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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
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GAS
Chemical

Yellow background with red lettering
BIO
Biological

Blue background with red lettering
ATOM
Radiological

While background with black lettering
GAS MINES
Chemical mines (unexploded mines)

Red Background with yellow lettering and stripe
M40 field protectiove mask
Designed to protect the wearer from field concentrations of chemical and biological agents.
GAS GAS GAS
Stop and hold your breath. the mask must be doned and cleared witin 9 secs.
M8 color paper association
yellow/gold: Nerve
Dark Green: Nerve
Pink/Red: Blister
Mopp 1
overgarment: open /closed
Booties: caried
Mask: carried
Gloves: carried
Mopp 2
overgarment: open/closed
Booties: worn
Mask: carried
Gloves: carried
Mopp 3
overgarment: open/closed
Booties: worn
Mask: worn w/ hood open/closed
Gloves: carried
Mopp 4
overgarment: worn
Booties: worn
Mask: worn
Gloves: worn
Immediate Decon
minimizies casualties, saves lives, and limits the spread of contamination.
3 imm types: skin decon, perconnel wipe down and operators spray down.
Nerve agents
deff:
prodice there affect by interfering with normal transmission of nerve impulses in the parasympathetic autonomic nervous system.
odorless, colorless liguid
Nerve
S/S
pin point pupils, local muscular twitching, rhinorrhea, dyspnea, diarrhea, vomiting, convulsion, hypersalivation, drowsiness, coma and unconsciousness.
Nerve
treatment
atropine 2mg, 2 PAMCL 600mg
Blister agents
deff:
produce large and painful blisters.
HD: mustard, HN: nitrogen mustard, oily, colorless, or pale liquids.
L: Lewisite, arsenical light to dark brown liquid
Blister agents
S/S mustards
eyes are the most vulnerable.
begins in 12-48 hours after exposure.
Brochopneumonia is a frequent complication.
primary cause of death: massive edema or mechanical pilmonary obstruction.
Blister agents
treatment mustards
There is no specific treatment of mustard poisoning.
Blister agents
S/S lewisite
causes intense pain upon contact.
Choking
deff
the cause extensive damage to the alveolar tissue, resulting in severe pulmonary edema.
colorless gas, new mown hay/ freshly cut grass
Choking
S/S
watering of the eyes, coughing, feeling of tightness in the cheast. no symptoms for 2-6 hours after exposure.
late: rapid, shallow, and labored breathing; painful cough; cyanosis, frothy sputum, clammy skin, rapid feeble pulse, and low b/p.
Choking
treatment
complete bed rest is mandatory. treatment had to be symptomatic
Incapactating Agents
deff
High potency
Duration hour or days
3-quinuclidinyl benzilate (BZ)
Incapactating Agents
S/S
appear in 30mins to several hours.
Incapactating Agents
treatment
Prevent victim from hurting themselves and others.
Blood agents
deff
interfere with enzyme functions in the body. ie block oxygen transfer.
Hydrocyanic acid (AC)
Cyanogen chloride (CK)
Blood agents
S/S
death or recovery take place rapidly.

violent convulsion after 20 to 30 secounds, respiratory failure with cessation of heart action within a few minutes.
Blood agents
treatment
amyl nitite up to 8 ampules and sodium thosulfate solution 100 to 200mg/kg over a 9min period
Lacrimators
deff
local irritants that act primary on the eyes.
chloracetophenone(CN)
orthochlorobenzilidine malanonitril (CS)
lacrimators
s/s
intense pain in eyes.
sledom last over 2 hours
lacrimator
treatment
exposure to fresh air.
Vomiting agents
deff
training and riot control.
DM, DA, DC
Vomiting Agent
S/S
produce strong pepper like irritation in the upper resp tract.
Vomiting Agent
treatment
carry on duties as vigorously as possible.
White Phosphorus
pale, waxy solid that ignites spontaneously on contact with air.

skin: cover with 0.5 percent copper sulfate.
Alarms: Visual, Vocal, percussion
Visual: arms ext. out to side, bend arms at elbow to ears. x3. fists.
Vocal: GAS GAS GAS
Percussion: metal on metal. -SOP for unit
Uses of m8 and m9 paper
M8: worn around ankles, wrists, biceps on the ext prot clothing.
M9: used on suspected liquid puddles.