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15 Cards in this Set

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What happens weekly of the infant until about 5-6 months, at 6 months, and 1 year of age?
During the first year of growth-infants gain 5-7 ounces (150-210 g.) weekly until aprox. 5 to 6 months. Average weight at 6 months is 7.26 kg (16 lbs.)By age 1 the infants birth weight has trippled for an average weight of 9.75 kg (21.5 lb)
What happens to the heart rate of the infant?
The heart rate slows and the rythm is often sinus arythmia (rate increases with inspiration and decreases with expiration). Blood pressure also changes, systolic pressure rises during the first 2 months as a result of the increasing ability of the left ventricle to pump blood into the systemic circulation. Diastolic pressure decreases during the first 3 months then gradually rises to values closer to birth. HR-100-180
What happens to the respiratory rate of the infant?
The respiratory rate slows somewhat and is relatively stable. Respirtory movements continue to be abdominal. RR-35/min
When does the immune system begin to produce IgG?
The full-term newborn receives signifigant amounts of maternal IgG. During this time the infant begins to synthesize IgG; aprox. 40% of adult levels are reached by age 1.
When does the immune system begin to produce IgM?
Signifigant amounts of IgM are produced at birth, and adult levels are reached by 9 months of age.
What is the extrusion reflex and when does it disappear?
The extrusion reflex is when the newborn forces tongue outward, the response disappears at about 4 monts
When does the first baby tooth usually erupt?
The first baby tooth appears approximatly 6 to 8 months of age.
age of child-6=# of teeth
At what age is the infant able to sit up securely without additional support?
At about 4 months the child can sit while unsupported, and by 8 months they can sit well while unsupported.
At what age is the infant able to pull up to a standing position?
At 9 months the infant can pull themselves to the standing positon.
Which age does the infant begin to creep?
Creeping (on hands and knees with belly off floor) by 9 months.
At what age does the infant walk with one hand held?
By 11 months they walk while holding on to furniture or with both hands held. At age 1 they may be able to walk with one hand held.
What is the developmental task according to Erikson?
The developmental task of the infant according to erikson is developing a sense of trust, while overcoming a sense of mistrust. The trust that develops is a trust of self, of others, and of the world.
How may the parents and the nurse help an infant develop a sense of trust?
The crucial element fro the achievement of this task is the quality of both the parent (caregiver)-child relationships and the care the infant receives.
Why is the social smile signifigant and when does it begin?
The social smile is an early step in social communication. This has a profound effect on family members and is a tremendous stimulus for evoking confined responses from others. At 2 months they can smile, 4 months they can laugh.
What 2 components of cognitive development are required for attachment?
The two components of cognitive development are (1)the ability to discriminate the mother from other individuals; and the achievement of object permanence.