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155 Cards in this Set

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when are direct object pronouns NOT placed directly before the first verb?
when its the direct object of an infinitive, and in the "aller" form future
when does the verb agree with the direct object pronoun?
in the passe compose
what do you add to the typical imparfait endings and in what cases?
verbs ending in -ger, add an e except in nous and vous forms
ex. mangeais
verbs ending in -cer change a c to a cedille "
ex. commencais
when do you use savoir, and what is its conjugation?
savoir means to know how to do something, and you use it before a verb.

je sais nous savons
tu sais vous savez
il sait ils savent
when do you use connaitre, and what is its conjugation?
connaitre means to be familiar with a person, place, or thing, and you use it before a noun.

je connais nous connaissons
tu connais vous connaissez
il connait ils connaissent

*note: in the il form, you put a circomflexe above the i.
conjugation and meaning of devoir
devoir-to have to; must

je dois nous devons
tu dois vous devez
il doit ils doivent

pas participle: du (circomflexe above u)
conjugation and meaning of pouvoir
pouvoir-to be able to; can

je peux nous pouvons
tu peux vous pouvez
il peut ils peuvent

past participle: pu
conjugation and meaning of vouloir
vouloir: to want

je veux nous voulons
tu veux vous voulez
il veut ils veulent

past participle: voulu
what does devoir mean with a direct object
to owe
what does devoir mean in the imparfait?
supposed to
what does vouloir mean, followed by dire
to mean
what does vouloir bien mean
it expresses willingness
what does vouloir mean in the p.c., in negative sentences?
refused to
what does pouvoir mean in the p.c., with an infinitive?
managed to do something
what is the order of double object pronouns?
me le
te before la lui
nous l' before leur
vous les
when do double object pronouns not come directly before the first verb?
in infinitive construction, and in the future "aller" tense
what changes for dbl. object pronouns in command form?
me and te become moi and toi
ex. show them to me!
Montrez-les-moi!
what is the typical conjugation for a reflexive verb?
se laver

je me lave nous nous lavons
tu te laves vous vous lavez
il se lave ils se lavent
to brush one's teeth/hair
se brosser les dents/cheveux
to do one's hair
se coiffer
se coucher
to go to bed
se deshabiller

(accent aigu above the first e)
to undress
to go to sleep
s'endormir
s'habiller
to get dressed
se laver
to wash oneself
to get up
se lever

(there is an accent grave above the first e except in nous and vous forms)
to put on makeup
se maquiller
se raser
to shave
se regarder
to look at oneself
se reveiller

(accent aigu above first e)
to wake up
to dry oneself
se secher

(the accent aigu above the first e changes direction in all forms except for nous and vous)
se raser
to shave
se regarder
to look at oneself
se reveiller

(accent aigu above first e)
to wake up
to dry oneself
se secher

(the accent aigu above the first e changes direction in all forms except for nous and vous)
what do you do in negative reflexive commands?
Ne te reveille pas!
as opposed to...
Reveille-toi!
to play; to have fun
s'amuser
to be called
and conjugation
s'appeler

je m'appelle
tu t'appelles
il s'appelle
nous nous appelons
vous vous appelez
ils s'appellent
to stop
s'arreter

(circumflexe above first e)
to sit down
and conjugation
s'asseoir

je m'assieds
tu t'assieds
il s'assied
nous nous asseyons
vous vous asseyez
ils s'asseyent

past particple:assis
to hurry
se depecher
(accent aigu above 1st e, and circomflexe above 2nd e)
to relax
se detendre
(accent aigu above 1st e)
to argue (with)
se disputer (avec)
to get upset
s'enerver
(accent aigu above 1st e)
to get bored
and conjugation
s'ennuyer

je m'ennuie
tu t'ennuies
il s'ennuie
nous nous ennuyons
vous vous ennuyez
ils s'ennuient
to get along well with
s'entendre bien (avec)
to worry
s'inquieter
(accent grave on all forms except nous and vous-accent aigu)
to be interested in
s'interesser (a)
(accent aigu on 1st e)
to begin to
se mettre (a)
to become angry
se mettre en colere
(accent grave in colere)
to take car of; to keep oneself busy
s'occuper (de)
to get ready
se preparer

accent aigu on 1st e
to take a walk
and conjugation
se promener
accent grave on boot forms
to realize
se rendre compte
to rest
se reposer
to remember
and conjugation
se souvenir
conjugated like venir
to be mistaken
se tromper
to be located
se trouver
what verb do you use with all reflexive verbs?
etre
where do you place the reflexive pronoun in the p.c.
before the auxiliary verb

ex. elles se sont disputes.
when does the past participle agree with the subject in reflexive verbs?
when the verb isn't followed by a direct object
what are the rules for direct object pronuns in reflexive p.c.?
put the pronoun btwn. the reflexive part and the auxiliary verb

make the past participle agree with the direct object pronoun

ex.Elle se les est casses.
where do you place y and en?
in btwn. subject and 1st verb

ex. Nous y allons.
when do you use y?
when you are replacing a phrase with a place or with any form of a
(au, a la, aux,)
when do you use en?
when you are replacing a phrase with a noun, or when using any form of de
(de la, du, des)
allumer
to turn on
to dial a number
composer un numero
to start up
demarrer
accent aigu on 1st e
to erase
effacer
to turn off
eteindre
accent aigu on 1st e
etre connecte avec
to be online with
etre en ligne avec
to be on a line with (internet or phone)
to close
fermer
fontionner
to function
to record; to burn
graver
to record
enregistrer
to print
imprimer
to save
sauvegarder
to surf the internet
surfer sur internet
to download
telecharger
accent aigus above 1st two e
CD-ROM
un CD-ROM
email
un e-mail
file
un fichier
video game
un jeu video
accentaigu on e of video
software
un logiciel
password
un mot de passe
home page
une page d'accueil
web site
un site web
digital camera
un appareil photo numerique
accent aigu on 1st e of n.
CAMCORDER
un camescope
accent aigu on 1st e
tv channel
une chaine
circomflexe on i
stereo system
une chaine stereo
circomflexe on i
accent aigus on e of stereo
DVD player
un lecteur de DVD
tape recorder
un magnetophone
accent aigu on 1st e
fax machine
un fax
CD system
un lecteur de CD
cell phone
un portable
moniter
un moniteur
screen
un ecran
accent aigu on e
the thing that runs the computer
un disque dur
keyboard
un clavier
mouse
une souris
printer
une imprimante
portable cd player
un baladeur CD
CD
des CD
VHS player
un magnetoscope
accent aigu on 1st e
VHS tape
une videocassette
accent aigu on 1st e
TV
un poste de television
or
une tele
accent aigus on e of tele
remote control
une telecommande
accent aigus on e of tele
answering machine
un repondeur telephonique
accent aigus on 1st e of bothe words
le telephone
accent aigus on 2 e
telephone
adorer

p (for preposition)
X
aimer

p
X
aller

p
X
detester
accent aigu on 1st e
p
X
devoir

p
X
esperer
accent aigu on 1st e
to hope
p
X
pouvoir

p
X
preferer
accent aigus on 1st two e
p
X
savoir

p
X
vouloir

p
X
aider

p
a
s'amuser

p
a
apprendre

p
a
arriver
to manage to
p
a
commencer

p
a
continuer

p
a
hesiter
accent aigu on 1st e
p
a
se preparer
accent aigu on 1st e
p
a
reussir
accent aigu on 1st e
to succeed
p
a
arreter
circomflexe above 1st e
p
de
decider
accent aigu on 1st e
p
de
eviter
accent aigu on 1st e
to avoid
p
de
finir

p
de
s'occuper
to take care of; to see to
p
de
oublier

p
de
permettre

p
de
refuser

p
de
rever
circomflexe on 1st e
to dream about
p
de
venir

p
de
to adore one another
s'adorer
to help one another
s'aider
to love one another
s'aimer
to know one another
se connaitre
circonflexe on i
to tell one another
se dire
to give one another
se donner
to write one another
s'ecrire
accent aigu on 1st e
to kiss one another
s'embrasser
to get along well with one another
s'entendre bien
to speak to one another
se parler
to leave one another
se quitter
to look at one another
se regarder
to meet one another (to make an aquaintance)
se rencontrer
to meet one another (planned)
se retrouver
to phone one another
se telephoner