constrict, preventing intercourse
anorgasmia
a sexual dysfunction that prevents a woman from having an orgasm
rapid orgasm
a sexual dysfunction in which a woman consistently reaches orgasm sooner than she or her partner wishes; the counterpart of premature ejaculation in the male
sex therapy
a process of education and counseling designed to help people overcome sexual problems
gender identity
a person's internal sense of being female or male, which is expressed in personality and behavior
gender role
the traits or behaviors assigned to males or females by a culture
gender-role sterotype
a rigid, simplistic belief about the distinctive psychological characteristics and behavioral patterns attributable to a man or a woman based exclusively on sex
masculinity
a gender-linked constellation of personality traits and behaviroal patterns traditionally associated with males in a society
femininity
a gender-linked constellation of peronality traits and behavioral patterns traditionally associated with females in a society
androgyny
a blending of traditionally maasculine and traditionally fiminine personality characteristics and role behaviors in one person; the absence of sex-typing with regard to roles
gender polarization
the oranizing of social life according to male and female gender-role distinctions
equalitarian roles
social equality between the sexes; equal sharing of practical responsibilities and dicision making by men and women. also called egalitarian roles
social learning theory
a psychological theory of development that focuses on learning through observation, imitation, and reinforcement
cognitive development theory
a model of child development that views growth as the mastery of specific ways of perceiveing, thinking, and doing; growth occurs at discrete stages
power
the ability of an individualin a social system to changes the behaviorof other members of the system through will, influence, or control
family power
the ability of one family member to chance the behvior of the other family members
resource theory of family power
a theory that the blance of pwer in a marriage is related to the relative resources (especially moneyh, level of education, and occupational prestige) each spouse has in the relationship
husband-dominant power pattern
a power pattern in a marriage in which the man is the boss
wife-dominant power pattern
a power pattern in a marriage in which the woman is the boss
syncratic power pattern
a power pattern in a marriage in which both partners share authority equally and make decisions jointly
autonomic power pattern
a power pattern in a marriage in which both partners have about equal authority but in a different areas of life; both make decisions in their particular domain independent of each other
symmetrical interaction
a style of communications in which partners send similar messages designed to controle how the relationship is defined
competitive symmetry
a style of communication in which partners attempt to controld the situation and the other by excalating the level of hostilities in a competitive manner
submissive symmetry
a style of communication in which each participant tries to give control of the situation, and responsibilties for it, to the other
neutralized symmetry
a style of communication in which partners respect each other, approached each other as equals, and avoid exerting controld over each other
complementary interaction
a style of communication in which the parners adopt two different tactics: one is dominant and one is submissive
goals
specific, achievalbe objectives or purposes
personal coping resources
qualities that help people dead with stressors across teh life cycle, such as an individual's self-esteen and mastery (confidence in personal abilities)
family coping resources
resources of a healthy family system on which the family can draw in times of stress, including cohesion, adaptability, and a willingness to adopt nontraditional family roles in the face of chaning economic circumstances
saver
a person whose money-handling style is characterized by compusive saving, often to the point of having little money free for essentials
spender
a person whose money-handling style is characterized by a love of purchasing items for herself or himslef as well as for others
resources
assets that can be used to achieve goals; economic, human, and environmental tools
values
personal, lasting, deeply held basic beliefs about what is good, desirable, and important in life
budgeting/bankruptcy
the regular, systematic blancing of income and expenses/ the state of being financially insolvent or unable to pay one's bills
Passion Cluster
one of two groups of characteristics that distinguish romantic relationships from friendships; includes fascinations, sexual desire, and exclusiveness
Caring Cluster
one of two groups of characteristics that distinguish romantic relationships from friendships; includes being an advocate from one's partner and giving the utmost
commitment
the congnitive component of Sternberg's three dimensions of love
intimacy
sharing intellectually, physically, and/or emotionally with another person; the emotional component of Sternberg's three dimensions of love
passion
intense physiological arousal; the motivational component of Sternberg's three dimensions of love
non-love
a type of love relationship characterizedc by the absence of commitment, intimacy and passion
liking
a tyle of love relationship characterized by intimacy but lacking passion and commitment
infatuation
a type of love relationship characterized by passion and lacking both intimacy and commitment
empty love
a type of love relationship involving commitment but no passion or intimacy
romantic love
a type of love relationship characterized by intimacy and passion but lacking commitment
fatuous love
a type of love relationship in which commitment is based on passion but in which there has not yet been time to develop true intimacy
companionate love
a type of love relationship characterized by commitment and intimacy buy lacking intense passion; common between partners who have now been together for many years
consummate love
a type of love relationship characterized by commitment, intimacy, and passion
jealousy
the condition of being resentful and suspicious of a rival
intimate experience
an experience in which one feels close to another or shares oneself in one area of life, such as intellectually, socially, emotionally or sexually
intimate relationship
a partnership involving an emotional bond between two people, with proven mutual commitmenta nd trust, that provides personal and relationship security and rewqards; a realtionship in which one shares intimate experisences in several areas of life over times with expectations that this sharing will continue
ENRICH
a comprehensive marital inventory containing 125 questions in categories that are relevant to married couples and e=their stisfactions with their relationship. ENRICH is an acronym for ENriching Relationship Issues, Communication, and Happiness
destructive intimacy game
games that reduce intimacy because people are often unaware of the game, do not voluntarily participate, and are often manipulated to behave in certain ways
zero-sum game
a game in which one side's margin of defeat, prducing a final sum of zero; what one perons wins the other loses
constructive intimacy game
games, or exercises, designed to increase intimacy in a relationship; people participate voluntarily, and they know the rules and goals of the game
singlehood
the state of being unmarried, divorced, or unattached to another person
parent-arranged marriage
a practice, common in non-industrialized societies, in which the parents of the bride and groom select the future spouse and arrange the marriage ceremony. based on teh principle that the elders in a community have a wisdom to select an appropriate spouse, this type of marriage generally extends existing family units rather than creating new units
dating
a form of courtship involving a series of appointed meetings for social interaction and activities during which an exlusive relationhip may evolve between two people
permissiveness
the extent of which couples are physically intimate before marriage
double standard
different standards of appropriate sexual and social behavior for the two sexes; the believe that premarital sex is more acceptable for the males than for the famles
mating gradient
the tendency of women to marry men who are better educated or more successful than they are
sex ratio
the relationship between the number of men and the number of women in a given age
endogamy
the practice of choosing a mate from within one's own ethnic, religious, socioeconomic, or general age group
exogamy
the practice of choosing a mate from outside one's own group
homogamy
the tendency to marry someone of th same ethnic group, educational-level, socioeconomic status religion, and values
complementary needs theory
the supposition that poeple are attracted to partners whose personalities differ from but complement their own. family researchers have not found much support for this theory
propinquity
nearness in time or place, in mate selection the the tendency to coose comeone who is geographically nearby
rapport
the process of communication in which two people deveop understanding and a sense of closesness
cohabitation
two unrelated adults sharing the same living space
Linus blanket
a type of cohabiting relationship in which one of the partners is so dependent or insecure that he or she prefers a relationship with anyone to being alone
emancipation
a type of cohabiting relationship relationship based on the desire to break free of parental values and influence rather than on love
convenience
a type of cohabiting relationship in which one partner takes and the other gives. a relationship of convenience is usally based on sexual, caretaking, economic, or social needs rather than on love
testing
a type of cohabiting relationship undertaken as a trial in a situation closely resembling marriage
palimony
"equitable relief" (alimony) granted by the court to a cohabiting partner; leagal precedent est. in Marvin vs. Marvin, 1997
PREPARE
a comprehensive premarital inventory that assesses a couple's relationship and determines how idenalistic or realistic each person is in regard to marriage how well the ocuple communicates and how well teh couple resolves conflictsa nd financial issues; acronyms PRE-marital Personal And Relationship Evaluation
family of origin
the family in which a person is raised during childhood
vitalized couple
a type of premarital and married couple characterized by many couple strengths, high marital satisfaction, and a low risk of divorce
harmonious couple
a type of premarital and married couple characterized by many couple strengths, relationship satisfaction, and a low risk of divorce
traditional couple
a type of premarital and married couple characterized by some external strengths (ie religion and friends) but fewer internal strengths (ie communication and conflict-resolution skills)
conflicted couple
a type of premarital and married couple characterized by few relationship strengths, low levels of relationship satisfaction, and a high risk of divorce
devitalized couple
the unhappiest type of married couple characterized by a few couple strengths and the highest risk for divorce
Community Marriage Policy
disigned to bring clergy members, judges, marital therapists, and others together to support a varieety of premarital and marital enrichment programsto help improve marriage