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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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Contractions that increase the tension with in a muscle but do not produce movement
Isometric contractions
These make muscles grow larger and stronger.
Contractions in which the muscle shortens to produce movement
Isotonic contractions
When calcium is low, _______ can occur.
Tetany
clinical neurological syndrome characterized by muscular twitching and cramps and (when severe) seizures; associated with calcium deficiency
__________ attach muscles to bones; ___________ connect bones to bones.
Tendons attach muscles to bones; Ligaments connect bones to bones.
Ligaments and tendons have a relatively poor blood supply.
Active range motions mean
The patient takes his or her own joints through all the movements.
Active... meaning the patient is actively contributing...
This occurs when someone else moves the pt's joints without his or her participation...
Passive range of motion
They're letting you do all the work they're being....
Common movements that occur at the synovial joints include...
abduction, adduction, flexion and extension
Synovial joints include: Gliding joints, hinge joints, pivot joints, condyloid joints, saddle joints, and ball-and-socket joints
Which degree of sprain is partial disruption of the involved tissue with more swelling and tenderness?
Second-Degree Sprain.
There are 3 degrees of a sprain. First (mild), Second (moderate) and Third (severe)
A severe sprain can result in a accompanying _________ _________, in which the ligament pulls loose a fragment of the bone.
avulsion fracture
sorry, no hints... I couldn't think of one.
What does R.I.C.E stand for?
Rest, ice, compression, elevation
immediate care focuses on 1. stopping the activity and limitation of movements, 2. applying ice, 3. compressing the involved extremity, 4. elevating the extremity, and providing analgesia as necessary.
Applying cold to an injury can cause __________; while heat causes __________.
Vasodilation
Vasoconstriction
cold is most useful when applied immediately after the injury has occured.
Ice application should not exceed 20-30 minutes per application allowing a warm up time of
10-15 minutes between applications
About 1/2 the time you leave the ice on....
After the acute phase, warm, moist heat may be applied to the affected part to reduce swelling and provide comfort. How long after the injury is the acute phase?
24-48 hours
The patient should be instructed in the use of ice and elevation for 24-48 hours after injury to reduce edema. Heat applications should not exceed 20-30 mins, allowing a cool-down time between.
The most obvious clinical manifestation of a dislocation is __________
per louis:deformity
The injured leg is usually shorter and often found externally rotated on the affected side.
_________ _________ may occur in an extremity after trauma (fracture) or inflammation (carpal tunnel syndrome).
Compartment Syndrome
Symptoms include numbness, tingling, pain or loss of movement in an extremity. Surgery may be indicated if symptoms are severe or prolonged.
_________ _________ __________ is a condition vause by compression of the median nerve, which enters the hand through the narrow confines of the carpal tunnel
Carpal tunnel syndrome
More common in women than men, due to smaller hands
The _____ ______ test is where the arm falls suddenly after the patient is asked to slowly lower the arm to the side after holding it at 90 degrees.
Drop Arm Test
This is a sign of rotator cuff injury
The usual clinical picutre is a feeling of by the patient that the ______ is unstable and that it's "clicking, popping, locking, or giving way." Which injury is this
knee, meniscus injury.
This is a supporting limb. I don't know what else to say.. : )