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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
agencement
m. arrangement, fitting together, ordering
ambiguïté
f. vagueness in use of words; expression of multiple meanings by simple words or phrases
archétype
m. a collectively inherited unconscious idea, pattern of thought, image, etc., universally present in individual psyches
cadre
n. background
milieu
m. background
décor
m. background
contexte
m. the totality of which the text under examination is a part; by extension, the surrounding circumstances of all sorts
dénouement
m. resolution of a play, or, by extension, a story
durée
f. time, duration, sometimes used to mean subjectively significant time, as opposed to mere chronological or "clock" time
écoulement
m. flow, time concieved as a continuum
chef-d'œvre
m. (pl. chefs-d'œvre) masterpiece
comparaison
f. simile, the simplest of analogical constructions, always with two terms, and using a word like comme or tel
lieu commun
m. a commonplace, banality, platitude
mœurs
f. pl. manners, customs, as in a "novel of manners"; morals
monologue intérieur
m. the reproduction of a character's unspoken inner thoughts
motif
m. a type of character, verbal pattern, or situation that recurs regularly in literature, art, or folklore; motive
point culminant
m. climax
nouvelle
f. a fictional form of intermediate length, shorter than a novel, longer than a short story.
œuvre
m. works of a writer as a whole; f. a literary work; f. pl. works of a writer
optique
f. perspective or point of view
ouvrage (littéraire)
m. a piece of work
stance
f. stanza
style indirect libre
m. an internalization of the narrative, it approximates the point of view of a fictional character while retaining some of the detachment of the third person and avoiding the formality of indirect discourse
synesthésie
f. faculty of responding with two or more senses when only one sense is being stimulated; in literature the term is applied when one kind of sensation is described in terms of another, for example, odor is attributed to colors, sound to odors, etc.
rapport
m. relationship
réalisme
m. writing characerized by extremely faithful attention to familiar, everyday, unpicturesque physical detail rendered in a matter-of-fact and seemingly unselective way. Written as Réalisme it referes to a movement in the French novel, at its height between 1850 and 1865.
retour en arrière
m. flashback
rime
f. identity of sounds (of the vowel and of whatever consonants follow the vowel) in the final accented syllable of two or more words
rime féminine
f. a rhyme involving words ending in a mute e, -es, or the verbal ending -ent
rime masculine
f. a rhyme involving words with endings other than mute e, -es, or the verbal ending -ent
romancier
m. novelist
romantisme
m. term applied to the general disposition toward life and art of the Romantic school in the first half of the 19th century. Literature became a direct expression of man's senses and emotions, nature was seen as a reflection of man's inner world; the conventions governing classical literature were rejected as too rigid to allow the expression of fresh feelings and sensations, the exploration of new subject matter.