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29 Cards in this Set

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What is the difference between the relative pronouns "qui" and "que"?
QUI: used as a subject, usually followed by a verb

QUE: used as an object, usually followed by a subject and a verb
What is the superlative that means the best; when modifying verbs? when modifying people/things?
le mieux (adverb)

le/la meilleur(e) (adjective)
What are the 4 reasons for using the verb savoir?
1. to know how to do something
2. to know how to speak a language
3. to know facts
4. followed by a clause beginning with que, ou`, pourquoi, etc.
What are the 4 reasons for using the verb connai^tre?
1. to express knowing people
2. to know/be familiar with a place or topic
3. to have met or known someone (P.C.)
4. to recognize
Conjugate connai^tre.
je connais
tu connais
il connai^t
nous connaissons
vous conaissez
ils conaissent

j'ai connu
Conjugate savoir.
je sais
tu sais
il sait
nous savons
vous savez
il savent

j'ai su
How do you use the verb "mettre" in a negative imperative statement? (when replacing a noun)
- before verb
- ne le mettez pas
How do you use the verb "mettre" in a positive imperative statement? (when replacing a noun)
- after verb
- mettez-le
Conjugate mettre.
je mets
tu mets
il met
nous mettons
vous mettez
ils mettent

j'ai mis
How do you say "as soon as" in French?
De`s que + (future tense)
How do you express the future based on present conditions? (if.. then statement)
[Si + present] ... [subject + future verb]
List all DIRECT object pronouns.
me
te
le, la, l'
nous
vous
les
List all INDIRECT object pronouns.
me
te
lui
nous
vous
leur
List all TONIC pronouns.
moi
toi
lui/elle/soi
nous
vous
eux/elles
When are tonic pronouns used? (4)
1. after prepositions (avec eux, chez elle, pour toi)
2. used for emphasis (moi, je veux..)
3. used after c'est/ce sont (*ce sont is only used with eux/elles)
4. used as a question or an answer (vous aussi? moi!)
What does "ne.. rien" mean?
nothing
What does "ne.. personne" mean?
no one
Rien and personne may both be used as the _______ of a sentence. In this case, both parts of the expression _______ the verb.

Rien ne lui e'tait familier.
subject; precede
Can rien and personne both be used to answer a question?
yes

Personne n'est venu = no one came
Rien ne peut m'aider = nothing can help me
What are the placement rules for "ne.. rien" in the P.C. and future proche?
SUB + ne + AUX verb + rien + P.P.
Thomas n'a rien mange'.

SUB + ne + aller + rien + infinitive
Il ne va rien boire.
What are the placement rules for "ne.. personne" in the P.C. and future proche?
SUB + ne + AUX verb + P.P. + personne
Thomas n'a vu personne.

SUB + ne + aller + infinitive + personne
Il ne va voir personne.
What does "ne.. plus" mean?
no longer, no more
What does "ne.. jamais" mean?
never
What are 4 commonly used negative expressions?
1. ne.. rien
2. ne.. personne
3. ne.. jamais
4. ne.. plus
In simple tenses, the _______ follows the _______.
( verb, adverb )
In simple tenses, the ADVERBS follow the VERB.
In compound tenses, some short/common adverbs are placed between the verb and the past participle. Name as many of these as you can.
bien, beaucoup, de'ja`, jamais, mal, mieux, moins, souvent, toujours, trop, vite, encore

Elle a beaucoup parle'.
Adverbs of place and certain adverbs as time usually follow the past participle. Name 6.
hier, auhourd'hui, demain, autrefois, tard, adverbs ending in -ment

Il est parti tard.
Adverbs of time can appear at the beginning of a sentence, vrai ou faux?
VRAI

Demain nous partions.
The adverb that modifies an infinitive can be placed...
... before or after the verb.