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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
midline
medial
toward the sides of the body
lateral
stomach side (sid that faces ground)
ventral
across the body horizontally
transverse
where the muscle starts, stable end (named often by # of heads or points)
origin
where the muscle enters or attaches to the bone, usually more movable end
insetion
muscle that bends a joint when it contracts
flexor
joint straightens when this muscle contracts
extensor
attaches muscle to bone
tendon
attaches bone to bone, or helps hold a joint together
ligament
circular shaped membrane onf surface of head for hearing
tympanic membrane
runs form mouth to the tympanic membrane
eustachian tube
keeps eye moist when open, frog can see through this
nictitating membrane
-largest organ in frog
-3 lobes(reddish-brown color)
-produces digestive enzymes
-helps matabolize foood, stores nutrients, and breaks down toxins
liver
-underneath liver
-small(normally green) pea shaped
-stores bile to aid digestion
gallbladder
-pear shaped organ
-whitish to tan color in perserved frog
-digestion is function
stomach
-connected to stomach
-continues digestion, nutrients from food are absorbed here
small intestine
-collects wastes(undigested food)
-removes water from the wastes if body needs it
large insestine
- clear membrane that helps hold organs and intestines in place
-very vascular to abosorb nutreints
mesentary
-white organ
-lies between stomach and intestine
-produces insulin and other enzymes
pancreas
-circulation, pumps blood
-3 chambers in frog; 2 atria, 1 ventricle
heart
respiration, exchange O2 and CO2
lungs
-small, oval, red body
-a reserve blood supply, also produces and matures blood cells
spleen
excretion, filter wastes from blood
kidneys
holds urine
bladder
reproduction (female frog had oviducts also)
testes\ovaries
are energy reserves
fat bodies
cavity that holds eggs and solid wastes, until they are released
cloaca