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105 Cards in this Set

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departure of the Israelites from Egyptian slavery under the leadership of Moses, who was led by God.
Exodus
became Abraham when he received a mission from God to be the “father of a host of nations.”
Abram
Abraham’s wife.
Sarah
Sarah’s servant that she gives to Abraham when she could not bear him children.
Hagar
son of Abraham and Sarah
Isaac
the son of Isaac and his wife Rebekah
Jacob
a sacred agreement between God and his people
Covenant
divine influence; God flows into and influences the human intellect, will, imagination, and memory.
Inspiration
a group of words and ceremonial acts for public worship.
Liturgy
the words of God delivered through a spokesperson known as a prophet
Prophecy
a brief statement that conveys a general truth or rule of conduct.
Proverb
something nonhuman is described with human characteristics.
Personification
This woman bears Abraham a son named Ishmael.
Hagar
the laws given by God to Moses that prescribe moral obligations for the Israelites as part of God’s covenant with them.
Ten Commandments
poetry based on rhythm
Psalm
seeks to explain the origins of humans through science
Evolution
Relies on science but it neither excludes nor contradicts religious belief in a creator in God.
Evolution
“second law”
Deuteronomy
Theme/ main message is that the people will succeed or fail depending on ho they follow the Law.
Deuteronomy
deals with the social organization of Israel based on the 12 tribes
Book of Numbers
Explains how God sustains them on their journey concludes with a summary of the laws.
Book of Numbers
Explores the journey of the Israelites from Mount Sinai to the Promised Land
Book of Numbers
continuation of the listing of God’s laws and commandments for he Israelites
Leviticus
a handbook for worship stresses the centrality of formal worship to the Israelites spiritual and moral lives
Leviticus
the old testament
Hebrew Scriptures
“law” in Hebrew
Torah
Jewish name for the first five books of the Old Testament
Torah
Also called the Pentateuch
Torah
the first five books of the Old testament; the Torah
Pentateuch:
the first book of the Old Testament
Genesis
Moses’ brother
Aaron
Demanded by the Israelites to make a God for them because Moses had not yet returned
Aaron
the reaching of the origins of the word through a literal interpretation of the creation stories in the Bible.
Creationism
A story in the Book of Genesis about two brothers’ are the descendants of the first humans
Cain & Abel
What happens in the story of Cain and Abel?
Abel offers the finest and fattest of his flock, while Cain offers less than the best produce; God is pleased with Abel’s offering, and this angers Cain who then murders his brother
Cain and Abel is an example of what type of sin?
Example of personal sin
the human condition of the need for salvation based on the first humans’ choice to disobey God.
Original Sin
the free choice to disobey God
Personal Sin
a collective, societal act or sign that society has distanced itself from God.
Social Sin
Most closely related myth to Genesis
Enuma Elish
Babylonian epic
Enuma Elish
A collection of stories that ate from 200 to 1800 B.C., although the only existing manuscripts date from after 1000 B.C.
Enuma Elish
The myth includes the accounts of many gods competing for power wit poison and monsters
Enuma Elish
the Mesopotamian epic that told the story of a great flood very similar to the story of Noah and the Flood.
Gilgamesh
Propeht who refused to curse the Israelites
Balaam
May have been a famous folk figure who is then described as a charismatic prophet who spoke oracles from the God of the Israelites
Balaam
Created an idol for the people to worship while Moses went up to Mount Sinai
Aaron
One of the first of the historical books
Book of Judges
Describes the conquer of Cannaan as a slow process that took many years.
Book of Judges
Collects the stories of men and women who delivers Israel oppression
Book of Judges
Military history that portrays God as actively involved in the battles and rewarding the people when they have followed the covenant
Book of Judges
the strong man who is a famous figure in the Old Testament
Samson
He seems inspired by a desire for revenge.
Samson
points beyond itself to something or someone else, even to God.
Sign
something that instills marvel in the people who witness it due to its astonishing nature
Wonder
definition of wonder
Marvel
Sometimes grouped with the Pentateuch
Bock of Joshua
Part of the ongoing story of God’s chosen people and their covenant
Book of Joshua
The first of the first 3 historical books
Book of Joshua
Military history that portrays God as actively involved in the battles and rewarding the people with victory when they have been faithful to the covenant
Book of Joshua
Book that describes the conquer of Canaan as swift and brutal
Book of Joshua
Deals more with the family aspect instead of war
Book of Ruth
Probably written after the exile when many Jewish leaders were trying to restrict marriage and other interaction with outsiders
Book of Ruth
a story in the Book of Genesis that is an example of social sin
Tower of Babel
the people of the different nations try to build a tower to the heavens- a tower that will make them famous; God sees this is not good and can see that there will be no limit to what the people will want; God halts the efforts of the people of different nations by confusing their speech
Tower of Babel
Two stories of how God created the world
creation stories
The first creation story says...
God made the world first and then he created man.
The second creation story says...
God created man first adn then he created the Earth.
The importance of both creation stories, or the similarity between them is that...
God created the world.
God’s covenant with Noah foreshadows...
His covenant with the Israelites.
God saw the evil humans had done and was sorry that he had created human kind; he gives a good man instructions for building a giant ark, stocking it, and otherwise preparing for the flood.
Noah and the Great Flood
Noah and the Great Flood is a story in...
the Book of Genesis
What happens after Noah builds the ark?
After forty days and forty nights of rain, everything on earth was destroyed, except Noah and all others on his ark’
The 10th of the ______ was the death of every 1st born also known as the ______.
plagues; Passover
Moses warnings to the pharaoh 10 times to free the slaves and each time he said “no” this came
The plagues
giving witness to one’s faith to proclaiming the good news of Jesus Christ to the world through words and actions.
Evangelization
The construction of this required thousands of laborers
Temple of Jerusalem
Took 7 years to build
Temple of Jerusalem
Built by Solomon
Temple of Jerusalem
Died by his own sword after a short unsuccessful reign
King Saul
The first king of Israel
King Saul
Marked for leadership by anointing with oil
King Saul
the third king of Israel, and David’s son
King Solomon
He made Jerusalem a religious center by building the first temple there.
King Solomon
the second king of Israel
King David
Captured the city of Jerusalem, made it his capital, and relocated the holiest Israelite relic, the Ark of the Covenant.
King David
one of the greatest of Israel’s heroes
King David
the period in history when the Babylonians forced most of the inhabitants of Judah to migrate to Babylon
Babylonian Exile
also known as the Exile
Babylonian Exile
an ancient symbol of God’s protection and presence
Ark of the Covenant
violence is acceptable if certain conditions are met
Just War
Part of the Israelite Nation
sometimes referred to people on the coast of the Mediterranean
Canaanites
the worship of one god
Monotheism
the worship of many gods
Polytheism
What was the Israelite law created to help feed the poor?
people who were poor had the right to glean the fields and farmers were required to leave part of the harvest for gleaning
the Isrealite law statin if a married man died without a son, his nearest male relative was to marry his widow and provide him a male heir
levirate marriage
her name originally Sarai
Sarah
mother of Isaac
Sarah
sent away Hagar and her son in fear her own son would not receive his father's inheritence
Sarah
a solemn agreement between two people or groups of people.
covenant
generally calls for the Israelites to live justly and avoid idolatry.
Prophecy
contains “numbers” listing the numbers of the Israelites (they are exaggerated)
Book of Number
to do something that is the opposite of good.
Personal Sin
a portable throne in ancient times that included a seat that was believed to be occupied by God.
Ark of the Covenant
4 reasons justifying war
just cause,
right intention,
last resort, and
legitimate authority