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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the amount of force per unit area that is put on a given material
the type of stress that occurs when an object is squeezed
the type of stress that occurs when forces act to stretch an object
when rock layers bend due to stress in the Earth's crust
the surface along which rocks break and slide past each other
blocks of crust on each side of the fault
fault block
the fault block that is above a fault
hanging wall
the fault block that is below a fault
a fault in which the hanging wall moves down relative to the footwall - usually occur when tectonic forces cause tension that pulls rocks apart
normal fault
a fault in which the hanging wall moves up relative to the foot wall - usually happens when tectonic forces cause compression that pushes rocks together
reverse fault
faults that occur when opposing forces cause rock to break and move horizontally
strike-slip fault
mountains that form when rock layers are squeezed together and pushed upward.
folded mountains
mountains that form when large blocks of the Earth's crust drop down relative to other blocks
fault-block mountains
mountains that form when molten rock erupts onto the Earth's surface
volcanic mountains