Study your flashcards anywhere!
Download the official Cram app for free >
 Shuffle Toggle OnToggle Off
 Alphabetize Toggle OnToggle Off
 Front First Toggle OnToggle Off
 Both Sides Toggle OnToggle Off
 Read Toggle OnToggle Off
How to study your flashcards.
Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key
Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key
H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key
A key: Read text to speech.a key
39 Cards in this Set
 Front
 Back
The Inclusive Or. if I buy apples, then I buy either bananas or grapes.

A>B or G
notB and notG > not A 

The Exclusive Or (but not both). If I buy figs, then I will buy grapes or kiwi, but not both.

if F > exactly one of G or K
if notG and notK > notF ...................................... if not exactly one of G or K >not F 

If, but only if, statements.
Sally will buy R if, and only if, she buys S 
R <> S[RS]


if cherries, then no toffee

C > notT
T > not C 

No marshmallow unless toffee

if notT > notM
M > T 

The Exclusive "or","but not Both"...If I buy figs, then I will buy grapes or kiwi, but not both.

F > Exactly one of G or K
contraposed if Not Exactly one of G or K >not F 

"If, but only if"....Sally will buy raspberries if, and only if, she buys strawberries

[RS]


if cherries, then no toffee

if C > not T,
if T > not C 

No marshmallows unless toffee

If not T > not M,
if M > T 

Peanuts only if marshmallows

If P > M,
If not M > not P 

Only sundaes with sprinkles have marshmallows

If M > S,
If not S > M 

You cannot have both fudge and sprinkles

If F > not S,
If S > not F 

No fudge without cherries

If C > F,
If not F > not C 

No whipped cream, then sprinkles

If not W > S,
If not S > W 

Cherries if, but only if, whipped cream

[CW]


if P is chosen, then neither K nor L is chosen.

if P > not K and not L,
If K or L > not P 

When principle question is concerned, where might the principle be placed?

The test might put the broad principle in the stimulus or in the answer choices.


If A, then B

Translates to A—>B


Any A is B

Translates to A—>B


All A are B

Translates to A—>B


A only if/when B

Translates to A—–>B


Only B are A

Translates to A—–>B


No A unless B

Translates to A—>B


No A is B

Translates to A—>Not B


A unless B

Translates to Not B—>A


Neither A nor B is C

Translates to A or B–>Not C


C if B or if A

Translates to A or B—>C


A if, and only if B

Translates to A<—–>B


TRANSLATE: No ballerinas are clumsy

B > not C


TRANSLATE: If you are a ballerinia then you are not clumsy

B >not C


TRANSLATE: No apples are vegetables

V > notA


TRANSLATE: M if N or if O

N or O >M


I will go to the park unless I stay home.
This is the same as “I will go to the park if I do not stay home” or… 
I will go to the park unless I stay home.
This is the same as “I will go to the park if I do not stay home” or… IF Not Home then Park IF Not Park then Home 

Unless you apply the brakes, you will crash.

If Not Crash then Braked
If Not Braked then Crashed 

Unless you get a Job you will grow hungry

no Job > Hungry
Not Hungry > Job 

Unless you practice you will suck at golf forever

Not sucking at golf > then you practiced


If he is Good golfer then he must practice

Good Golfers > Practice


Without practice you will not become good golfer

Good Golfer then Practice
GoodGolfer >P 

All golfers good golfers practice, therefore, practice makes good golfer.

Good Golfer then Practice, therefore P
