Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/20

Click to flip

20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
s/s:
apprehension; personality change; postural hypotension; abdominal cramping; nausea and vomiting; diarrhea; tachycardia; dry mucous membranes; convulsions; coma
hyponatremia

(not enough serum sodium)
s/s:
extreme thirst; dry and flushed skin; dry and sticky tongue and mucous membranes; postural hypotension; fever; agitation; convulsions; restlessness; irritability
hypernatremia

(too much serum sodium)
s/s:
weakness and fatigue; muscle weakness; nausea and vomiting; intestinal distension; decreased bowel sounds; decreased deep tendon reflexes; ventricular dysrhythmias; paresthesia; weak and irregular pulse
hypokalemia

(too little serum potassium)
s/s:
anxiety; dysrhythmias; paresthesia; weakness; abdominal cramps; diarrhea
hyperkalemia

(too much serum potassium)
s/s:
numbness and tingling of fingers and mouth region; hyperactive reflexes; positive Trousseau's sign; positive Chvostek's sign; tetany; muscle cramps; pathologic fractures
hypocalcemia

(too little serum calcium)
s/s:
anorexia; nausea and vomiting; weakness; hypoactive reflexes; lethargy; flank pain; decreased level of consciousness; personality changes; cardiac arrest
hypercalcemia

(too much serum calcium)
s/s:
muscular tremors; hyperactive deep tendon reflexes; confusion and disorientation; tachycardia; hypertension; dysrhythmias; positive Chvosteks' sign; positive Trousseau's sign
hypomagnesia

(too little serum magnesium)
s/s:
hypoactive deep tendon reflexes; decreased depth and rate of breathing; hypotension; flushing
hypermagnesia

(too much serum magnesium)
s/s:
dry and sticky mucous membranes; flushed dry skin; thirst; elevated temperature; irritability; convulsions; coma
Hyperosmolar imbalance - dehydration with too many electrolytes
s/s:
decreased level of consciousness; convulsions; coma
Hypoosmolar imbalance - excess water and decreased electrolytes per volume of water
s/s:
confusion; dizziness; lethargy; headache; ventricular dysrhythmias; warm and flushed skin; muscular twitching; convulsions; coma
Respiratory acidosis
s/s:
confusion; dizziness; dysrhythmias; tachypnea; numbness and tingling of extremities; convulsions; coma
Respiratory alkalosis
s/s:
headache; lethargy; confusion; dysrhythmias; tachypnea with deep respirations; abdominal cramps; flushed skin
Metabolic acidosis
s/s:
dizziness; dysrhythmias; numbness and tingling of fingers, toes, mouth; muscle cramps; tetany
Metabolic alkalosis
maximum potassium IV rate in solution
20 mEq/hr
how do you know potassium is going in too fast?
it burns the veins
what do you give with oral potassium?
give with food or dilute with water/juice because potassium irritates GI tract
how do you test for too much magnesium?
make sure their deep tendon reflexes are present
Chvostek's sign
running finger across side of face causes twitching
Trousseau sign
put on blood pressure cuff and look for hand twitching and flexing