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36 Cards in this Set

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Parasite found in fish and raw seafood causing *tingling in throat, abdominal pain, and vomiting
Anisakiasis
This bacterium causes diarrhea and vomiting. Common foods include *cooked rice, pasta, soups, sauces, and ready to eat foods.
Bacillus cereus
This bacteria causes "Fried Rice Syndrome".
Bacillus cereus
Characterized by diarrhea, fever, and vomitting. This illness is linked to raw and undercooked *poultry, unpasteurized milk, and contaminated water. Most prevalent in *summer.
Campylobacteriosis - Campylobacter jejuni
Bacterium found in improperly canned foods causing blurred vision, muscle weakness, vomiting, and diarrhea
Botulism - Clostridium botulinum
Found in cooked meat/poultry and *reheated foods, this bacterium causes severe abdominal pain, diarrhea and vomiting
Clostridium perfringens (also known as "cafeteria bug")
Parasite found in uncooked food or food contaminated after cooking or contaminated drinking water, this parasite causes stomach cramps and a slight fever.
Cryptosporidium (Intestinal cryptosporidiosis)
Characterized by watery diarrhea and abdominal cramps. Can be found in food or water contaminated with human feces
Escherichia coli (E. coli infection)
Bloody diarrhea, vomiting, may lead to hemolytic uremic syndrome. Caused by eating undercooked beef, unpasteurized milk and juice, raw fruits and veggies, and water contaminated with feces
Hemorrhagic colitis
This parasite is found in contaminated water, ice, and salads. Causes fatigue, cramps, weight loss
Giardia lamblia (Giardiasis)
Virus causing *jaundice, fever, and nausea. Found in raw produce, contaminated drinking water, and shellfish from contaminated water
Hepatitis A
Found in unpasteurized milk, *soft cheeses, and ready to eat deli, this bacterium causes fever, and muscle aches. *Pregnant women should avoid these foods
Listeria monocytogenes (Listeriosis)
This virus causes diarrhea in adults and vomiting in children. Found in contaminated water, raw produce, and poor food handling.
Norovirus
Virus found in water, ice, and some hor d'oeuvres.
Rotavirus
Found in *eggs, poultry, meat, unpasteurized milk & cheese, and contaminated raw fruits/veg
Salmonella (Salmonellosis)
Mainly found in *salads (chicken tuna, shrimp, potato); also raw produce, contaminated drinking water, shellfish from contaminated waters. Stools may contain *blood and *mucus
Shigella (Shigellosis)
Found in improperly refrigerated meats, *deli meats, potato and egg salads, cream pastries, poultry, milk products, *foods high in sugar or salt.
Staphylococcus aureus
Found in raw milk and *deviled eggs, this bacterium causes fever, *tonsilitis, *scarlet fever, *rheumatic fever
S. pyrogenes infection (streptococcus pyrogenes)
Found in raw or undercooked pork or game meats.
Trichinella spiralis (trichinosis)
Found in undercooked or raw seafood and contaminated water. This bacterium causes *watery diarrhea and abdominal cramps
Vibrio parahaemolyticus
Found in undercooked or raw seafood (especially *oysters). Causes fever, bleeding within skin, *ulcers
Vibrio vulnificus
Poisoning caused by consuming mussels infected with the dinoflagellate Nitschia, containing the toxin domoic acid
Amnesic shellfish poisoning
A deadly condition thought to be transmitted by a protein termed a prion; "mad cow disease"
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)
Toxins produced by the dinoflagellate Ptychodiscus, responsible for neurotoxic shellfish poisoning
Brevitoxins
Disease condition characterized by hallucinations and convulsive seizures due to a mycotoxin produced by the genus Claviceps
Convulsive ergotism
Term for the direct ingestion of feces, which are often infected with parasite eggs
Coprophagy
The host in which a parasite actually reproduces to multiply in number
Definitive host
Poisoning from consumption of clams containing toxin produced by the dinoflagellates Dinophysis and Prorocentrum
Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning
Toxin produced by the dinoflagellate Nitschia, responsible for amnesic shellfish poisoning
Domoic acid
foodborne illness due to ingestion of food contaminated with large numbers of microorganisms that colonize the intestine and damage the intestinal lining
Infection
a foodborne illness due to the ingestion of food contaminated with microorganisms that have produced toxins in the food
Intoxication
a foodborne illness due to the ingestion of bacteria that produce toxins once inside the small intestine
Intoxification
toxic substances produced by molds
Mycotoxins
poisoning from consumption of oysters and clams containing toxin produced by the dinoflagellate Ptychodiscus
Neurotoxic shellfish poisoning
poisoning caused by consumption of mussels, clams, and oysters containing toxin produced by the dinoflagellate Gonyaulax
Paralytic shellfish poisoning
toxin produced by the dinoflagellate Dinophysis fortit, causing diarrhetic shellfish poisoning
Okadaic acid