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61 Cards in this Set

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sunnis
the traditionalists
--their practices are guided by the Quran and hadith. they also belong to one of the four schools of interpretation
Amaterasu
she is the daughter of a nagi from tears; the mother goddess of Japan
hijrah
the migration from Mecca to Medina
Epistles
letters
satori
sudden enlightenmnt
shikan
stopping and seeing
Pharisaic Sect
were living in exile and had to practice at home; purity of food...Rituals!
Conservative Judaism
scientific study of the Bible and rabbinical material
-vernacular is used more than Hebrew
**worship on Saturday mornig
- men cover their heads with yarmulke
-attempt to abide by the iblical and talmudic laws reg. food laws and Sabbath observance
talmud
combination of the gemara and mishnah. gemara dealt with every area of Jewish life.
* it contained two sections:
1. halachah
2. haggadah
Reform Judaism
simply stated that in 1843:
1. continuation in dev. of Judaism
2. Talmud has no authority over the modern jew
3. seek no messiah and know of no other homeland than the birthplace of jew

** kosher food laws more relaxed, more vernacular worship
**worship on Friday evenings
hasidism
follows the teachings of Baal Shem Tov:
teaches that God was not to be found in scholarly research in the bible r the talmud but in spimple heartfelt faith
zazen
practice of just sitting (discipline)
synagogue
"assembly"
can exist whereever there is a copy of the Torah and 10 adult Jewish males
* arose during Dispora when Jew could no longer worship in temples
Qumran Community
part of the Dead Sea Sect where animal sacrifice is done and there is spiritualization of religion
Muhammad
the messenger of Allah and the prophet of Islam
umma
the community; has 4 schools of interpretation
1. Hanifi'i
2. Malaki'i
3. Shafi'i
4. hanbali'i
sufi
form of muslim mysticism and have a great love of God
*includes "tariqua"
kami
protectors associated with clans; supernatural/mysterious; not associatd with myths or stories
zionism
pleading the case for a jewish state
Orthodox Judaism
[largest group withing judaism]
-strve to preserve traditional jewish culture and religion and resist the secularizing elements of modernity
-strict observance of the Sabbath (Fri. evening to Sat. sundown)
-women and men are seperated and must cover their heads
**hebrew language
shinto
"the way of the gods"
-religious nationalism
-aspects of animism and ancestor worship
- worshipful attitude toward the beuaties of the land
Ramadan
the holy month of prescribed fasting for the Muslims. It was during this month that the Quranic revelations began.
tea ceremony
ritualistic set of actions
malaki'i
consensus of the community
Eucharist
communion meal; models after Jesus' last meal with his disciples before his death
hanbali
emphasis on the Qu'ran
Mt. sinai
where moses received from God the laws by which Jews should abide
shari'ah
"law"
interpretations of the Qur'an
mono no aware
relationships with the kami is to write poetry/music to move people; artisitc pursuits become rituals to establish closeness to kami
shafi'ites
rejects all forms of opinion
hongaku
primordial enlightenment; everything in the world is already enlightened
ijma
concensus of the community
Reconstructionism
founder: mordecai M. Kaplan stated that;
not enough to practice judaism as a relig only but the entire Jewish culture should be studied and experienced
- support the state of Isreal as the home ofJewish culture
hafiites
they considered the opinions of Muslims leaders
Five Pillars of Islam
things that one must do to be a good muslim:
1. repetition of creed [shahadah]

2. Daily prayer 5x [salaht]
3. almsgiving [zakaht]
4. fasting [sawm]
5. pilgrimmage [hajj]
Quraysh
the most powerful and prominent tribe in all of Arabia in the Prophet's era. The Quraysh were the keepers of the Ka'bah and therefore one of the wealthiest and most powerful tribes. The Prophet was from among the Quraysh.
tariqua
"the awakening"
surah
"chapter"
soto
part of the zen bddhist sect; dogen is the founder; monastic practice; "practice is enlightenment; ablsolute now, time is an illusion; includes Shikan and Taza
resurrection
when Jesus came back from the dead after 3 days
apocalyptic
the day of judgement will come when the end of the world has arrived
Allah
the one true God
Mecca
where all Muslims go for pilgrimmages
covenant
agreement between God and the people of Isreal
rinzai
part of the zen buddhist sect; incorporates zazen and ecourages absolute obedience; it is the school of the samurais
hadith
tradition
shiites
they began as a political dispute over the successor of Muhammad
-generally are suspicius of the world and prize the true believer

1.believe in the divineness of the imams
2. believe that there were a total of 7 imams in history....others, 12
3. believe in Messiah figure Mahdi= guided one
4. prize martyrdom
5. do not trust the sunni interpretation of the Quran
hajj
the pilgrimmage to Mecca
gospel
"book"
baptism
initiation into Chrisianity
mishnah
"repetition"
tried to intepret the laws of the Torah and how 2nd-century Jews attempted to live by the law of God
pentecost
holy day of the christians that takes place fifty days after passover and commemorates the giving of the law on mt. sinai
*birthday of the church
Torah
Scriptures; contains both written works and God's pattern of creation; "revelation"
christians
focus lies more toward the life of Jesus Christ
Qu'ran
the Scripture of Islam that contains guidelines for the Islamic community
-means "reading" or "revelation"
Moses
led the Hebrews out of Egypt in Exodus
Body of Christ
bread and wine
holocaust
the annihilation of the Jews through extermination camps operated by Adolf Hitler
* 6 million jews are killed
Abraham
the father of the nation of Isreal; the great patriarch of Judaism
ihram
the sacred dress of muslims during prayer
ugi
"clan system"
almost more imp. than blood type