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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
pupil accomodates but doesn't react
argyll robertson (neurosyphilis)
rapidly progressive lef wekaness that ascends (following GI/upper respiratory infection)
Guillain-Barre syndrome (autoimmune acute inflammatory demylenating polyneuropathy)
rash on palms and soles
Coxsackie A, secondary syphilis, rocky mountain spotted fever
recurrent colds, unusual eczema, high serum IgE
hyper IgE synrome (Job's syndrome: neutrophil chemotaxis abnormality)
red "currant jelly" sputum in alcoholic or diabetes patients
klebsiella pneumoniae
red, itchy, swollen rash of nipple/areola
paget's disease of the breast (represent underlying neoplasm)
red urine in he morning, fragile RBCs
paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
renal cell carcinoma (bilateral), hemangioblastomas, angiomastosis, pheochromocytoma
van hippel-lindau disease (dominant tumor suppressor gene mutation)
resting tremor, rigidity, akinesia, postural instability
parkinson's disease (nigrostriatal dopamine depletion)
retinal hemorrhages with pale centers
roth's spots (bacterial endocarditis)
severe jaundice in neonate
Crigler-Najjar syndrome (congenital unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia)
severe RLQ pain with rebound tenderness
McBurney's sign (appendicitis)
short stature, inc incidence of tumors/leukemia, aplastic anemia
fanconi's anemia (genetic loss of DNA crosslink repair; often progress to AML)
single palm crease
down syndrome
situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, bronchiesctasis, infertility
Kartagener's syndrome (dynein arm defect affecting ciliar)
skin hyperpigmentation
addison's disease (primary adrenocortical insufficiency causes inc ATCH and slpha-MSH production
slow, progressive muscle weakness in boys
becker's muscular dystrophy (X-linked missense mutation in dystrophin; less severe than duchenne's
small, irregular red spots on buccal/lingual mucosa with blue-white centers
koplik spots (measles; rubeola virus)
smooth, flat, moist white lesions on genitals
condylomata lata (secondary syphillis)
splinter hemorhages in fingernals
bacterial endocarditis
strawberry tongue
scarlet fever, kawasaki disease, toxic shock syndrome
streak ovaries, congenital heart disease, horseshoe kidney, cystic hygroma at birth
turner syndrome (45XO, short stature, webbed neck, lymphedma)
sudden swollen/painful big toe joint
gout/podagra (hyperuricemia)
swollen gums, mucous bleeding. poor wound healing, spots on skin
scurvy (vit C deficiency; can't hydroxylate proline/lysine for collagen synthesis)
swollen hard, painful finger joints
osteoarthritis (osteophytes on PIP (bouchard's nodes), DIP [heberden's nodules]
systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
aortic valve stenosis
thyroid parathyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma
MEN 2A (autosomal dominant ret mutation)
thyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma, ganglioneuromatosis
MEN 2B (autosomal dominant rest mutation)
toe extension/fanning upon planar scrape
Babinski sign (UMN lesion)