Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
List common alternatives to bowel elimination? (5)
constipation, fecal impaction, distention, diarhhea, incontinence
dry hard stool that is not easily passed.
Identify Constipation by:
•the consistency of stool
•the effort in passing the stool
-related to dehydration, decreased activity, postsurgical ileus, inadequate dietary fiber
fecal impaction
a large or hard stool that cannot pass voluntarily. needs enem to soften stool and facilitate defacation
(flatulence)presence of air or gas in the intestinal tract. It may be caused by person consuming gas producing liquidds and foods such as carbonated beverages and cabbage or beans.
•urgent passage of watery stool
•accompanied by cramping
educating the patient about dietary measures, abdominal exercises, and physical activity
fecal incontinence
Fecal Incontinence
•inability to control stool elimination
What is an enema?
It is an intallation of a solution in the rectum and sigmoid colon. Cleansing enemas promote complete evacuation of feces from the colon by stimulating peristalsis through infusion of large volumes of solution.
What is the purpose of an enema?
-To remove feces when an individual is constipated or impacted
-To remove feces and cleanse the rectum in preparation for an examination
-To remove feces prior to a surgical procedure to prevent contamination of the surgical area
-To administer drugs or anesthetic agents.
SSE- soap suds enema
TWE- tap water enema
HYpertonic solution
a solution of higher osmotic pressure. Solutions pull fluid from the cells.
oil retention enema?
lubricates the rectum and colon, softens the feces, and facilitates defecation.
Harris Flush
a return-flow enema, used to expel flatus; alternating flow of fluid into and out of the large intestine stimulates peristalsis
List Nursing interventions for diagnostic exam preparation?
requisitions, client prep, explain the procedure, assist the physician
face sheet of specified diagnostic examination
Prepare patient for diagnostic examination by..?
The nurse MUST be prepared to answer questions for which the patient may need clarification. Patient may need to know whether nothing can be taken by mouth (NPO). Is a special room or equipment necessary for test? Rememebr, an informed patient will be much more cooperative.
Explanation of procedure
Explain to the patient the procedure of his or herdiagnostic examination.
Role of LVN in specimen collection; client teaching and colection of specimen
Consider patient's needs and ability to partake in collection of specimen. It might provoke anxiety, embarssment, or discomfort. Provide support for those who are fearful. Remember that children need a clear explanation of procedures. Wear gloves. Wash Hands. Collect specimen in appropriate container.
Role of LVN in specimen collection equipment
sterile cotton ball swabs, antiseptic, sterile specimen container with label, disposable gloves, requisition slip
Role of LVN in specimen collection; laeling
Remember to label appropriately with patient's id, and complete laboratory requisition form