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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
verse
a single line of poetry
stanza
more than one verse of poetry
rhyme scheme
pattern of rhyme in a poem
refrain
a repeated verse in a poem
repetition
a repeated word, idea, or image in a poem
free verse
poem with no established rhyme scheme.
metaphor
implied comparison between 2 things
simile
direct comparison between 2 things using like or as.
hyperbole
exaggeration for effect.
mood
the way that a piece of writing makes the reader feel
assonance
repitition of vowel sounds
imagery
writing that appeals to any senses, especially sight
figurative language
language not meant to be taken literally
cliche
overused or tired expression
alliteration
repition of consanant sounds.
personification
giving human qualities to non-human beings.
allusion
reference to something well known
couplet
2 lines that rhyme
dramatic irony
a contradiction between what a character thinks and what the audience and reader know to be true.
conflict
a struggle between opposing forces, the problem
iambic pentameter
a ten syllable line in which unstressed syllables are followed by stressed syllables.
blank verse
unrhymed verse written in iambic pentameter, or ten syllable lines in which every second syllable is stressed.
prose
a form of written language esxpressed in sentences and paragraphs
couplet
a pair of rhyming lines usually of the same length and meter.
sonnet
14 lined lyric poem usually written in rhymed iambic pentameter.
dramatic foil
a character contrasted with another character; they are usually complete opposites
personification
when a nonhuman subject is given human qualities or characteristics
soliloquy
a long speech expressing the innermost thoughts of a character. The soliloquy is delivered when the character is on stage
monologue
a speech by a character in a play, story, or poem. The character is not necessarily alone on stage.
aside
a short speech delivered by an actor in a play expressing the character's thoughts. Usually inaudible to other actors on stage.
petrarchan lover
an individual who's in love of being in love