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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the typical blend of grapes in AC St Emilion
Right Bank

Merlot
Cab Franc
What is the typical blend of grapes in AC St Julien
Left Bank

Cab Sauv
Merlot
Cab Franc
What is the typical blend of grapes in AC Entre-Deux-Mers
Between the two rivers

Semillon
Sauv Blanc
What is the typical blend of grapes in AC Barsac
Left Bank

Semillon
Sauv Blanc
What are the 3 white grape varietals of Sauternes and their roles in the blend?
Left Bank

Semillon - thin skin attracts noble rot; gives wine a golden color and plenty of body
Sauv Blanc - counter potential flabbiness of semillon
Muscadelle - provides grapey Muscat flavor (used sparingly in sweet wine blends)
How are vines typically planted in Bordeaux?
Densely planted
Trained low to the ground to benefit from heat reflected from the ground

Machine harvesting typically used except for at the top growths in the Medoc and for sweet wines
What are the important grape varieties in the Madiran AC?
Southwest France

Tannat
full bodied, brambly red

Also, local whites:
Vin de Pays des Cotes de Gascogne and Vin de Pays du Gers that are aromatic, crisp light white wines made with Armagnac varieties
What are the important grape varieties in Bergerac AC?
East of the Entre Deux Mers vinyeards

Bordeaux Clone

Reds: cab sauv, cab franc, merlot, malbec, petit verdoc
Whites: semillon, sauv blanc, muscadelle
What are the important grape varieties in Cahors AC?
Southwest France

Malbec - known locally as auxerrois - must account for 70% of each blend
Also merlot and tannat

At best wines from Cahors AC are aged in oak, deeply colored, high in tannin, with intense dark berry fruits that mature slowly to reveal notes of cedar and earth
Describe the wines of Saint-Emilion Grand Cru AC
Merlot and Cab Franc
Vineyards on the limestone
Low yields
Aged in new oak
Rich tannins, complex red berry fruit aromas, developing tobacco and cedar nuances as they evolve
Describe the wines of Bordeaux AC (red)
Merlot, Cab Sauv, Cab Franc

Largest appellation
Basic wines have improved

At best: Medium bodied dry reds with blackberry and cedar notes
Others can be thin, have astringent tannins, and unripe flavors from overcropped vines
Describe the wines of Fronsac AC
Merlot, Cab Franc

Excellent value Bordeaux red wines

Mostly merlot planted on hillside vinedyards
Full bodied, surprisingly tannic wines
Describe the wines of Sainte-Croix-du-Mont AC
Sweet wine made in the Sauternes style

Generally have lower levels of botrytis so the wines have less concentration and complexity than sauternes

Lower priced than sauternes which means the wines rarely recoup the costs and effort of production
Describe "en primeur" sales in the context of the Bordeaux wine trade
"Futures"

Release of quantities of crop for sale in the year following harvest -- typically after the quality of individual wines has been rated by the critics.

Price includes costs up to and including bottling

Wines are released in a number of limited quantities with prices increasing with each release

Buying en primeur can be a lottery.
Wines are kept at the chateau where they are aged until bottling then released when wine is approximately 2 yrs old.
Name the 6 requirements included in AC laws for all regions in France
1. Area of production
2. Varieties
3. Viticulture practices
4. Maximum permitted yields
5. Vinification methods, including aging
6. Minimum alcohol (before chaptalization)
What style of wine is the Haut Medoc known for?
Blended, premium wines from Cab Sauv and Merlot
Haut Medoc
Well draining gravel

N to S communes with highly classified vinyeyards:
- St Estephe
- Paulliac
- Saint Julien
- Margaux

Includes all but one of the chateaus from the 1855 Classification

Cab Sauv (with merlot and cab franc)
Left Bank
1. Medoc

2. Haut Medoc (including commune ACs of St Estephe, Paulliac, St Julien, Margaux)

3. Graves (including commune ACs of - Pessac-Leognan, Sauternes, Barsac)
Right Bank
St Emilion (St Emilion satellites and St Emilion Grand Cru)

Pomerol
Fronsac
Cotes de Bourg
Premieres Cotes de Blaye

Mostly Merlot and Cab Franc.. some malbec
Between the Garonne and theDordogne
Entree-Deux-Mers: Semillon, Sauv Blanc

Permieres Cotes de Bordeaux - Merlot, Cab Sauv, Cab Franc
What style of wine is the Haut Medoc known for?
Blended, premium wines from Cab Sauv and Merlot
Haut Medoc
Well draining gravel

N to S communes with highly classified vinyeyards:
- St Estephe
- Paulliac
- Saint Julien
- Margaux

Includes all but one of the chateaus from the 1855 Classification

Cab Sauv (with merlot and cab franc)
Left Bank
1. Medoc

2. Haut Medoc (including commune ACs of St Estephe, Paulliac, St Julien, Margaux)

3. Graves (including commune ACs of - Pessac-Leognan, Sauternes, Barsac)
Right Bank
St Emilion (St Emilion satellites and St Emilion Grand Cru)

Pomerol
Fronsac
Cotes de Bourg
Premieres Cotes de Blaye

Mostly Merlot and Cab Franc.. some malbec
Between the Garonne and theDordogne
Entree-Deux-Mers: Semillon, Sauv Blanc

Permieres Cotes de Bordeaux - Merlot, Cab Sauv, Cab Franc
1855 Classification of the Medoc
First Growths/Premiers Crus

- Ch. Haut Brion (one wine from outside the medoc to be included: Pessac-Leognan)
- Ch Latour
- Ch Lafite-Rothschild
- Ch Mouton-Rothschild (2nd growth until 1973)
- Ch Margaux
Premier Cru in Sauternes
Ch d'Yquem
1955 Classification of Saint-Emilion
Possibility of promotion/demotion every 10 yrs

Saint Emilion Grand Cru AC
includes:
Grand Cru
Grand Cru Classe
Premier Grand Cru Classe
Describe the wines of Pomerol AC
Right bank

Reputation as high as that of St Emilion, higher prices, small estates = rare wines

Petrus and Le Pin = famous vineyards

Merlot and Cab Franc
What is the most widely planted varietal in Bordeaux
Merlot
Describe the wines of Pomerol AC
Right bank

Reputation as high as that of St Emilion, higher prices, small estates = rare wines

Petrus and Le Pin = famous vineyards

Merlot and Cab Franc
What is the most widely planted varietal in Bordeaux
Merlot