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22 Cards in this Set

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Estates
Before the revolution, French society was divided into three classes. The Clergy(1st estate),the nobles (2nd estate)and the townspeople(3rd estate)
Bourgeoisie
French middle class, including merchants,industrialists, and professional people-
supported the revolution.
Tennis Court oath
The 3rd Estate in France cme together for a meeting to discuss their government reforms. Finding their assigned meeting hall locked, they moved to a nearby venue. Here an agreement was made that they would remain assembled until a french constitution was written.
Bastille
an armory and prison in paris
On July 14, 1789, an outraged group of Parisians stormed the Bastille and dismantled it. Louis XVI and his royal authority had collapsed. Set the French Revolution in motion.
Declaration of the rights of men
Adopted by National assembly. Inspired by American Declaration of Independence and Constitution. charter of basic liberties began with an affirmation of "the natural and imprescriptible rights of man" to "liberty,property, security, and resistance to oppression." proclaim freedom and equal rights to all men, access to public office based on talent, and an end to taxation. All citizens were to have the right to take part in making the laws. Fredom of speech and press was affirmed.
National Assembly
To fix Francis' finacial problems most members of the third estate wanted to set up a constitutional gov. to do away with tax exemptions of the clergy and nobility. when the Esates General met the voting was lopsided because the 1st and 2nd estates together could out vote the third. The third estates wanted each deputy to have a vote and had hoped with the addition of a few clergy and clerics it would have majority vote. The King Louis refused. So the third estates on June 17,1789 called itself a National Assembly.
Also,met in Versailles, destroyed the relics of feudalism, or aristocratic privleges.
Great Fear
After the fall of Bastille, popular revolutions broke out throughout France, both in the city and countryside. A growing hatered of the entire landholding system, with fees and obligations.
Peasants rebellions took place throughout France and became part of the Great Fear-a panic that quickly spread in through France in 1789. Citizens feared invasion from foreign troops that would support French Monarchy, formed militias.
Parris Commune
radical political groups in paris that organized a mob attack on the royal palace and Legislative Assembly. Took king captive and forced the the Legislative Assembly to suspend the monarchy and call for a National Convention, chosen on the basis of universal male suffrage, to decide on the nation';s future form ogf gov.(all adult males have the right to vote.)
San-Culottes
ordinary patriots without clothes. Wore long trousers insted of knee legnth breeches.
Jacobins
large network of political groups throughtout france who wanted to make radical changes, murdered members of Monarchy and Louis XVI and successfully prevented invasions from neighboring monarchies.
Gullotine
a wooden frame with a blade used to cut heads off
Commitee of Public Saftey
In order to meet both the domestic and foreign crisis, the National Convention in 1793 gave broad powers to this comittee. Dominated at first by George Danton, then by Maximilien Robespierre. they were so committed to establishing a country were the Rights of Man were respected, in the process they trampled over the rights of everyone in sight, including their own people. It was blind ti patriotism. Everyone opposing the revolution was executed.
Reign of Terror
The Committee of Public safety , under the leadership of Maximilien de Robespierre, began this reign of terror in which those suspected of opposing the revolution were executed. 40,000 ppl were killed, 16,000 under the guillotine. Peasants and persons who opposed the san-culottes were among the victims.
Directory
Elected by Coucil of Elders, 5directors to act as the executive committee. The Directory with the legislature ruled. the time under the Directory(1795-1799) was one of corruption. Political royalists wanted the monarchy back and plotted against the Directory. Unable to solve country's economic problems. Beaten by Russia and Austria in war, and overthrown by Napoleon Bonaparte.
coup d'etat
1799,sudden overthrow of the gov’t led by napoleon. Napoleon seized power.
Consulate
government established in France after the overthrow of the directory in 1799, with Napoleon as first consul in control of the entire government.
Continental system
Napoleon used to stop british goods from reaching the european continent in hopes of weakening european economy. Failed because Allied states di dnot like that they could not trade with British. New Markets set up in East and Latin America opening new outlets for British goods.
Battle of Trafalgar
The British had superior sea power.The British navy's defeat of a combined French-Spanish fleet at Trafalgar in 1805 destroyed any hopes of Napoleon's invasion of Britain.
Nationalism
unique cultural idenity of a people based on common language, relegion, and national symbols.
elba
island off the coast of tuscany where napoleon was sent into exile
waterloo
In Belgium on June 18,1815 Napoleon met a british and prussian army under the Duke of Wellinton, and was defeated.
St. Helena
a small island in the south atlantic, where napoleon was exiled after Waterloo.