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44 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Give the order of the layers of the alimentary canal wall from inside to out.
1. Mucose
2. Submucosa
3.Muscularis externa
4.Serosa
What layer of GI tract is made of simple columnar tissue?
mucosa
What layer of GI tract consists of blood vessels, glandsm and nerves within it?
submucosa
What layer of GI tract has longitudinal and circular muscle within it?
muscularis externa
What layer of GI tracts is made of connective tissue?
serosa
FUNCTION OF MUCOSA IS..
SECRETION,ABSORPTION,PROTECTION
FUNCTION OF SUBMUCOSA IS..
NUTRITION AND PROTECTION
FUNCTION OF MUSCULARIS EXTERNA IS...
GI MOTILITY
FUNCTION OF SEROSA IS..
REDUCE FRICTION OF ORGANS AND ANCHORS/PROTECTS SURROUNDED ORGAN
GIVE THE ORDER OF THE GI TRACT!
1. ORAL CAVITY
2.PHARYNX
3.ESOPHAGUS
4.STOMACH
5.SMALL INTESTINE
-DUODENUM
-JEJUNUM
-ILLEUM
6. LARGE INTESTINE
-CECUM
-ASCENDING COLON
-TRANSVERSE COLON
-DESCENDING COLON
-SIGMOID COLON
-RECTUM
-ANAL CANAL
WHAT IS DIPLOID AND WHAT IS IT'S SYMBOL?
2N
46 CHROMOSOMES IN HUMAN
WHAT IS HAPLOID AND ITS SYMBOL?
N 23 PAIRS OF GENES: 1 FROM DAD, AND 1 FROM MOM
WHAT IS THE MAIN GOAL OF A GAMETE?
TO REDUCE CHROMOSOME NUMBER TO 23
HOW DOES THE GAMETE ACHIEVE ITS GOAL?
MEOISIS AND MITOSIS
GIVE THE PATH FOR SPERM TO TRAVEL STARTING WITH SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES.
1.TESTIS
2. EPIDIDYMIS
3.VAS DEFERENS
4.AMPULLA OF VAS DEFERENS
5.EJACULATORY DUCT
6.PROSTATIC URETHRA
7.MEMBRANOUS URETHRA
8.SPONGY URETHRA
9.EXTERNAL URETHRAL ORIFICE
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM?
PROVIDE BODY WITH ELECTROLYTES, NUTRIENTS, AND WATER. TO INGEST, DIGEST, AND ABSORB FOOD AND ELIMINATE UNWANTED WASTES BY FECES
DEFINE INSPIRATION ACCORDING TO VOLUME, MUSCLES, PRESSURE,
RIBCAGE, AND DIAPHRAGM.
ACTIVE

VOLUME INCREASES, PRESSURE DECREASES,

MUSCLES CONTRACT, DIAPHRAGM MOVES DOWN, RIBCAGE MOVES UP
DEFINE EXPIRATION.
VOLUME DECREASES, PRESSURE INCREASES, DIAPHRAGM RISES, RIB CAGE LOWERS, MUSCLES RELAX,PASSIVE PROCESS
GIVE ORDER OF AIRWAYS FROM THE TRACHEA DOWN TO THE ALVEOLI.
TRACHEA>MAIN BRONCHUS>LOBAR BRONCHUS>SEGMENTAL BRONCHUS>RESPIRATORY BRONCHIOLES>ALVEOLAR DUCT> ALVEOLAR SAC
AMOUNT OF AIR INHALED OR EXHALED WITH EACH BREATH UNDER RESTING CONDITIONS
TIDAL VOLUME
WHAT IS NUMBER FOR TV?
500 ML
What is the amount of air that can be forcibly inhaled after a normal tidal volume inhalation?
inspiratory reserve volume
What is the number for IRV?
3100 ml
What is the air that can be forcibly exhaled after a normal tidal volume exhalation?
expiratory reserve volume
What is the number for ERV?
1200 ml
What is the maximum amount of air that can be exhaled after a max inspiration?
vital capacity
What is the number for vc?
4800 ml
What is the number for residual volume?
1200 ml
What is the number for inspiratory capacity?
3600 ml
What is the number for forced reserve capacity?
2400 ml
What is the number for total lung capacity?
6000 ml
Give equation for vital capacity.
vc=tv+irv+erv
What does IKI Luegel's detect?
starch
What does benedict's solution detect?
maltose
What is used to detect lipids?
litmus
What does the gallbladder do?
stores bile
What makes the bile?
liver
Where does bile go and what does it digest?
into intestine to digest fats
What does the pancreas do?
secretes enzymes
What does the small intestine need to function?
biles and pancreatic and liver secretions
Where does pancreatic enzymes and bile empty into the duodenum?
hepatopancreatic ampulla and sphincter
What type of tissue has shallow gastic pits?
stomach tissue
What type of tissue has villi on top of its kind of deep pits?
small intestine
What type of tissue has deep pits that hit the submucosa layer that are in the shape of a thermometer?
large intestine