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23 Cards in this Set

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Bone is bent on one side and has incomplete fracture on opposite side
Greenstick
Fine crack in which sections of bone remain aligned; common in skull.
Hairline
Bone is broken into three or more pieces.
Comminuted
The portions of a fractured bone are out of anatomical alighnment.
Displaced
One bone fragment is driven into the medullary space or spongy bone of the other.
Impacted
Fracture of the distal end of the radius and ulna; common in osteoporosis.
Colles
Fracture at the distal end of the tibia, fibula, or both; a common sports injury.
Pott
A break in a bone weakened by some other disease, such as bone cancer or osteoporosis, usually caused by a stress that would not normally fracture a bone.
A Pathologic Fracture
A break caused by abnormal trauma to a bone, sucy as fractures incurred in falls, athletics, and military combat.
A Stress Fracture
The four steps in healing of fractures.
1. Hematoma Formation
2. Formation of granulation tissue
3. Callus formation
4. Remodeling
Defective mineralization of bone in children, usually as a result of insufficient sunlight or vitamine D.
Rickets
Adult form of rickets, most common in poorly nourished women who have had multiple pregancies.
Osteomalacia
Excessive proliferation of osteoclasts and resorption of excess bone, with osteoblasts attempting to compensate by depositing extra bone.
Paget disease (Osteitis deformans)
Inflammation of osseous tissue and bone marrow as a result of bacterial infection.
Osteomyelitis
Loss of bone mass, especially spongy bone, usually as a result of lack of exercise or a deficiency of estrogen after memopause.
Osteoporosis
Painful overstretching of a tendon or muscle without serious tissue damage.
Strain
Torn ligament or tendon, sometimes with damage to a meniscus or other cartilage.
Sprain
Broad term for any pain in the supportive and locomotory organs of the body, including bones, ligaments, tendons and muscles.
Rheumatism
Broad term embracing more than 100 types of joint rheumatism.
Arthritis
A hereditary disease, most common in men, in which uric acid crystals accumulate in the joints and irritate the articular cartilage and synovial membrane.
Gout
Inflammation of a bursa, usually due to over exertion of a joint.
Bursitis
A form of bursitis in which a tendon sheath is inflamed.
Tendinitis
Can cause moderate intermittent facial pain, clicking sounds in the jaw, limitaion of jaw movement and in some people, more serious symptoms - severe headaches, vertigo, tinnitius, and pain radiation from the jaw down the neck, shoulders, and back.
TMJ Syndrome
Caused by a combination of psychological tension and malocclusion (misalignment of teeth). Treatment may involve psychologica management, physical therapy, analgesic and anti-infammatory drugs, and sometimes corrective dental appliacnes to align the teeth.