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445 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a- or an-
without
ab-
away from
ad-
towards
allo-
other
ante-
before or in front of
anti-, ana-
against
auto-
self
bi- or bin- or di-
two or double or twice
brachy-
short
brady-
slow
circum-
around
contra-
opposite or against
dia-
complete or through or across
dorsi-
back
dys-
abnormal or difficult or painful
end- or endo-
within or inner
epi-
upon or over or above
eu-
normal or good
ex-
out or away from
hemi-
half
hetero-
different
hydro-
water
hyper-
excessive or above normal or above
hypo-
deficient or below normal or below
in-
in or within or not
infra-
under or beneath or below
inter-
between
intra-
within or inside
ipsi-
same
macro-
large
meta-
beyond or change
micro-
small
mono- or mon- or uni-
one
multi-
many
neo-
new
nulli-
none
par-
beside or beyond or near or two parts of a pair
par- or para-
beside or beyond or near or two parts of a pair
per-
through
peri-
around
poly-
many
post-
after
pre- or pro
before or in front of
pro-
before or in front of
pseudo-
false
quad- or quadri-
four
retro-
backward or behind
semi-
partial or half
sub-
under or beneath or less than normal
syn-
together
tachy-
rapid or fast
-tele
distant or end
trans-
through or across
tri-
three
ultra-
beyond or excess
abdomin/o
abdomen
aden/o
gland
adenoid/o
adenoids
adenoid/o
adenoids
adip/o
fat
alveol/o
alveoli
an/o
anus
aneurysm/o
aneurysm
angi/o*
blood vessel or lymph vessel
ankyl/o
stiff joint
anter/o
front
aort/o
aorta
append/o*
appendix
appendic/o*
appendix
appendicul/o
limb or small attached part
arter/o*
artery
arteri/o*
artery
arthr/o
joint
arthr/o
joint (where two bones meet)
atel/o
incomplete
ather/o
fatty plaque
atri/o
atrium
axi/o
axis
axill/o
armpit
bi/o
life
brachi/o
arm
bronch/o
bronchus*
bronchi/o
bronchus*
bucc/o
cheek
bucc/o
cheek
burs/o
bursa
calcane/o
heel or heel bone
calcane/o
heel bone (the calcaneus, the heel bone of the tarsus)
carcin/o
cancer
card/i
heart
cardi/o
heart
cardi/o or card/i
heart
carp/o
wrist
carp/o
wrist (carpus: a collective term for 8 carpal bones)
caud/o
tail
cauter/o
burn
cec/o
cecum
cellul/o
cell
cephal/o
head
cervic/o
neck
cheil/o
lip
chem/o
chemical
chol/e
bile or gall
cholangi/o
bile vessel (any of the vessels that transport bile from the from liver or gall bladder to small intestine)
cholecyst/o
gallbladder
choledoch/o
common bile duct
chondr/o
cartilage
cirrh/o
yellow
clavicul/o
collarbone (clavicle: a curved bone that articulates with the sternum and scapula)
coagul/o
clotting
coccyg/o
tailbone (coccyx: the small bone at the base of the spinal column)
col/o*
colon
colon/o*
colon
congenit/o
present at birth
coron/o
heart or encircling structure
cost/o
rib
crani/o
cranium
crani/o
cranium (the portion of the skull that contains the brain)
crur/o
leg
cry/o
cold
cutane/o
skin
cyan/o
blue
cyan/o
blue
cyt/o
cell
dactyl/o
finger or toe
derm/a
skin
dermat/o
skin
diaphragmat/o
diaphragm
diaphragmat/o
diaphragm
dist/o
away from
diverticul/o
diverticulum
dors/o or dors/i
back (dorsum)
dors/o or dors/i*
back (dorsum)
duct/o
bring or move
duoden/o
duodenum
ech/o
repeated sound
electr/o
electricity
embol/o
plug
enter/o
intestine or small intestine
enter/o
intestine or small intestines
epitheli/o
epithelium
erythemat/o
red
erythr/o
red (severe)
erythr/o
red
eschari/o
scab
esophag/o
esophagus
eti/o
causation
extens/o
straightening
fasci/o
fascia
fec/o
feces or stool
femor/o
thigh bone (femur, the bone extending from the hip to the knee)
fibr/o
fibers or fibrous tissue
fibul/o
fibula (the lateral bone of lower leg)
flex/o
bending
fluor/o
luminous (emitting light)
gastr/o
stomach
gastr/o
stomach
gingiv/o
gums
gloss/o
tongue
glute/o
buttock
goni/o
angle
hem/o
blood
hem/o
blood
hem/o*
blood
hemangi/o
blood vessel
hemangi/o*
blood vessel
hemat/o
blood
hemat/o*
blood
hepat/o
liver
hepat/o
liver
hidr/o
sweat
hist/o
tissue
home/o
sameness
humer/o
humerus (the upper arm bone)
iatr/o
treatment
ichthy/o
scaly and dry
idi/o
unknown or distinct
ile/o
ileum
ili/o
Ilium (the superior and widest bone of each half of the hipbone)
ili/o
ilium (superior part of each hip bone)
immun/o
immunity or immune or protection
immun/o
immune or immunity or protection
infer/o
below
inguin/o
groin
isch/o
deficiency or blockage
ischi/o
ischium (posterior part of each hipbone)
jejun/o
jejunum
kerato
hard or horny or cornea
kyph/o
bent or humped
labi/o
lip
lamin/o
lamina (part of a vertebra)
lapar/o
abdomen
lapar/o
abdomen
laryng/o
larynx
later/o
side
leiomy/o
smooth muscle
leuk/o
white
ligament/o
ligament
lingu/o
tongue
lip/o
fat
lipid/o
lipid
lith/o
stone
lob/o
lobe
lord/o
swayback
lumb/o
loin
lumb/o
loin (the loin is the lower part of back and sides between ribs and pelvis.
lymph/o
lymph
lymph/o
lymph
lymphangi/o
lymph vessel
malac/o
soft or softening
mandibul/o
lower jawbone (the mandible)
maxill/o
upper jawbone (the maxilla)
medi/o
middle
melan/o
black
menisc/o
meniscus
metacarp/o
metacarpus (the palm, formed by 5 metacarpal bones)
metatars/o
metatarsus (five bones that forms the instep of the foot)
morph/o
shape
muc/o
mucus
muc/o
mucus
muscul/o
muscle
muscul/o*
muscle
mut/a
genetic change
my/o
muscle
my/o*
muscle
myc/o
fungus
myel/o
bone marrow or spinal cord
myel/o
bone marrow or spinal cord
myocardi/o*
heart muscle
myos/o*
muscle
nas/o
nose*
necr/o
death
nephr/o
kidney
neur/o
nerve
neur/o
nerve
odont/o
teeth
onc/o
tumor
onych/o
nail
ophthalm/o
eye
or/o
mouth
or/o
mouth
orbit/o
eye socket
organ/o
organ
orth/o
straight
orth/o
straight, upright
osm/o
smell or odor
oste/o
bone
ot/o
ear
ox/o
oxygen
pancreat/o
pancreas
patell/o
kneecap
path/o
disease
pedicul/o
louse
pelv/o
pelvis
peps/o
digestion
perine/o
perineum
peritone/o
peritoneum
phag/o
eating or swallowing
phag/o
eating or swallowing
pharyng/o
pharynx (called throat)
pharyng/o
pharynx
pharyng/o
pharynx or throat
phil/o
tendency toward or attraction for
phleb/o*
vein
phon/o
sound or voice
plant/o
sole of foot
plasm/o
plasma
pleur/o
pleura
pleur/o
pleura
pneum/o
lung or air*
pneumon/o
lung or air*
polyp/o
polyp
poster/o
back part
proct/o
rectum and anus
proxim/o
near to the center or near to point of origin
prurit/o
itching
pulmon/o
lung
pulmon/o
lung*
py/o
pus
py/o
pus
pylor/o
pylorus
pyr/o
heat or fire
pyret/o
fever
radi/o
radiant energy
radi/o
radiant energy (the energy of electromagnetic waves, such as radio waves, infrared radiation, visible light, ultraviolet light, x-rays or gamma rays). Note, radi/o also means radius, a bone in the arm.
rect/o
rectum
rhabdomy/o
skeletal muscle
rhin/o
nose
rhin/o
nose*
rhytid/o
wrinkle
rrhythm/o
rhythm
sarc/o
flesh
scler/o
hard
seb/o
oil
ser/o
serum or serum-like fluid
sial/o
saliva
sialaden/o
salivary gland
sigmoid/o
sigmoid colon
sinus/o
sinus
somat/o
body
son/o
sound
sphygm/o
pulse
spin/o
spinal column or vertebral column or spine
spir/o
breathing
splen/o
spleen
spondyl/o
vertebra
steat/o
fat
sten/o
narrow
steth/o*
chest
super/o
above
synovi/o
synovial membrane
system/o
system
tars/o
ankle
ten/o**
tendon
tendin/o**
tendon
therm/o
heat
thorac/o
chest
thorac/o
thorax
thorac/o
chest
thromb/o
blood clot
thromb/o*
chest
thym/o
thymus
tom/o
a cut or section
tonsill/o
tonsil
tox/o
poison
trache/o
trachea
umbilic/o
navel (umbilicus)
valvul/o
valve
varic/o
dilated vein
vascul/o*
blood vessel
ventr/o
belly side or front
ventricul/o
ventricle
vertebr/o
vertebra
viscer/o
internal organ
vol/o
volume
xer/o
dry (not pathological)
-algia
pain
-apheresis
removal
-ase
enzyme
-capnia
carbon dioxide
-capnia
carbon dioxide
-cele
hernia or protrusion
-cele
hernia or protrusion
-centesis
puncture to withdraw fluid
-cise
cut
-clasia
surgical fracture
-crit
separate
-cyte
cell
-cythemia
condition involving cells of the blood
-cytosis
more than the normal number of cells
-derma
skin
-desis
binding or fixation
-dynia
pain
-ectasis
expansion or dilation
-ectomy
excision
-edema
swelling
-emesis
vomit
-emia
blood condition (add this suffix creates a noun)
-emic
relating to blood
-emic
relating to blood (add this suffix creates an adjective)
-gen
that which produces (adding this suffix creates a noun, such as carcinogen, cancer that which produces)
-genesis
production or generation
-genesis
production or generation (adding this suffix creates a noun, such as carcinogenesis, cancer production)
-genic
producing (adding this suffix creates an adjective, such as a carcinogenic substance, a cancer producing substance)
-globin
protein
-globin**, -globulin**
protein
-gnosis
knowing
-graft
transplantation
-gram
image, picture, recording
-graphy
process of recording
-ia
state or condition
-ion
action or condition
-ism
state of
-itis
inflammation (a response to injury or infection characterized by redness, pain, heat and swelling in the injured or infected area of the body)
-ization
process of
-ize
use or subject to
-kinesia
movement
-listhesis
slipping
-lithiasis
condition of stones
-logist
one who studies or specialist
-logy
study of
-lucent
clear or to shine
-lysis
separation or destruction (adding this suffix creates a noun, for example hemolysis, blood destruction)
-lytic
separating or destructing
-lytic
separating or destructing (adding this suffix creates an adjective, for example hemolytic, blood destructing, such as "hemolytic anemia")
-malacia
softening
-manometer
instrument to measure pressure
-megaly
enlargement, large
-meter
instrument for measuring
-metry
process of measuring
-metry
process of measuring
-ole
small
-oma
tumor or mass
-opaque
obscure
-opsy
view of
-opsy
view of
-orexia
appetite
-osis
abnormal condition or abnormal formation
-osmia
smell
-osmia
smell
-ostomy
surgical construction of a mouth or outlet
-ostomy
surgical construction of a mouth or outlet
-otomy
incision
-pathy
disease
-penia
abnormal decrease or deficiency
-pexy
surgical fixation
-phage
eating
-phobia
abnormal fear or aversion
-phylaxis
protect
-plakia
plate
-plasia
growth or formation
-plasm
growth or formation
-plastic
forming
-plastic
forming
-plasty
surgical repair or reshaping by surgery
-plegia
paralysis
-pnea
breathing
-pnea
breathing
-poiesis
formation
-poietin
one that forms
-porosis
porous
-prandial
meal
-ptosis
drooping
-ptysis
spitting
-rrhagia or -rrhage
profuse fluid discharge or excessive discharge
-rrhaphy
suturing
-rrhea
discharge or flow
-rrhea
discharge or flow
-rrhexis
rupture
-sclerosis
hardening
-scope
instrument for viewing or examination
-scope
instrument for viewing or examination
-scopy
process of using an instrument to visually examine
-stasis
standing still
-stenosis
narrowing
-stomy
surgical opening
-therapy
treatment
-thorax
chest
-tome
cutting instrument
-tripsy
surgical crushing
-tripsy
crushing
-trophy
development or nourishment
-ule
small
-um
adding "-um" to a word root creates a singular noun (example, adding "-um" to bacteri/o creates the singular noun bacterium)
-uria
urine condition or urination