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428 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Name the grape of Beaujolais.
Gamay
It is one of the following: Pinot Noir, Gamay, Grenache, or Cabernet Sauvignon.
Name an AOC of the Loire similar to Sancerre.
Pouilly-Fumé
"It is one of the following:
Name the best sub-region of Graves.
Pessac-Leognan
"It is one of the following:
Define Sur Lie.
Sur Lie or "On the Lies" is aging the wine on the dead yeast to create a premiere texture.
Name the grape of Sancerre.
Sauvignon Blanc
"It is one of the following:
Name the major white grape of Burgundy.
Chardonnay
"It is one of the following:
Name the AOC of Coulee de Serrant and Roche Aux Moines.
Savennieres - Which makes wines from Chenin Blanc
State the rough geographic location of Jura and Savoie.
The French Alps near the Swiss border. East of Burgundy.
Name the AOC used when dry white wines are made in Sauternes.
Bordeaux AOC
Define "Selection de Grains Noble"
Dessert wines from botrytis fruit.
Name the grape of Condrieu.
Viognier
"It is one of the following:
State what the 2nd word is in most Cote D'Or village names.
The grand cru vineyard within the village. (Ex: Gevery-Chambertin and Puligny-Montrachet)
Name the major red grape of Burgundy.
Pinot Noir.
"It is one of the following:
Name the most famous AOC of the Maconais.
Macon
Define Marl soil.
A calcareous soil.
Name the still wine regional AOC of Burgundy.
Borgogne
Name the most famous AOC of the Cote Chalonnaise.
Mercurey
Name the grape of Vouvray.
Chenin-Blanc
"It is one of the following:
State the main labeling difference between Alsace and the rest of France.
In Alsace they label their wines by varietal whereas in the rest of France it is by a place name.
State the production difference for Beaujolais Nouveau.
Carbonic Maceration
Define kimmeridgian soil.
A greyish limestone.
Define "Negociant"
A grape buyer. They buy grapes then produce wines.
Define Terroir.
Anything to do with a sense of place.
Name the portion of the Cote D'Or best known for whites.
Cote de Beaune
Cote de Beaune or Cote de Nuits
Name the portion of the Cote D'Or best known for reds.
Cote de Nuits
Cote de Beaune or Cote de Nuits
Name the rough geographic location of Languedoc and Roussillon
Between the Meditteranean and the Pyrnees.
Name the famous sparkling wine of the Languedoc.
Cremant de Limoux
State the grapes of Bourgogne Passe tout Grains.
Pinot Noir and up to 1/3 Gamay.
State the regional AOC for the Rhone.
Cotes du Rhone
Name the sparkling wine of Burgundy.
Cremant de Bourgogne
Name a sub-region of Bordeaux with a classification for whites.
Graves and Sauternes.
Name a synonym for Muscadet.
Melon de Bourgogne
Name the lone Premiere Grand Cru of Sauternes.
Chateau d'Yquem
Define Vendage Tardive.
Late Harvest.
Name the grape of cahors.
Malbec
Describe the typical style of Alsace wines.
Mostly white, Dry, Crisp, and more alcohol than their german counterparts.
Name the best soil in chablis.
Chalk.
What is the viticultural key to the best sweet wines of Bordeaux
Botrytis or "Noble Rot"
Name the dominant grape for left bank reds.
Cabernet Sauvignon
"It is one of the following:
Name the dominant grape(s) for right bank reds.
Cabernet Franc or Merlot
"It is one of the following:
Name an AOC for Rosé wine from Rhone or Provence.
"Best answer is Tavel, but the following do make rosés as well: Lirac
Les Beaux de Provence"
No Hint.
Name the Sub-Regions of Burgundy.
"Cote de Nuits
Chablis(Though it is closer to champagne it is considered part of burgundy)"
No Hint.
Name the grape of Beaujolais.
Gamay
Name an AOC of the Loire similar to Sancerre.
Pouilly-Fumé
Name the best sub-region of Graves.
Pessac-Leognan
Define Sur Lie.
Sur Lie or "On the Lies" is aging the wine on the dead yeast to create a premiere texture.
Name the grape of Sancerre.
Sauvignon Blanc
State the difference between Northern and Southern Rhone red wines.
"North: Single grape allowed -Syrah
South: Blend of any of 23 grapes including Grenache, Mourvedre, and Syrah."
It has to do with the varietals allowed.
Name an AOC for red wines from the Southern Rhone.
"Chateauneuf-du-Pape
Rasteau"
Define Vin Jaune.
"Vin jaune (literally ""yellow wine"") is an unusual wine made in the Jura region of France.
The wine is made from late harvest Savagnin grapes, an unusual local white variety. They are fermented slowly and then kept in small old oak casks. The casks are not topped up, unlike most wines, so an air gap appears above the wine due to evaporation. A film (flor) of yeast grows over the wine, protecting it partially from oxidation."
Name the major white grape of Burgundy.
Chardonnay
Name the AOC of Coulee de Serrant and Roche Aux Moines.
Savennieres - Which makes wines from Chenin Blanc
State the rough geographic location of Jura and Savoie.
The French Alps near the Swiss border. East of Burgundy.
Name the AOC used when dry white wines are made in Sauternes.
Bordeaux AOC
Define "Selection de Grains Noble"
Dessert wines from botrytis fruit.
Name the grape of Condrieu.
Viognier
State what the 2nd word is in most Cote D'Or village names.
The grand cru vineyard within the village. (Ex: Gevery-Chambertin and Puligny-Montrachet)
State the difference between Crozes-Hermitage and Hermitage.
"Crozes-Hermitage contains flat land with clay soils.
Hermitage contains lots of slopes and a more granite soil."
Name the major red grape of Burgundy.
Pinot Noir.
Name the most famous AOC of the Maconais.
Macon
Define Marl soil.
A calcareous soil.
Name the still wine regional AOC of Burgundy.
Burgogne
Name the most famous AOC of the Cote Chalonnaise.
Mercurey
Name the grape of Vouvray.
Chenin-Blanc
Name 1 Cru in Beaujolais.
"Brouilly
St. Amour"
State the main labeling difference between Alsace and the rest of France.
In Alsace they label their wines by varietal whereas in the rest of France it is by a place name.
State what is different about Corton and Musigny compared to the other Grand Cru of their respective districts.
"Corton is the only Grand Cru red wine in Cotes de Beaune which is normally known for whites.
Musigny is the only Grand Cru white wine in Cotes de Nuits which is usually known for reds."
State the production difference for Beaujolais Nouveau.
Carbonic Maceration
Name an AOC of the Loire that produces red wines from pinot noir.
"Reuilly
Sancerre"
Define kimmeridgian soil.
A greyish limestone.
Define "Negociant"
A grape buyer. They buy grapes then produce wines.
Name the four sub-regions of the Loire.
"Pays Nantais
Central Vineyards"
Name two AOCs of the Loire that produce red wines from cabernet franc.
"Touraine
Bougeil"
Define Terroir.
Anything to do with a sense of place.
State the AOCs of Alsace.
"Cremant de Alsace
Alsace Grand Cru"
Name the portion of the Cote D'Or best known for whites.
Cote de Beaune
Name the portion of the Cote D'Or best known for reds.
Cote de Nuits
Name the rough geographic location of Languedoc and Roussillon
Between the Meditteranean and the Pyrnees.
Name the famous sparkling wine of the Languedoc.
Cremant de Limoux
Name the AOC for Sauvignon Blanc in Burgundy
"St. Bris
Formerly Sauvignon de St. Bris"
Name 3 sub-regions of Bordeaux
"Medoc
Entre Deaux Mers"
Name a vin doux naturel (french)
"Banyuls
Rasteau"
State the grapes of Bourgogne Passe tout Grains.
Pinot Noir and up to 1/3 Gamay.
State the regional AOC for the Rhone.
Cotes du Rhone
Name a fortified wine from the Rhone.
"Muscat de Beaumes de Venise
Rasteau"
Name two AOCs for sweet wine in Bordeaux.
"Loupiac
Cerons"
Name the sparkling wine of Burgundy.
Cremant de Bourgogne
Name a sub-region of Bordeaux with a classification for whites.
Graves and Sauternes.
Name a synonym for Muscadet.
Melon de Bourgogne
Name any 1 white Grand Cru vineyard in Burgundy.
"Any of the following work:
Chevelier-Montrachet"
Name the lone Premiere Grand Cru of Sauternes.
Chateau d'Yquem
Define Vendage Tardive.
Late Harvest.
State the Noble Grapes of Alsace.
"Riesling
Sylvaner (only from one vineyard - Zoztenburg)"
Name the grape of cahors.
Malbec
Name the important white grapes of Bordeaux.
"Semillon
Muscadelle"
Describe the typical style of Alsace wines.
Mostly white, Dry, Crisp, and more alcohol than their german counterparts.
State the quality levels of french wine.
"Vin de Table
AOC"
Name the best soil in chablis.
Chalk.
Name a sparkling wine AOC of the Loire.
"Cremant de Loire
Vouvray Mousseaux"
What is the viticultural key to the best sweet wines of Bordeaux
Botrytis or "Noble Rot"
State what major wine regions surround Sudouest(South-West).
"Bordeaux to the north.
Rhone also to the east."
Name the dominant grape for left bank reds.
Cabernet Sauvignon
Name the dominant grape(s) for right bank reds.
Cabernet Franc or Merlot
Name the red varietals allowed in Bordeaux.
Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Malbec, and for bonus points Carmenere.
Name two most important AOCs of the right bank.
Pomerol and St. Emilion
Name the top category within the Cru Bourgeois.
Crus Bourgeois Exceptionnel
Name the 1st growths of the Medoc.
"Chateau Lafite Rothschild
Name three communes in the Medoc.
"St. Estephe
Describe the classification of Pomerol.
There is none.
Name the grapes of Champagne
"Chardonnay
Define Methode Traditionelle
"2nd fermentation in this bottle
Define Riddling
Riddling is the process of turning the bottles sharply and slowly increasing their downward angle to make the lies and sediment pool in the neck of the bottle.
State the difference between Extra Brut and Extra Dry
"Extra Brut has no sugar added during dosage.
Define Tete de Cuvee
It is the producers best blend in Champagne.
State the minimum sur lie aging for NV Champagne.
18 months
State the minimum sur lie aging for Vintage Champagne.
3 years
Define the term for adding sugar just prior to corking.
Dossage.
Define Blanc de Noirs
White of Darks meaning Black grapes only so the champagne therefore contains only pinot noir or pinot meunier
Define Blanc de Blancs
White of Whites meaning white grapes only.
Name the Premier Cru of the Coteaux du Layon.
"Coteaux du Layon - Chaume
Name an AOC in Loire known for sweet wines besides Vouvray.
"Coteaux du Layon Chaume
Define Moelleaux.
Botrytis.
What is the soil in Champagne
Chalky Soils.
Question
Answer
Hint
Name the grape of Beaujolais.
Gamay
"It is one of the following: Pinot Noir, Gamay, Grenache, or Cabernet Sauvignon."
Name an AOC of the Loire similar to Sancerre.
Pouilly-Fumé
"It is one of the following:
Name the best sub-region of Graves.
Pessac-Leognan
"It is one of the following:
Define Sur Lie.
"Sur Lie or ""On the Lies"" is aging the wine on the dead yeast to create a premiere texture."
Name the grape of Sancerre.
Sauvignon Blanc
"It is one of the following:
Name the major white grape of Burgundy.
Chardonnay
"It is one of the following:
Name the AOC of Coulee de Serrant and Roche Aux Moines.
Savennieres - Which makes wines from Chenin Blanc
State the rough geographic location of Jura and Savoie.
The French Alps near the Swiss border. East of Burgundy.
Name the AOC used when dry white wines are made in Sauternes.
Bordeaux AOC
"Define ""Selection de Grains Noble"""
Dessert wines from botrytis fruit.
Name the grape of Condrieu.
Viognier
"It is one of the following:
State what the 2nd word is in most Cote D'Or village names.
The grand cru vineyard within the village. (Ex: Gevery-Chambertin and Puligny-Montrachet)
Name the major red grape of Burgundy.
Pinot Noir.
"It is one of the following:
Name the most famous AOC of the Maconais.
Macon
Define Marl soil.
A calcareous soil.
Name the still wine regional AOC of Burgundy.
Burgogne
Name the most famous AOC of the Cote Chalonnaise.
Mercurey
Name the grape of Vouvray.
Chenin-Blanc
"It is one of the following:
State the main labeling difference between Alsace and the rest of France.
In Alsace they label their wines by varietal whereas in the rest of France it is by a place name.
State the production difference for Beaujolais Nouveau.
Carbonic Maceration
Define kimmeridgian soil.
A greyish limestone.
"Define ""Negociant"""
A grape buyer. They buy grapes then produce wines.
Define Terroir.
Anything to do with a sense of place.
Name the portion of the Cote D'Or best known for whites.
Cote de Beaune
Cote de Beaune or Cote de Nuits
Name the portion of the Cote D'Or best known for reds.
Cote de Nuits
Cote de Beaune or Cote de Nuits
Name the rough geographic location of Languedoc and Roussillon
Between the Meditteranean and the Pyrnees.
Name the famous sparkling wine of the Languedoc.
Cremant de Limoux
State the grapes of Bourgogne Passe tout Grains.
Pinot Noir and up to 1/3 Gamay.
State the regional AOC for the Rhone.
Cotes du Rhone
Name the sparkling wine of Burgundy.
Cremant de Bourgogne
Name a sub-region of Bordeaux with a classification for whites.
Graves and Sauternes.
Name a synonym for Muscadet.
Melon de Bourgogne
Name the lone Premiere Grand Cru of Sauternes.
Chateau d'Yquem
Define Vendage Tardive.
Late Harvest.
Name the grape of cahors.
Malbec
Describe the typical style of Alsace wines.
"Mostly white, Dry, Crisp, and more alcohol than their german counterparts."
Name the best soil in chablis.
Chalk.
What is the viticultural key to the best sweet wines of Bordeaux
"Botrytis or ""Noble Rot"""
Name the dominant grape for left bank reds.
Cabernet Sauvignon
"It is one of the following:
Name the dominant grape(s) for right bank reds.
Cabernet Franc or Merlot
"It is one of the following:
Where is Pommard located?
Burgundy
What are the 7 Grand Crus of Chablis?
Blanchots, Bougros, Les Clos, Vaudesir, Valmur, Preuses, Grenouilles
What vineyard in Chablis is located partly in Vaudesir, and partly in Preuses,but is not a Grand Cru?
La Moutonne
Where is the Cote D'Or?
Burgundy: it is the Department name for both the Cote de Nuits and the Cote de Beaune
Where is the Cote Challonaise?
Burgundy
How many, and what are the Grand Crus of Chambertin?
"8: Mazis-Chambertin, Ruchottes-Chambertin, Chambertin Clos-de-Beze,
Latricieres-Chambertin"
Where is Pouilly-Fuisse and what does it produce?
Located in the Macconais district of Burgundy. It is restricted to producing whites from Chardonnay
Where is Saint-Bris located?
It is in the Yonne which is located in the Chablis district of Burgundy
Where is Irancy located?
It is in the Yonne which is located in the Chablis district of Burgundy
Where is the Cote de Nuits located?
In Burgundy along the Cote d'Or to the north of the Cote de Beaune
Where is the Cote de Beaune located
In Burgundy along the Cote d'Or to the south of the Cote de Nuits
Where is Macconais?
In Burgundy south of Cote Chalonnaise and north of Beaujolais (which it partly overlaps)
Where is Saint-Veran located?
In Burgundy in the Maconnais
Where would you find Pouilly?
In Burgundy in the Maconnais
What department is Beaujolais located in?
Technically, it is in the Rhone department, but is considered part of Burgundy
What are the 10 Crus of Beaujolais?
Brouilly, Cote de Brouilly, Chenas, Chiroubles, Fleurie, Julienas, Morgon, Moulin-a-Vent, Regnie, Saint Amour
What is the predominant soil type of Beaujolais?
Granitic, schistous limestone in the north and more clay dominated in the south
What is the climate of Beaujolais?
Temperate and Semi-continental
What are the principal villages of teh Cotes de Nuits?
"There are 7 from North to South:
What is the largest Grand Cru vineyard of the Cote D'Or? Who founded it?
Clos de Vougeot and it was founded by the Cistercian monks. It is roughly 50 hectares
Where is the Cote Chalonnais located?
In the Saone-et-Loire department of Burgundy between the Cote-D'Or and the Maconnais
How many Grand Cru vineyards are there in Burgundy?
There are 34 of them
What does Grand Cru mean?
It means,literally, Great Growth
Where is Gevrey-Chambertin?
In Burgundy, in the Cotes de Nuits
What does it produce?"
It is in the Cote Challonais in Burgundy. It produces exclusively white wine from Chardonnay
What are the 5 village appellations in/of the Cote Challonaise?
"Mercurey
What is the general climate of Burgundy?
Continental
What does it produce?"
It is in the Cote Challonais in Burgundy. It produces reds, whites, and sparklings
What does it produce?"
It is in the Cote Challonais in Burgundy. It produces mostly red from Pinot Noir and small quantities of white wine
What does it produce?"
It is in the Cote Challonais in Burgundy. It produces mostly red from Pinot Noir and small quantities of white wine
What does it produce?"
It is in the Cote Challonaise in Burgundy. It has it's own appellation for whites made from Aligote
Where is Mercurey located?
In the Cote Challonaise district of Burgundy
Where is Chassagne-Montrachet located?
In the Cote de Beaune district of the Cote d'Or in Burgundy
Where is Puligny-Montrachet located?
In the Cote de Beaune district of the Cote d'Or in Burgundy
Where is Meursault located?
In the Cote de Beaune district of the Cote d'Or in Burgundy
Where is Volnay located?
In the Cote de Beaune district of the Cote d'Or in Burgundy
How many, and what are the Grand Cru's of Vosne Romanee?
"6:
Where is Vosne Romanee located and what is it best known for?
"In the Cote-de-Nuits district of Burgundy.
What is Chablis made from?
Chardonnay
Where is Chablis located and what Department is it in?
In the Burgundy region, but in the Yonne Department.
What is the usual climate for Chablis?
Semi-continental with NO maritime influence. Long hard winters and often fairly hot summers
Bouchet is a synonym for what? Where is it called Bouchet?
It is the name used for Cabernet Franc in St. Emilion
What are the 6 Commune appellations of the Haut-Medoc?
"Saint Estephe,
Which Bordeaux areas are the so-called Left Bank?
"Medoc,
Which Bordeaux areas are the Right Bank?
"Blaye,
What river are the left bank appellations near?
The Garonne
What river are the right bank appellations near?
The Dordogne
What are the Left Bank appellations?
"Barsac
What are the Right Bank appellations?
"Cotes de Castillon
What is the most renowned grape for the Left Bank? Right Bank
Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
What are they?"
"There are 12:
What is the general climate of Bordeaux?
Essentially maritime with some minor variations
What are the minimum alcoholic strengths for AC Bordeaux and Bordeaux Superieur?
"generic AC Bordeaux: 10%
Is Fronsac a Left or Right Bank Appellation?
Right Bank
Where is the Haut-Medoc?
Bordeaux - Left Bank
Where is Graves?
"Bordeaux - South East Haut Medoc
How many, and what are the communes that are entitled to the Sauternes Appellation?
"There are 5:
How many, and what are the communal appellations of the Haut Medoc?
"There are 6:
What are they?"
"There are 3:
What is another name for First Growths in Bordeaux
Premier Crus
Where is Pauillac?
Bordeaux between St.Estephe to the north and St.Julien to the South
What does it mean?"
"Bordeaux, between the rivers Dordogne adn Garonne.
List 5 excellent Chateaux from Pomerol
"Petrus
How many, and what are the communes that are entitled to the Sauternes Appellation?
"There are 5:
How many, and what are the communal appellations of the Haut Medoc?
"There are 6:
What are they?"
"There are 3:
What is another name for First Growths in Bordeaux
Premier Crus
Where is Pauillac?
Bordeaux between St.Estephe to the north and St.Julien to the South
What does it mean?"
"In Bordeaux between the Dordogne and Garonne rivers.
List 5 or more excellent Chateaux from Pomerol
"Ch Petrus
Where is Pomerol located?
In Bordeaux-Right Bank
What are Pomerol's reds made of?
Merlot
Where is Sauterne located?
In Bordeaux in the Graves district
Where is the Medoc?
In Bordeaux on the Left Bank
Where is Margaux located?
In the Medoc region of Bordeaux
What are the major grape varieties of Bordeaux
"Reds: Cab Sauv, Cab Franc, Malbec, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Carmenere
What are extra sec, demi-sec, and sec champagnes?
The sweeter champagnes
How is/can rose champagne be produced?
2 ways: by blending a little white and red wines, or as is traditional with other rose's, thru skin contact
What is a non-dosage champagne?
One without added dosage or liquer d'expedition which normally contains some sugar
What is Coteaux Champenois AOC?
An AOC in Champagne for red, white, and rose wines that are still
What is Rose des Riceys AOC?
An AOC in Champagne devoted exclusively to pink (rose) wines made from Pinot Noir. The AOC in in the Aube department
Describe NV Brut
Classic Champagne made from a blendof the latest vintage and anywhere from 10-15% to up to 40% reserve wines. Blending is the key
Describe Vintage Brut
self explanatory
What is a Blanc de Blancs Champagne
One made entirely from Chardonnay grapes
What is a blanc de Noirs champagne?
One made entirely from black grapes, either Pinot Noir, or Pinot Meunier or a blend of the two
What is the transfer method know as in the US? France?
"Carstens
What is tirage?
It is what the French call the adding of sugar and yeast to the blended base wines in order to provoke a second fermentation for champagne
What are the 5 major districts of Champagne?
"Montagne de Reims
How many and what are the wine styles of Champagne?
"11:
Who developed teh formula that enabled wine makers to know how much sugar is required to induce secondary fermentation?
Andre Francois
What are the 3 permitted grape varieties for Champagne?
"Pinot Noir,
Define Pupitre
It is the French name for a hand riddling rack
Who is credited with the development of Remuage? What is it?
"Nicole Barbe Ponsardin-Cliquot
What states and what AVA's are included in New England?
"From north to south the States are:
Where was the 1st successful commercial vineyard in the US?
On the Ohio River in Indiana, on land donated by Thomas Jefferson
Where did many/most of the rootstocks which halted Phylloxera come from?
Missouri, as suggested by C.V. Riley
Zinfandel is the same grape as what from Italy?
Primitivo
What was the first AVA in the US?
Augusta, Missouri in 1980
Where and what is the name of the oldest winery in the US still in operation?
"Brotherhood America's Oldest Winery, LTD
When?"
"David Lett of Eyrie Vineyard
In CA, Mataro is a synonym for what
Mourvedre
When were the first Vinifera vines planted in WA, and where?
in 1871 in Yakima Valley
What were they referring to?"
Konstantin Frank, a Ukranian viticulturist,in reference to the lack of vinifera vines being grown in NY State
What are the main varieties used in Hermitage for red and white?
"Syrah and up to 15% Viognier for reds
Where is Hermitage?
Northern Rhone, on the east bank of the Rhone river
Wher is/are Condrieu and Ch Grillet located and what are they?
"Located in Northern Rhone
Where is Cote Rotie located and what are it's major producers?
"Northern Rhone
What are the minor grape varieties of the Rhone?
"Red:
What are the principal grape varieties of the Rhone?
"Red: Syrah, Grenache, Mourvedre, Cinsault
Define Cepages
French term that simply means vine varieties
Define Liquoreux
It is a french term meaning syrupy sweet, used for very rich, often Botrytized wines that are markedly sweeter than moelleux wines
Define encepagement
The mix of vine varieties planted on a particular property
Define Moelleux
French term that means literally like bone marrow, or mellow. These wines are usually medium sweet rather than very rich botrytized wines
What is Millerandage?
Abnormal fruit set shown by the presence of large and small berries in the same bunch
What is Coulure?
French term referring to poor fruit set in which soon after flowering some of the small berries fall off
What are the 2 Departments contained within Alsace?
the Bas Rhin in the North and the Haut Rhin in the South
In Alsace, Auxerrois is what?
A minor white varietal know as Auxerrois Blanc de Laquenexy
Can either Vendage Tardives or Selection des Grains Nobles wines be Chapitalized?
No
What are the permitted varietals for Vendage Tardives and Selection des Grains Nobles wines?
Riesling, Muscat, Gewurtztraminer, and Pinot Gris
What are the main varietals planted in Alsace?
"there are 10:
Where is Montlouis AC
Loire
Negroamaro is the main grape variety in
Salice Salentino
What characteristics does wine aged in new Oak exhibit?
Vanilla flavor, wood tannin, oxidation
The vine disorder that causes leaves to turn yellow is...
Chlorsis
What is Pomerol AC?
Red wine producing region on the right bank of Bordeaux
Another name for Cognac is..
Charentais
Taurasi DOCG comes from which region in Italy?
Campania
Which acid is most abundant in grapes?
Tartaric
Is Cab Sauv prone to rot? why or why not
No, thick skins
In the 1855 Classification what status was given to Montrose, Pichon Longueville, and Cos d'Estournel?
Deuxieme cru status
Bonnes Mares AC is in...
both Morey St.Denis and Chambolle Musigny
What is Menetou-Salon?
white and red wine producing region in the Loire
What are the following: Brix, Baume, and Oechsle?
scales for measuring grape sugars
Ethyl Alcohol vaporizes at what temperature?
78.5 C/ 173 F
Bonnezeaux is made from what grape?
Chenin Blanc
What kind of still makes a purer product? pot or continuous
Continuous
Which still can be used for any alcohol? pot or continuous
Continuous
Which wine is made from the same grape varieties as Amarone?
Bardolino
What type of wine is Monbazillac AC?
Sweet white wine from SW France
VSOP Armagnac can not be less than _ years old
5
VSOP Cognac can not be less than _ years old
6
Garganega is the primary grape variety in...
Soave
Cortese is.....
white grape variety perdominantly from Piedmont
Which wine is DOCG: Chianti, Chianti Classico, or Chianti Rufina?
all of them
Montagny AC is what type of region and what grape is used?
White wine only from Chardonnay
What is aspersion?
Technique used to combat frost - especially in Chablis
What type of barrel is used in Burgundy?
Piece
Where is Pommard?
Cote de Beaune
Cahors AC stipulates at least 70% Auxerrois also known as...
Malbec
What type of soils are mostly in Banyuls?
Sandy
What is Brunello?
a clone of the Sangiovese grape
Lungarotti is an important wine family in what region?
Umbria
What is loam?
soil type
What is Jardin de la France?
a regional vin de pays
What type of wine does Jurancon produce: dry or sweet?
Both
Where is Fixin?
Cote de Nuits south of Dijon
What region would you find Lambrusco in?
Emilia-Romagna
Claret is an English term for..
all red Bordeaux wines
Where is Montlouis AC
Loire
Negroamaro is the main grape variety in
Salice Salentino
What characteristics does wine aged in new Oak exhibit?
Vanilla flavor, wood tannin, oxidation
The vine disorder that causes leaves to turn yellow is...
Chlorsis
What is Pomerol AC?
Red wine producing region on the right bank of Bordeaux
Where is Chinon located
Touraine region of the Loire
Where is Ch Cheval Blanc, and what grape is planted there?
St Emilion, cab franc
Which is a monopole: Clos de Vougeot, Romanee-St-Vivant, Richebourg, or Romanee Conti
Romanee Conti
What is a recolant?
person who harvests grapes
Which app has a maximum alcohol level: Ch-de-Pape, Chablis, Muscadet, or Montagny?
Muscadet
How many acres in a hectare?
2.5
What wine region makes Nero d'Avola into a varietal wine?
Sicily
Which is most affected by canopy mgmt: micro, macro, or mesoclimate?
Microclimate
Where is Ch Palmer located?
St-Estephe
Cinqueterre is a white wine from ....
Liguria
Where is St. Peray?
Northern Rhone
What is Pigeage?
French term for an action that leads to the extraction of color and tannins in red wine
What is Brachetto d'Acqui
Sparkling red wine
What does the term "super second" mean?
the best performing wines ranked as 2nd growths in the 1855 classification
What grape is Vin Jaune made from?
Savenienne
Which is not a pomace brandy: Grappa, Marc, or Fine?
Fine
Puligny Montrachet, Batard-Montrachet, or Chassagne-Montrachet?"
Batard-Montrachet
What is sulfur used for?
Disinfectant, antioxidant, preservative
What is maceration?
length of time liquid is in contact with grape solids
Where is Aglianico del Vulture DOC?
Basilica
Talk briefly about the history of restaurants
"Complimentary food from hosts table. Best chefs employed privately. French revolution and guilds changed all that
First French book to organize restaurants into classes:
Voyages Gastronomiques au pays de France by J.A.P. Cousins
Describe service a la Francais
3-4 courses with several dishes per course placed down the center of the table. Ornate. Guests served themselves
Describe service a la Russe
Dishes were plated by Maitre d'. served from left, wine from right, first drops to the host
Describe service a la Anglais
server serves each guest from a platter from left side
Describe service a l'assiette
1960's, todays style of service
American contributions to restaurants: (3)
cafeterias, drive thru's, and fast food
What does Sommelier mean?
Beasts of burden, employed by nobles, monitored food, wine, etc deliveries. Could also have been applied to monks
Service procedure for sparkling wines
"ID Host
Steps for white wine service
"Remember don't rotate bottle when or tip when cutting foil
Decanting techniques
"prepare mise en place and bring to table ***with lit cndle
decanting if bottle stored vertically
decant before your and host's assessments
What does mise en place mean
everything put in it's place
what are kwervi
clay jars with crushed grapes in them buried in the earth to ferment. Rebottled in the spring
How were early wines protected from spoilage
resinated
Where was vinifera vines origins believed to be
Transcaucasia (Georgia and Armenia)
Greek influence on wine:
"growers and traders.
Greek God of wine
Dionysus
Roman God of wine
Bacchus
What does Oenotria mean
Land of staked/stalked vines
Etruscan contributions to wine
trained vines up trees, vs Greeks down low
Roman contributions to wine
"Found certain vinyds/vintages to be of differing quality
What is Falernian
first famous Roman wines
What is Islam's view on wine
It is banned since Mohammed's death
What did Charlemagne give to the Abbey of Saulieu in 775?
The hill of Corton
How did monasteries use wine?
for income, and sacrament
Two most influential monastic orders, which is considered most important?
"Benedictines and Cistercians
When did Madeira begin?
1419
When did cultivation in Mexico begin,and with what grape?
1520, Criolla (aka Mission)
Who brought the grape to the US, to what state, when, and how did it fare?
Hugenots, Florida, 1560's, Pierce's disease destroyed it
What was the first vineyard in South Africa and who established it?
Constantia, based on Muscat, the Dutch
Where did Viticulture in Australia start?
Hunter Valley
What major development for wine happened in the 17th Century
Development of cork and bottle created by Sir Kenelm Digby
When did Phyloxxera hit France? How was it corrected?
"1850's in Southern France
Who aided French in combatting phyloxera?
Thomas Munson
How is downy mildew combatted?
Bordeaux mixture
What is piquette?
"refermented wine - water and beet sugar added to pomace after pressing
What did phyloxera due to French mkt?
Turned it from an exporter to an importer of wine
Who exported wine to France in early 1900's?
"Algeria and Italy
What is Declaration de Recolte?
"forced growers to submit stats on how much wine made each year, how much held in stock. Done for fraud reasons
What was the Volstead Act?
USA, 18th amendment bringing prohibition in 1919
In France, what 2 problems did the gov have?
What to do with nasty wine, and how to combat fraud
What are in France was the first to organize growers? Second?
Chablis, Medoc
Who was Joseph Capus?
"The father of the AOC
What foodstuff influenced later wine laws?
Roquefort - whether to use ewe or cow milk in production
Who was Baron Le Roy de Boiseaumarie, and what was he famous for?
"owner of Ch Fortia
What was Comite National des Appellations D'Origine?
precursor to INAO
What were the first AOC regions?
"1936: Chateauneuf de Pape
What is selection massale?
clippings from many vines
What are the Dijon Clones in Oregone?
114,115,119
What are the sweet wine producing areas of Entr-deux-mers?
Loupiac, Cadillac, St Croix du mont
What are the 5 regional vins de pays?
"jardin de la france
What are the regions in Chianti?
Classico, Colli Aretini, Colli Fiorentini, Colli Senesi, Colline Lucchesi, Colline Pisane, Ruffina, Montespertoli
What are the 3 areas of Rioja?
Rioja Alta Roija Baja, and Rioja Alavesa
What are the grapes of white Roija?
Viura (aka Macabeo), Malvasia, and sometimes Garnacha Blanca
What area is known as Cava Country?
Penedes
What four grapes can be found in Cava?
Parallada, Macabeo, Xarel-lo, and sometimes Chardonnay