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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Sole proprietorship
a. Avoids corporate taxes, taxed at personal income
b. Unlimited liability
c. Hard to raise capital
d. Life limited to the owner
e. Avoids Government Regulations
• General Partners
• Limited Partners: Lose how much you invest in
f. Owners are separate from managers
g. Requires a lot of administrative paper work to form (bylaws)
h. Shares(ownership)are easily transferable
i. Corporate taxes
j. Easy to Raise Funds
k. Life is not limited to stockholders
l. Disadvantage: Double taxation
m. Disadvantage: A lot of Government regulations
(Limited Liability Company)= operate and to be taxed like a partnership but retain limited liability for its owners
Goal of a firm of management is to?
Maximize Stock Price
Conflict of interest in share holders and management is what?
Relationship is called an agency relationship…Managerial Compensation, Control of the Firm, and Conclusion
Primary Market
1. Public Offering: Registered with SEC and sold to institutions and investors
2. Private Placement: Don’t have to be registered and sold to private investors.
Secondary Market
Security is sold (traded)from investor to investor
i. Two types:
1. Dealer Market: Dealer puts up own capital to buy securities then sell them…over the counter (no location)
2. Auction Market: Buy or sell at price at auction…has physical location (ex. NYSE)
Which market is considered an auction market
Double Taxation for corporations means?
Getting taxed twice…at the time when you pay taxes then if the company holds stock, the dividends are also taxed
3 disadvantages of a corporate organization?
Double taxation, Govt regulations...
Difference between Income Statement, cash flow statement, Balance sheet is?
Current Assets
What is a current assets?
Has a life less than one year and it will normally convert to cash within 12 months
Networking capital is?
Difference between a firm’s current assets and its current liabilities. + is good
How to calculate average and marginal tax rate different?
Tax bill/taxable income… extra tax you would pay if you earned one more dollar. Page 31
Cash flow from assets is also known as what?
Operating cash flow, capital spending, and change in net working capital
Earning per share is what?
Net income/total shares outstanding
Balance sheet Assets are what
Current or fixed…on left side
Which is not needed for operating cash flow?
Expenses associated with the firm’s financing of its assets are not included since they are not operating expenses. (taxes)
Which is not considered a component of stock holder’s equity?
a. Assets
i. Current
ii. Fixed
b. Liabilities
i. Current
ii. Long term
What Quick Ratio:
Current Assets- Inventory/Current Liabilities
What is Current Ratio
Current Assets/Current Liabilities
What type of Ratio is financial leverage?
Shareholders’ Equity= Assets-Liabilities
Higher the debt, the greater its degree of financial leverage
Equation for Total Turnover
Cost of goods sold/ Inventory
ROE/(3 things?) what is it called?
Return on Equity= Net Income/Assets * Assets/Total Equity
5 Ratios
which ratio can be calculated using only the income statement…Assets are never on income statement…no equity
Diff. between compound interest, simple interest, annual, interest on interest.
CI=interest earned on both the initial principal and the interest reinvested from prior periods
SI=Interest earned only on the original principal amount invested
IonI=Interest earned on the reinvestment of previous interest payments
AI=Every year
Formula for present value interest factor?
FV (1/((1+r)^t))