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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Composition of Atmosphere
80%- nitrogen
20%-oxygen
Layers of the atmosphere
Troposphere, tropopause, stratosphere, stratopause, mesosphere, mesopause, thermosphere
Coriolis effect
effect of the Earth's rotation that causes the deflection of moving objects toward the right (N) and left (S)
mT
Maritime tropical
cT
continental tropical
mP
maritime polar
cP
continental polar
atoll
ring-shaped island
guyot
flat-topped seamounts
seamount
cone-shaped mountain peaks
rift valley
valley in the middle of a mid-ocean ridge
continental shelf
flat area before a slope
continental slope
downfall of land after a shelf
abyssal plain
aarea below an undersea river
neap tide
tide of small range at 1/4 phase of moon
spring tide
tide of large range at new moon/full moon
Red Shift
movement away from a point
Blue shift
movement toward a point
chromosphere
inner layer of the susn's atmosphere
corona
thin, relatively dim outer atmosphere of the sun
sunspots
cool spots on the sun
solar flare
sudden outburst of energy that rises in sunspots
solar prominences
huge flamelike arch of material that occur in the corona
solar wind
stream of electrically charged particles
waxing
dark to light
waning
light to dark
solar eclipse
moon is in between sun and earth
lunar eclipse
moon passes into earth's umbra
aquifer
a permeable layer of rock and sediment
aquiclude
impermeable body of rock that absorbs water slowly but does not transmit it
4 Eras
Cenozoic, Mesozoic, paleozoic, and precambrian