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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Reynolds v. United States
Landmark Supreme Court case in 1879 invoked Jefferson's view that there be a wall of separation between church and state.
Cantwell v. Connecticut
1940 Supreme Court decision held that the prohibition aimed at Congress also applied to the States
Engel v. Vitale
The first time the U.S. Supreme Court addressed prayer in the public school. NY Borad of Regents required the reading of a non-denominational prayer. The prayer violated the establishment clause in the 1st Amendment.
Wallace v. Jaffree
1985 U.S. Supreme Court ruled that a period of silence set aside for meditation or voluntary prayer in the public school in a violation of the 1st Amendment.
Lee v. Weisman
1992 case invalidated the school district's policy that allowed clergy to deliver invocations and benedictions at middle and high school graduations.
Jones v. Clear Creek
1992 Federal Appeals Court ruled that it was okay for student initiated and student led prayer at graduation ceremonies was not a violation of the 1st Amendment
Sante Fe v. Jane Doe
2000 U.S. Supreme Court invalitated student-led prayer at graduation and other school events. The school by policy supported prayer over the PA system.
Adler v. Duval County School Board
1994 court decision allowed each senior class to decide if prayer was offered at graduation.
Lemon v. Kurtzman
1971 landmark case that set Lemon standards.
1. must have a secular purpose
2. must neither advance nor prohit/inhibit religion.
3. must not create excessive entanglement.
Abington School District v. Schempp
1965 court case allows the use of the Bible as a historical, literary, ethics, or philosophical document in public schools.
Murray v. Curlett
challenged the actual practice of daily Bible reading in the schools of Maryland.
Stone v. Graham
The posting of the 10 Commandments in public schools is a violation of the First Amendment.
Tudor v. Board of Education
1954 decision stopping Gideons distribute the Bible throughout public schools
Newdow v. United States
2002 landmark decision challenging the recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance
West Virginia State Board of Ed v. Barnette
1943 case that held that public school officials may not reequire students to salute and pledge allegiance to the flag.