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17 Cards in this Set

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Axiology
A branch of philosophy that considers calues and ethics.
Epistemology
A branch of philosophy that examines questions of how we come to know what we know.
Existentialism
A traditional philosophy suggesting that humanity ins't part of an orderly universe, so individuals create their own existence in their own unique ways.
Idealism
A traditional philosophy asserting that, because the physical world is constantly changing, ideas are the only reliable form of reality.
Logic
A branch of philosophy that examines the processes of deriving valid conclusions from basic principles.
Metaphysics
A branch of philosophy that examines what we know; also called ontology.
Moral Education
An approach to developing morality that emphazises the develop,emt of students' moral reasoning but doesn't establish a preset list of values that learners should acquire. Compare character education.
Normative Philosophy
A description of the way something ought to be- for example, a description of the way educators ought to practice.
Perennialism
An educational philosophy suggesting that nature-inlcuding human nature- is constant, so education should focus on the classic intellectual pursuits that have endured throughout history.
Philosophy
A study of theories of nowledge, truth, exitence, and good.
Philosophy of Education
A type of philosophy that guides professional practice and provides a framework for thinking about educational issues.
Postmodernism
An educational philosophy that contends that many of the intitutions in our society, including schools, are used by those in power to control and marginalize those who lack power.
Pragmatism
A traditional philosophy that rejects the idea of absolute, unchanging truth, instead asserting that truth is what works.
Progressivism
An educational philosophy emphasizing curricula that focus on real-world problem solving and individual devlopment.
Realism
A traditional philosophy asserting that the features of the universe exist whether or not a human being is there to preceive them.
Standards
Statements specifying what students should know and what skills they should have upon completing an area of study.
Theory
A set of related principles that are based on observation and are used to explain additional observations.