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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abductor digiti minimi
A: flexion of the 5th MTP joint; abduction of the 5th MTP joint
O: lateral portion of tuber calcanei; proximal lateral portion of calcaneus
I: lateral portion of the proximal 5th phalanx
N: lateral plantar
abductor hallucis
A: abduction of the 1st MTP joint; assists flexion of the 1st MTP joint; assists in forefoot adduction
O: medial calcaneal tuberosity; flexor retinaculum; plantar aponeurosis
I: planatar surface of the medial base of the 1st toe's proximal base
N: medial plantar
adductor hallucis
A: adduction of the 1st MTP joint; assists in flexion of the 1st MTP joint
O: oblique head - base of the 2nd to 4th metatarsals; tendon sheath of peroneus longus
Transverse head - plantar surface of the 3rd, 4th, 5th metatarsal heads
I: lateral surgace of the base of the 1st toe's proximal phalanx
N: lateral plantar
flexor digiti minimi brevis
A: flexion of the 5th MTP joint
O: plantar surface of the cuboid; base of the 5th metatarsal
I: plantar aspect of the base of the 5th metatarsal
N: lateral plantar
flexor digitorum brevis
A: flexion of the 2nd - 5th PIP joints; assists in flexion of the 2nd - 5th MTP joints
O: medial calcaneal tuberosity; via four tendons, each having two slips, into the medial and lateral sides of the proximal 2nd - 5th phalanges
N: medial plantar
flexor digitorum longus
A: flexion of 2nd - 5th PIP, DIP, and MTP joints; assists in ankle plantarflexion
O: posterior medial portion of the distal two thirds of the tibia; from fascia arising from the tibialis posterior
I: plantar base of the distal phalnges of the 2nd - 5th toes
N: tibial
flexor hallucis brevis
A: flexion of the 1st MTP joint
O: medial side of the cubiod bone's plantar surface
I: via two tendons into the medial and lateral sides of the proximal phalanx of the first toe
N: medial plantar
flexor hallucis longus
A: flexion of the 1st IP joint; assists in flexion of the 1st MTP joint; assists in foot inversion; assists in plantar flexion of the ankle
O: posterior distal two thirds of the fibula; assoc. interosseous membrane and muscular fascia
I: plantar surface of the proximal phalanx of the 1st toe
N: tibial
gastrocnemius
A: ankle plantarflexion; assists in knee flexion
O: medial head - posterior surface of the medial femoral condyle; adjacent portion of the femur and knee capsule
lateral head - posterior surface of the lateral femoral condyle; adjacent portion of the femur and knee capsule
I: to the calcaneus via the achilles tendon
N: tibial
interossei, dorsal
A: abduction of the 3rd and 4th digits; assists in flexion of the MTP joints; assists in extension of the 3rd - 5th IP joints
O: via two heads of the contiguous sides of the metatarsal bones
I: lateral portion of the bases of the 2nd - 4th proximal phalanges; the medial border of the 2nd phalanx also recienves the interossei arising btwn the 2nd and 3rd metatarsal
N: lateral plantar
interossei, plantar
A: adduction of the 3rd - 5th digits; assist in flexion of the MTP joints; assists in extension of the 3rd - 5th IP joints
O: via 2 heads of the contingious sides of the metatarsal bones
I: medial portion of the bases of the 3rd - 5th proximal phalanges
N: lateral plantar
lumbricals
A: flexion of the 2nd through 5th MTP joints; assists in extension of the 2nd through 5th IP joints
O: tendons of flexor digirorum longus
I: posterior surfaces of the 2nd - 5th toes via tensor digitorum longus tendons
N: 1st medial planar, 2nd to 5th lateral medial plantar