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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Osmolarity
concentration of disolved materials present in fluid.
If a person is dehydrated, osmolarity is higher.
Hyperkalemia- signs/symptoms
hypotension
cardiac arrest
parathesia
Nephron
Functioning unit of the kidney
What makes up 2/3 of water in the body of healthy adult and is the fluid inside the cell body?
Intracellular Fluid (ICF)
What are the positive cations?
Na+ K+ Ca+ Mg+ Fe+ H+
What percent of body weight is water?
60%
How is edema formed?
-Increased capillary filtration pressure
-Decreased capillary colloid osmotic pressure
-Increased capillary permeability
-Obstruction of lymph flow
What is 1/3 of the water in the body and found outside the cells?
Extracellular fluid (ECF)
What is the minimum urine output a person can have?
30 cc/hour
What are electrically charged particles?
Ions
What ions have a negative charge?
Anions
What ions have a positive charge?
cations
What is the movement of particles from area of higher concentration to area of lower concentration?
Diffusion
What is the movement of a particle from area of lower concentration to area of higher concentration?
osmosis
What is fluid that is "trapped" in transcellular spaces and not available to general circulation?
Third Spacing Fluid
What is the most abundant cation in the body?
sodium
What percent of phosphorus is in bone?
85%
Where is most of the magnesium in the body?
Inside cells
What type of diuretics work in the proximal tube?
ossmotic diuretics (ex mannitol and glucose)
What is the second most abundant cation in the body?
potassium