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69 Cards in this Set

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Adjectives
To make an adjective feminine, most simply add an -e.
To make most adjectives plural, add an -s.
The -s remains silent.
Most adjectives appear after the noun, but a small subset of common adjectives, frequently for beauty, age, goodness and size
Exceptions
-eux to -euse
beau to belle
-ien to -ienne
-f to -ve
Meaning of adjectives bases on its position relative to the noun
mon ancienne maison vs. ma maison ancienne
ma propre maison vs. ma maison propre
Masculine adjectives that end in -e
the feminine form is the same
If an adjective ends in -é or any other vowel in the masculine
Add an -e to form the feminine. This does not change the pronunciation of the word.
beau
belle
beautiful
nouveau
nouvelle
new
vieux
vielle
old
blanc
blanche
white
bon
bonne
good
ancien
ancienne
ancient
jeune
young
petit
small
grand
tall, big
blond
blond
brun
dark-haired
anglais
English
mauvais
bad
rustique
country-style
joli
pretty
confortable
comfortable
When a masculine noun or adjective ending in a silent consonant adds an e to the feminine form
the preceding consonant is pronounced.
français
française
French
étudiant
étudiante
Masculine words ending in a nasal vowel
lose the nasal vowel when the feminine ending -e is added and sound the proceding consonant
américain
américaine
American
Masculine adjectives ending in -eux
change to -euse in the feminine
heureux
heureuse
happy, lucky, fortunate
merveilleux
merveilleuse
wonderful, excellent
parisien
parisienne
Parisian
Masculine forms ending in -er
(sounded é)
change to -ère (sounded è + r) in the feminine.
premier
première
first, former (of two)
étranger
étrangère
foreign
Irregular feminine adjectives
Most feminine forms of adjectives end in -e.
Some adjectives, however, are irregular in the feminine form.
These irregular adjectives change their endings in a number of ways.
-ive
-euse
-elle
-if
-ive
actif
active
active
vif
vive
alive
créatif
créative
creative
-eux
-euse
nombreux
nombreuse
numerous
-el
-elle
naturel
naturelle
natural
tel
telle
such
exceptionnel
exceptionnelle
exceptional
doux
douce
soft
épais
épaisse
thick
gentil
gentille
nice
frais
fraîche
fresh
long
longue
long
sec
sèche
dry
Some irregular adjectives have two irregular forms
one for the feminine and one for the masculine singular, if the word it directly precedes begins with a vowel or a mute h.
vieux
le vieux document
masculine singular
le vieil architecte
masculine singular
vieille
feminine singular
vieux plural
les vieux livres
masculine plural
les vieilles rues
feminine plural
beau
le beau jardin
masculine singular
le bel ĥotel
masculine singular
belle
feminine singular
beau the plural?
les beaux livres
masculine plural
les belles maisons
feminine plural
nouveau
le nouveau livre
masculine singular
le nouvel ami
masculine singular
nouvelle
feminine singular
nouveau plural?
les nouveaux amis
masculine plural
nouvelles
feminine plural
Irregular Masculine Plural Adjectives
Masculine singular adjectives ending in -al have a plural in -aux.
Masculine singular adjectives ending in -s or -x do not change in the plural.
international
internationaux
masculine plural
international
régional
régionaux
masculine plural
regional
français
français
masculine plural
French
doux
doux
masculine plural
mild
heureux
heureux
masculine plural
happy
sensationnel
sensationelle
sensational, fantastic
sportif
sportive
feminine singular
athletic
intérresant
intérresante
feminine singular
interesting
amusant
amusante
feminine singular
lent
lente
feminine singular
intérresant plural?
intérresants
masculine plural
intérresantes
feminine plural