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602 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Abstract
Not easy to understand; theoretical
Acclaim
Loud approval; applause
Acquiesce
To agree to an opinion
Adamant
Not yielding; firm
Adversary
Enemy; foe
Advocate
To plead in favor of; supporter; defender
Aesthetic
Showing good taste; artistic
Alleviate
To lessen or make easier
Aloof
Distant in interest; reserved; cool
Altercation
Controversy; dispute
Altruistic
Unselfish
Amass
To collect together; to accumulate
Ambiguous
Not clear; uncertain; vague
Ambivalent
Undecided
Ameliorate
To make better; to improve
Amiable
Friendly
Amorphous
Having no determinate form
Anarchist
Believes formal government is unnecessary
Antagonism
Hostility; opposition
Apathy
Lack of emotion or interest
Appease
To make quiet; to calm
Apprehensive
Fearful; aware; conscious
Arbitrary
Based on one’s preference or whim
Arrogant
Acting superior to others; conceited
Articulate
To speak distinctly; to hinge; to connect; to convey; to express effectively; eloquent; fluent; capable of speech
Assess
To estimate the value of
Astute
Cunning; sly; crafty
Atrophy
To waste away from lack of nutrition
Audacious
Fearless; bold
Augment
To increase or add to; to make larger
Austere
Harsh; severe; strict
Authentic
Real, genuine, trustworthy
Authoritarian
Acting as a dictator; demanding obedience
Banal
Common; petty; ordinary
Belittle
To make small; to think lightly of
Benefactor
One who helps others; a donor
Benevolent
Kind; generous
Benign
Mild; harmless
Biased
Prejudiced; influenced; not neutral
Blasphemous
Irreligious; profane; impious; unacceptable
Blithe
Happy; cheery; merry
Brevity
Briefness; shortness
Candid
Honest; truthful; sincere
Capricious
Changeable; fickle
Caustic
Burning; sarcastic; harsh
Censor
To examine and delete objectionable material
Censure
To criticize or disapprove
Charlatan
An imposter; a fake
Coalesce
To combine or come together
Collaborate
To work together; to cooperate
Compatible
In agreement; harmonious
Complacent
Content; self-satisfied; smug
Compliant
Yielding; obedient
Comprehensive
All-inclusive; complete; thorough
Compromise
To settle by mutual adjustment
Concede
To acknowledge; to admit; to surrender; to abandon one’s position
Concise
In few words; brief; condensed
Condescend
To consciously come down from one’s position or rank
Condone
To overlook; to forgive
Conspicuous
Easy to see; noticeable
Consternation
Amazement or terror that causes confusion
Consummation
The completion; finish
Contemporary
Living or happening at the same time; modern
Contempt
Scorn; disrespect
Contrite
Regretful; sorrowful
Conventional
Traditional; common; routine
Cower
To crouch down in fear or shame
Defamation
Any harm to a name or reputation; slander
Deference
Yielding to another’s opinion
Deliberate
To consider carefully; to weigh in the mind; intentional
Denounce
To speak out against; to condemn
Depict
To portray in words; to present a visual image
Deplete
To reduce; to empty
Depravity
Moral corruption; badness
Deride
To ridicule; to laugh at with scorn
Desecrate
To violate a holy place or sanctuary
Detached
Separated; not interested; standing alone
Deter
To prevent; to discourage; to hinder
Didactic
Instructive; dogmatic; preachy
Digress
To stray from the subject; to wander from topic
Diligence
Hard work
Discerning
Distinguishing one thing from another
Discord
Disagreement; lack of harmony
Discriminate
To distinguish one thing from another; to demonstrate bias; able to distinguish
Distain
Intense dislike; to look down at; to scorn
Disparage
To belittle; to undervalue
Disparity
Difference in form, character, or degree
Dispassionate
Lack of feeling; impartial
Disperse
To scatter; to separate
Disseminate
To circulate; to scatter
Dissent
To disagree; to differ in opinion
Dissonance
Harsh contradiction
Diverse
Different; dissimilar
Document
Official paper containing information; to support; to substantiate or verify
Dogmatic
Stubborn; biased; opinionated
Dubious
Doubtful; uncertain skeptical; suspicious
Eccentric
Odd; peculiar; strange
Efface
To wipe out; to erase
Effervescence
Liveliness; spirit; enthusiasm; bubbly
Egocentric
Self-centered
Elaboration
Act of clarifying; adding details
Eloquence
The ability to speak well
Elusive
Hard to catch; difficult to understand
Emulate
To imitate; to copy
Endorse
To support; to approve of; to recommend
Engender
To create; to bring about
Enhance
To improve; to complement; to make more attractive
Enigma
Mystery; secret; perplexity
Ephemeral
Temporary; brief; short-lived
Equivocal
Doubtful; uncertain
Erratic
Unpredictable; strange
Erroneous
Untrue; inaccurate; incorrect
Esoteric
Incomprehensible; obscure
Euphony
Pleasant sound
Execute
To put to death; to kill; to carry out or fulfill
Exemplary
Serving as an example; outstanding
Exhaustive
Thorough; complete
Expedient
Helpful; practical; worthwhile
Expedite
To speed up
Explicit
Specific; definite
Extol
To praise; to commend
Extraneous
Irrelevant; not related; not essential
Facilitate
To make easier; to simplify
Fallacious
Misleading
Fanatic
Enthusiast; extremist
Fastidious
Fussy; hard to please
Fervor
Passion; intensity
Fickle
Changeable; unpredictable
Fortuitous
Accidental; happening by chance; lucky
Frivolity
Giddiness; lack of seriousness
Fundamental
Basic; necessary
Furtive
Secretive; sly
Futile
Worthless; unprofitable
Glutton
Overeater
Grandiose
Extravagant; flamboyant
Gravity
Seriousness
Guile
Slyness; deceit
Gullible
Easily fooled
Hackneyed
Commonplace; trite
Hamper
To interfere with; to hinder
Haphazard
Disorganized; random
Hedonistic
Pleasure seeking
Heed
To obey; to yield to
Heresy
Opinion contrary to popular belief
Hindrance
Blockage; obstacle
Humility
Lack of pride; modesty
Hypocritical
Two-faced; deceptive
Hypothetical
Assumed; uncertain
Illuminate
To make understandable
Illusory
Unreal; false; deceptive
Immune
Protected; unthreatened by
Immutable
Unchangeable; permanent
Impartial
Unbiased; fair
Impetuous
Rash; impulsive; forcible; violent
Implication
Suggestion; inference
Inadvertent
Not on purpose; unintentional
Incessant
Constant; continual
Incidental
Extraneous; unexpected
Inclined
Apt to; likely to; angled
Incoherent
Illogical; rambling
Incompatible
Disagreeing; disharmonious
Incredulous
Unwilling to believe; skeptical
Indifferent
Unconcerned
Indolent
Lazy; inactive
Indulgent
Lenient; patient
Inevitable
Sure to happen; unavoidable
Infamous
Having a bad reputation; notorious
Infer
To form an opinion; to conclude
Initiate
To begin; to admit into a group; a person who is in the process of being admitted into a group
Innate
Natural; inborn
Innocuous
Harmless; innocent
Innovate
To introduce a change; to depart from the old
Insipid
Uninteresting; bland
Instigate
To start; to provoke
Intangible
Incapable of being touched; immaterial
Ironic
Contradictory; inconsistent; sarcastic
Irrational
Not logical
Jeopardy
Danger
Kindle
To ignite; to arouse
Languid
Weak; fatigued
Laud
To praise
Lax
Careless; irresponsible
Lethargic
Lazy; passive
Levity
Silliness; lack of seriousness
Lucid
Shining; easily understood
Magnanimous
Forgiving; unselfish
Malicious
Spiteful; vindictive
Marred
Damaged
Meander
To wind on a course; to travel or wander aimlessly
Melancholy
Depression; gloom
Meticulous
Exacting; precise
Minute
Extremely small; tiny
Miser
Penny-pincher; stingy person
Mitigate
To alleviate; to lessen; to soothe
Morose
Moody; despondent
Negligence
Carelessness
Neutral
Impartial; unbiased
Nostalgic
Longing for the past; filled with bittersweet memories
Novel
New and different
Nullify
To cancel; to invalidate
Objective
Open-minded; impartial; a goal
Obscure
Not easily understood; dark
Obsolete
Out of date; passé
Ominous
Threatening
Optimist
Person hoping for the best; sees the good side
Orthodox
Traditional; accepted
Pagan
Polytheist; believes in many gods
Partisan
Supporter; follower; biased; one-sided
Perceptive
Full of insight; aware
Peripheral
Marginal; outer
Pernicious
Dangerous; harmful
Pessimism
Seeing only the gloomy side; hopelessness
Phenomenon
Miracle; occurrence
Philanthropy
Charity; unselfishness
Pious
Religious; devout; dedicated
Placate
To pacify; to calm
Plausible
Probable; feasible
Pragmatic
Matter-of-fact; practical
Preclude
To inhibit; to make impossible
Predecessor
One who occupied an office before another
Prodigal
Wasteful; lavish
Prodigious
Exceptional; tremendous
Profound
Deep; knowledgeable; thorough
Profusion
Great amount; abundance
Prosaic
Tiresome; ordinary
Provincial
Regional; unsophisticated
Provocative
Tempting; irritating
Prudent
Wise; careful; prepared
Qualified
Experienced; indefinite
Rectify
To correct
Redundant
Repetitious; unnecessary
Refute
To challenge; to disprove
Relegate
To banish; to put to a lower position
Relevant
Of concern; significant
Remorse
Guilt; sorrow
Reprehensible
Wicked; disgraceful
Repudiate
To reject; to cancel
Rescind
To retract; to discard
Resignation
Quitting; submission
Resolution
Proposal; promise; determination
Respite
Recess; rest period
Reticent
Silent; reserved; shy
Reverent
Respectful
Rhetorical
Having to do with verbal communication; concerned with style and effect
Rigor
Severity
Sagacious
Wise; cunning
Sanguine
Optimistic; cheerful; red
Saturate
To soak thoroughly; to drench
Scanty
Inadequate; sparse
Scrupulous
Honorable; exact
Scrutinize
To examine closely; to study
Servile
Slavish; groveling
Skeptic
Doubter
Slander
To defame; to maliciously misrepresent
Solemnity
Seriousness
Solicit
To ask; to seek
Stagnant
Motionless; uncirculating
Stanza
Group of lines in a poem with a definite pattern
Static
Inactive; changeless
Stoic
Detached; unruffled; calm
Subtlety
Understatement; propensity for understatement; sophistication; cunning
Superficial
On the surface; narrow-minded; lacking depth
Superfluous
Unnecessary; extra
Surpass
To go beyond; to outdo
Sycophant
Flatterer
Symmetry
Correspondence of parts; harmony
Taciturn
Reserved; quiet; secretive
Tedious
Time-consuming; burdensome; uninteresting
Temper
To soften; to pacify or calm; to compose
Tentative
Not confirmed; indefinite
Thrifty
Economical; pennywise
Tranquility
Peace; stillness; harmony
Trepidation
Apprehension; uneasiness
Trivial
Unimportant; small; worthless
Tumid
Swollen; inflated
Undermine
To weaken; to ruin
Uniform
Consistent; unvaried; unchanging
Universal
Concerning everyone; existing everywhere
Unobtrusive
Inconspicuous; reserved
Unprecedented
Unheard of; exceptional
Unpretentious
Simple; plain; modest
Vacillation
Fluctuation
Valid
Acceptable; legal
Vehement
Intense; excited; enthusiastic
Venerate
To revere or admire
Verbose
Wordy; talkative
Viable
Capable of maintaining life; possible; attainable
Vigor
Forcefulness
Vilify
To slander
Virtuoso
Highly skilled artist
Virulent
Deadly; harmful; malicious
Vital
Important; spirited
Volatile
Changeable; undependable
Vulnerable
Open to attack; unprotected
Wane
To grow gradually smaller
Whimsical
Fanciful; amusing
Wither
To wilt or shrivel; to humiliate
Zealot
Believer; enthusiast; fan
Zenith
Point directly overhead in the sky
Abandon
To leave behind; to give something up; freedom; enthusiasm; impetuosity or impulsiveness
Abase
To degrade; to humiliate; to disgrace
Abbreviate
To shorten; to compress; to diminish
Aberrant
Abnormal
Abhor
To hate
Abominate
To loathe; to hate
Abridge
To shorten; to limit; to take away
Absolve
To forgive; to acquit
Abstinence
Self-control; chastity; non-participation
Accede
To comply with; to consent to
Accomplice
Co-conspirator; partner; partner-in-crime
Accrue
To collect; to build up
Acrid
Sharp; bitter; foul-smelling
Adept
Skilled; practiced
Adverse
Negative; hostile; antagonistic; inimical or unfavorable
Affable
Friendly; amiable; good-natured
Aghast
Astonished; amazed; horrified; terrified; appalled
Alacrity
Enthusiasm; fervor; liveliness; sprightliness
Allocate
To set aside; to designate; to assign
Allure
To attract; to entice; attraction; temptation; glamour
Amiss
Wrong; awry or skewed; mistakenly
Analogy
Similarity; correlation; parallelism; simile; metaphor
Anoint
To crown; to ordain; to smear with oil
Anonymous
Nameless; unidentified
Arduous
Difficult; burdensome
Awry
Crooked; uneven; wrong; askew
Baleful
Sinister; threatening; evil; deadly
Baroque
Extravagant; ornate
Behoove
To be advantageous; to be necessary
Berate
To scold; to reprove; to reproach; to criticize
Bereft
Hurt by someone’s death
Biennial
Happening every two years; a plant that blooms every two years
Blatant
Obvious; unmistakable; crude; vulgar
Bombastic
Pompous; wordy; turgid
Burly
Strong; bulky; stocky
Cache
Stockpile; store; heap; hiding place for goods
Calamity
Disaster
Cascade
Waterfall; to pour; to rush; to fall
Catalyst
Anything that creates a situation for change
Chagrin
Distress; shame
Charisma
Appeal; magnetism; presence
Chastise
To punish; to discipline; to admonish; criticize
Choleric
Cranky; cantankerous or irritable
Cohesion
The act of holding together
Colloquial
Casual; common; conversational; idiomatic or natural
Conglomeration
Mixture; collection
Connoisseur
Expert or authority (usually wine or food)
Consecrate
To sanctify; to make sacred; to immortalize
Craven
Cowardly; fearful
Dearth
Scarcity; shortage
Debilitate
To deprive of strength
Deign
To condescend; to stoop
Delineate
To outline; to describe
Demur
To object; objection; misgiving or doubt
Derision
Ridicule; mockery
Derogatory
Belittling; uncomplimentary
Destitute
Poor; poverty-stricken
Devoid
Lacking; empty
Dichotomy
Branching into two parts
Disheartened
Discouraged; depressed
Diverge
To separate; to split
Docile
Manageable; obedient
Duress
Force; constraint
Ebullient
Showing excitement
Educe
To draw forth
Effervescence
Bubbly; enthusiasm; animation
Emulate
To follow the example of
Ennui
Boredom; apathy or indifference
Epitome
Model; representation
Errant
Wandering
Ethnic
Native; racial; cultural
Evoke
To call forth; to provoke
Exotic
Unusual; striking
Façade
Front view; false appearance
Facsimile
Copy; reproduction; replica
Fathom
To comprehend; to uncover
Ferret
To drive or hunt out of hiding
Figment
Product; creation
Finite
Measurable; limited; not everlasting
Fledgling
Inexperienced person; beginner
Flinch
To wince; to draw back; to retreat
Fluency
Smoothness of speech
Flux
Current; continuous change
Forbearance
Patience; self-restraint
Foster
To encourage; to nurture; to support
Frivolity
Lightness; folly; fun
Frugality
Thrift
Garbled
Mixed up
Generic
Common; general; universal
Germane
Pertinent; related; to the point
Gibber
To speak foolishly
Gloat
To brag; to glory over
Guile
Slyness; fraud
Haggard
Tired looking; fatigued
Hiatus
Interval; break; period of rest
Hierarchy
Body of people, things, or concepts divided into ranks
Homage
Honor; respect
Hubris
Arrogance
Ideology
Set of beliefs or principles
Ignoble
Shameful; dishonorable
Imbue
To inspire; to arouse
Impale
To fix on a stake; to stick; to pierce
Implement
To begin; to enact
Impromptu
Without preparation
Inarticulate
Speechless; unable to speak clearly
Incessant
Uninterrupted
Incognito
Unidentified; disguised; concealed
Indict
To charge with a crime
Inept
Incompetent; unskilled
Innuendo
Hint; insinuation
Intermittent
Periodic; occasional
Invoke
To ask for; to call upon
Itinerary
Travel plan; schedule; course
Jovial
Cheery; jolly; playful
Juncture
Critical point; meeting
Juxtapose
To place side by side
Knavery
Rascality; trickery
Knead
To mix; to massage
Labyrinth
Maze
Laggard
A lazy person; one who lags behind
Larceny
Theft; stealing
Lascivious
Indecent; immoral
Lecherous
Impure in thought and act
Lethal
Deadly
Liaison
Connection; link
Limber
Flexible; pliant
Livid
Black-and-blue; discolored; enraged
Lucrative
Profitable; gainful
Lustrous
Bright; radiant
Malediction
Curse; evil spell
Mandate
Order; charge
Manifest
Obvious; clear
Mentor
Teacher
Mesmerize
To hypnotize
Metamorphosis
Change of form
Mimicry
Imitation
Molten
Melted
Motif
Theme
Mundane
Ordinary; commonplace
Myriad
Innumerable; countless
Narcissistic
Egotistical; self-centered
Nautical
Of the sea
Neophyte
Beginner; newcomer
Nettle
To annoy; to irritate
Notorious
Infamous; renowned
Obdurate
Stubborn; inflexible
Obligatory
Mandatory; necessary
Obliterate
To destroy completely
Obsequious
Fawning
Obstinate
Stubborn
Occult
Mystical; mysterious
Opaque
Dull; cloudy; nontransparent
Opulence
Wealth; fortune
Ornate
Elaborate; lavish; decorated
Oust
To drive out; to eject
Painstaking
Thorough; careful; precise
Pallid
Pale; colorless
Palpable
Tangible; apparent
Paradigm
Model; example
Paraphernalia
Equipment; accessories
Parochial
Religious; narrow-minded
Passive
Submissive; unassertive
Pedestrian
Mediocre; ordinary
Pensive
Reflective; contemplative
Percussion
The striking of one object against another
Perjury
The practice of lying
Permeable
Porous; allowing to pass through
Perpetual
Enduring for all time
Pertinent
Related to the matter at hand
Pervade
To occupy the whole of
Petty
Unimportant; of subordinate standing
Phlegmatic
Without emotion or interest
Phobia
Morbid fear
Pittance
Small allowance
Plethora
Condition of going beyond what is needed; excess; overabundance
Potent
Having great power or physical strength
Privy
Private; confidential
Progeny
Children; offspring
Provoke
To stir action or feeling; to arouse
Pungent
Sharp; stinging
Quaint
Old-fashioned; unusual; odd
Quandary
Dilemma
Quarantine
Isolation of a person to prevent spread of disease
Quiescent
Inactive; at rest
Quirk
Peculiar behavior; startling twist
Rabid
Furious; with extreme anger
Rancid
Having a bad odor
Rant
To speak in a loud, pompous manner; to rave
Ratify
To make valid; to confirm
Rationalize
To offer reasons for; to account for
Raucous
Disagreeable; harsh
Realm
An area; sphere of activity
Rebuttal
Refutation
Recession
Withdrawal; depression
Reciprocal
Mutual; having the same relationship to each other
Recluse
Solitary and shut off from society
Refurbish
To make new
Regal
Royal; grand
Reiterate
To repeat; to state again
Relinquish
To let go; to abandon
Render
To deliver; to provide; to give up a possession
Replica
Copy; representation
Resilient
Flexible; capable of withstanding stress
Retroaction
An action elicited by a stimulus
Reverie
Unaware of one’s surroundings; trance
Rummage
To search thoroughly
Rustic
Plain and unsophisticated; homely
Saga
A legend; story
Salient
Noticeable; prominent
Salvage
To rescue from loss
Sarcasm
Ironic, bitter humor designed to wound
Satire
A novel or play using humor or irony to expose folly
Saunter
To walk at a leisurely pace; to stroll
Savor
To receive pleasure from; to enjoy
Seethe
To be in a state of emotional turmoil; to become angry
Serrated
Having a saw-toothed edge
Shoddy
Of inferior quality; cheap
Skulk
To move secretly
Sojourn
A temporary stay; visit
Solace
Hope; comfort during a time of grief
Soliloquy
A talk with oneself (especially on stage)
Somber
Dark and depressing; gloomy
Sordid
Filthy
Sporadic
Rarely occurring or appearing; irregular
Stamina
Endurance
Steadfast
Loyal
Stigma
A mark of disgrace
Stipend
Payment for work done
Stupor
A stunned or bewildered condition
Suave
Effortlessly gracious
Subsidiary
Subordinate
Succinct
Consisting of few words; concise
Succumb
To give in; to yield; to collapse
Sunder
To break; to split into two
Suppress
To bring to an end; to hold back
Surmise
to guess
Susceptible
Vulnerable
Tacit
Not voiced or expressed
Tantalize
To tempt; to torment
Tarry
To move slowly; to delay
Taut
Stretched tightly
Tenacious
Persistently holding to something
Tepid
Lacking warmth, interest, enthusiasm, lukewarm
Terse
Concise; abrupt
Thwart
To prevent from accomplishing a purpose; to frustrate
Timorous
Fearful
Torpid
Lacking alertness and activity; lethargic
Toxic
Poisonous
Transpire
To take place; to come about
Traumatic
Causing a violent injury
Trek
To make a journey
Tribute
Expression of admiration
Trite
Commonplace; overused
Truculent
Aggressive; eager to fight
Turbulence
Condition of being physically agitated; disturbance
Turmoil
Unrest; agitation
Tycoon
Wealthy leader
Tyranny
Absolute power; autocracy
Ubiquitous
Ever present in all places; universal
Ulterior
Buried; concealed
Uncanny
Of a strange nature; weird
Uncouth
Awkward; ungainly; crude; uncultured
Unequivocal
Clear; definite
Unique
Without equal; incomparable
Unruly
Not submitting to discipline; disobedient
Unwonted
unusual
Urbane
Cultured; suave
Usurpation
Act of taking something for oneself; seizure
Usury
The act of lending money at illegal rates of interest
Utopia
Imaginary land with perfect social and political systems
Vacuous
Containing nothing; empty
Vagabond
Wanderer; one without a fixed place
Vagrant
A homeless person; rambling; wandering; passing through
Valance
Short drapery hanging over a window frame
Valor
Bravery
Vantage
Position giving an advantage
Vaunted
Boasted of
Velocity
Speed
Vendetta
Feud
Venue
Location
Veracious
Conforming to fact; accurate
Verbatim
Employing the same words as another; literal
Versatile
Having many uses; multifaceted
Vertigo
Dizziness
Vex
To annoy
Vindicate
To free from charge; to clear
Vivacious
Animated; gay
Vogue
Modern fashion
Voluble
Fluent
Waft
To move gently by wind or breeze
Waive
To give up possession or right
Wanton
Unruly; excessive
Warrant
To justify; to authorize
Wheedle
To try to persuade; to coax
Whet
To sharpen
Wrath
Violent or unrestrained anger; fury
Wry
Mocking; cynical
Xenophobia
Fear of foreigners
Yoke
Harness; collar; bond
Yore
Former period of time
Zephyr
A gentle wind