Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/79

Click to flip

79 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
reason we have theories
to conceptualize on some aspect fo nursing communicated for the purpose of describing , explaining, predicting, and/or prescribing nursing care.
grand theories
broad scoped & complex. They require further specification through research.
middle-range theories
less abstract, and address specific phenomena or concepts and reflect practice.
Descriptive theories
first level of theory development. they describe phonomena, speculate on why phenomena occur, and describe consequences of phenomena. Do not direct nursing activities, but may help to explain client assesment.
Prescriptive theories
address nursing interventions and predict the consequence of a specific nursing intervention. Guide & nursing research to develop & test specific nursing interventions.
Peplau
develop interaction between nurse and client
Henderson
assist client in gaining independence asap & regain strength
Abdellah
to provide service to indiviual, family & society by being kind, caring, intellegent, competent, & technically prepared
Rogers
maintain & promote health, prevent illness
Orem
help client attain total self care.
King
use communication to help reestablish positive adaptation to environment
Neuman
assist individuals, families, and groups in attaining and maintaining maximal level of total wellness by purposeful interventions
Leininger
provide care w/ nursings emerging sciences
Roy
ID types of demands placed on client, assess adaptation to demands, and help client adapt
Watson
Promote health restore client to health and prevent illness
Brunner & Wrubel
focus on clients need for caring as a means of coping with stressors of illness
Nightengale
to facilitate the body's reparative process by manipulating clients environment.
Virulence
ability to produce disease
Vehicle
mode of transmission via an object
sanguineous
containing red blood cells
purulent
containing WBCs and bacteria
serous
clear
50-70%
normal neutrophil adult value
Lymphocytes
20-40%
Monocytes
2-8%
1-4% and .5 - 1%
Eosinophil and Basophil normal adult count
5000-10000 mm^3
WBC normal count adult
medical asepsis
clean technique: hand washing, using gloves, & cleaning environment.
disinfection
elimination of many or all microorganisms with exception of spores
sterilization
complete elimination of microbes & spores via steam pressure, ETO gas, hydrogen peroxide plasma & chemicals
effleurage
a massage associtated with a reduction in heart rate & respiratory rate.
Stomatitis
mouth infection
How to shave a patient
pull skin taught, use firm short strokes in direction of hair growth.
transduction
begins in periphery when a pain producing stimulus sends an inpulse across a pain nerve energy is converted to electrical energy
nociceptor
nerve fiber
transmission
transfer of electrical energy to brain
analgesics
most common method of pain relief, fear of addiction when used. 3 types nonsteroidal anti inflammatory (NSAIDS), opioids (narcotics), adjuvants.
adjuvants
drugs with alagesic properties that were not originally developed to relieve pain.
regional anesthesia
recieved through an injection.
Local anesthesia
used in breif surgical procedures ie, stitches.
yin and yang
opposing yet completmentary phenomena that exist in a state of equilibrium.
5th vital sign
pain
Qi
vital energy of the human body
meridians
how energy runs through body
status epilepticus
continuous seizures
crutches
have to be fitted perfectly to avoid pinching of nerves
strong side
which side cane goes on.
body mechanics
knowledge of actions of various muscle groups, knowing the factors involved in coordination of body movement & familiarity w/ fucntion of skeletal, muscular, and nervous system.
ADLs
activities of daily living
body alignment
relationship of one body part to another body part along a horizontal or vertical line.
Center of gravity
balance over a wide, stable base of support and a vertical line falls from the center of gravity through the base of support.
Isotonic contraction
cause muscle contraction & change in muscle length
Isometric contraction
tightening of muscles w/out movement
Antagonistic muscles
bring movement at the joint
synergistic muscles
contract to accomplish the same movement
antigravity muscles
involved with joint stabilization
proprioception
awareness of the position of body & its parts
hemiplegia
paralysis on one side of the body
purpose of nclex
to determine competency level
board of nursing purpose
to protect client
national league of nursing NLN
concerned with improvement of nursing education
sterile
What type of environment does intramuscular injection require?
blood and fecal matter
how is hepatitis A spread
gating mechanism for pain
closing the gate is basis for pain management via physiology, emotional and cognitive processes
histamines
relased during pain response
neuropathy
loss of feeling
brush hair
release oil in hair
to give oral care to semi consious client
sideline patient
accupuncture is on principles of
pressure point & meridians
left side paralysis uses cane on
right side
sincopy
fainting
visceral pain
internal, pertaining to organs
how to clean stomatitis
use saline
chinese medicine
yin yang
basic precautions (standard procedures)
Gloves, masks, eye protection, face sheilds, hand hygene.
epidemiology
cause and effect
5 steps of nursing process
asses
diagnose
plan
implement
evaluate
nursing care plan
used to communicate individualized patient care
long term care
Resident Bill of rights is for