Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/55

Click to flip

55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
WHAT IS THE PRIMARY PROCESS RESPONSIBLE FOR MAJOR EVOLUTIONARY PROCESSES?
NATURAL SELECTION
DARWINS FINCHES IS AN EXAMPLE OF...
EVOLUTION BY NATURAL SELECTION
DARWIN COLLECTED ____ FINCHES FROM ___ ISLANDS
31;3
DARWIN BELIEVED THAT HIS FINCHES WERE WHAT KIND OF BIRDS?
WRENS
DARWIN ACTUALLY HAD ___ SPECIES OF FINCHES
14
THE _____ CAME TO THE CONCLUSION THAT THE DIFFERENCES IN BEAK SIZE REFLECT GENETIC DIFFERENCES
GRANTS
THE GRANTS BASICALLY AGREED WITH DARWIN AND REALIZED THAT THE CHANGES IN BEAK DEPTH REPRESENT EVOLUTIONARY CHANGE RESULTING FROM...
NATURAL SELECTION
WHAT 3 THINGS ARE KNOWN AS THE EVIDENCE FOR EVOLUTION?
DIRECT OBSERVATION OF CHANGE
FOSSIL RECORD
COMPARITIVE BIOLOGY
NAME 4 EXAMPLES OF DIRECT OBSERVATION OF CHANGE
FINCHES,INDUSTRIAL MELANISM,ARTIFICIAL SELECTION AND PESTICIDE/DRUG RESISTANCE
THE _____ ______ IS AN EXAMPLE OF THE HISTORICAL RECORD OF CHANGE
FOSSIL RECORD
THE GALAPOGOS FINCHES HAVE UNDERGONE REPEATED _______ ON THE ISLANDS
SPECIATION
BESIDES DARWIN WHO ELSE EXAMINED FINCHES?
PETER AND ROSEMARY GRANT
THE G.FORTIS OCCUPIES..
THE ISLA DAPHNE MAJOR
WHAT YEAR WAS A BAD TIME FOR G.FORTIS?
1977
______ BILLED BIRDS WERE MORE LIKELY TO SURVIVE THE DROUGHT
BIGGER
WHEN THE ENVIROMENT CHANGES,NATURAL SELECTION MAY FAVOR NEW TRAITS IN A SPECIES. EXAMPLE OF...
INDUSTRIAL MELANISM
MOTHS---BLACK INDIVIDUALS HAVE THE ______ ALLELE
DOMINANT
BEFORE THE INDUSTRIALIZED REVOLUTION THE _____ FORM OF MOTHS WERE RARE.
BCUZ OF POLLUTION THIS FORM INCREASED
DARK
WHICH COLOR OF MOTH DECREASED DUE TO POLLUTION?
LIGHT COLORED
______ _______ REFERS TO THE PROCESS BY WHICH DARKER INDIVIDUALS COME TO PREDOMINATE OVER LIGHTER INDIVIDUALS
INDUSTRIAL MELANISM
NATURAL SELECTION IS NOW WORKING ____ THE MELANIC ALLELE
AGAINST
ARTIFICIAL SELECTION IS AN ANALOGY ISED BY _______
DARWIN
DROSOPHILIA LAB EXPERIMENTS ON BRISTLE # AND PLEIOTROPISM ARE EXAMPLES OF...
ARTIFICIAL SELECTION
AN EXPERIMENT WITH CORN REPRESENTS THE ABILITY OF _______ _______ FOR DESIRABLE TRAITES
ARTIFICIAL SELECTION
______ _______ IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE VARIETY OF BREEDS OF DOMESTIC ANIMALS
ARTIFICIAL SELECTION
DOMESTICATION HAS ALSO LED TO ________ SELECTION FOR SOME TRAITS
UNINTENTIONAL
ARTIFICIAL SELECTION LEADS TO _____ AND ______ RESULTS OVER A SHORT PERIOD OF TIME
RAPID AND SUBSTANTIAL
WHAT DOES FOSSIL MEAN IN LATIN?
DUG UP
THE _____ ______ IS THE MOST DIRECT EVIDENCE FOR EVOLUTION
FOSSIL RECORD
FOSSILS ARE NOT ALWAYS TURNED TO ____
ROCK
FOSSILIZATION IS RARE,THERE ARE ______ _______ FOR FOSSILIZATION TO OCCUR
SPECIFIC CONDITIONS
SOFTER ORGANISMS ARE LESS LIKELY TO _______
FOSSILIZE
BY ______ THE ROCKS IN WHICH FOSSILS OCCUR WE CAN GET AN ACCURATE IDEA OF HOW OLD THE FOSSILS ARE
DATING
IN DARWINS DAY,ROCKS WERE DATED BY THERE POSITION WITH RESPECT TO ONE ANOTHER;ROCKS IN DEEPER STRATA ARE GENERALLY OLDER...THIS IS CALLED
RELATIVE DATING
______ DATING IS TAKING ADVANTAGE OF RADIOACTIVE DECAY TO AGE ROCKS
ABSOLUTE
____-____ IS THE AMOUNT OF TIME FOR 1/2 OF THE ORIGINAL AMTTO BE TRANSFORMED
HALF-LIFE
THE CONSTANT PROBABAILITY OF DECAY IS MEASURED BY....
HALF-LIFE
THE FOSSIL RECORD AND ______ DATING DOCUMENT EVOLUTIONARY CHANGE OVER ENOURMOUS SPANS OF TIME
RADIOMETRIC
WHEN FOSSILS ARE ARRAYED FROM ______ TO ______ THEY SHOW EVIDENCE FOR EVOLUTIONARY CHANGE
OLDEST TO YOUNGEST
THERE ARE GAPS IN THE ______ ______
FOSSIL RECORD
HORSES ARE CLASSIFIED IN THE GENUS _____
EQUUS
HORSES USED TO BE THE SIZE OF _____ _____
HOUSE CATS
HORSES TEETH USED TO BE ____ AND RELATIVELY SIMPLE IN ______
SMALL;SHAPE
WHAT 3 CHANGES ARE THERE IN HORSES?
INCREASE IN SIZE,CHANGE IN LEG BONES,CHANGE IN TEETH
HORSE EVOLUTION HAS NOT BEEN ______ THRU TIME
CONSTANT
FLIPPERS FLIPPER AND UR ARM
HORSES HOOF AND NAIL OF MIDDLE FINGER ARE EXAMPLES OF...
HOMOLOGOUS STRUCTURES
______ ______ EVOLVED AS MODIFICATIONS OF PREEXISTING STRUCTURES
CONTEMPORARY
THE FORELIMBS OF VERTEBRAES ARE _______ STRUCTURES
HOMOLOGOUS
______ STRUCTURES HAVE NO FUNCTION BUT RESEMBLE STRUCTURE THIER ANCESTORS HAD
VESTIGIAL
WIGGLING OF EARS IN HUMANS AND MAMMALS ARE EXAMPLES OF WUT KIND OF STRUCTURES?
VESTIGIAL STRUCTURES
______ ______ WHEN SELECTION HAS TENDED TO FAVOR CHANGES THAT MADE THE 2 GROUPS MORE ALIKE,THEIR PHENOTYPES HAVE CONVERGED
CONVERGENT EVOLUTION
GIVE AN EXAMPLE OF CONVERGENT EVOLUTON
MARUPIAS AND PLACENTALS
CACATUSES IS ANOTHER EXAMPLE OF ______ ______
CONVERGENT EVOLUTION
THE CACTUS,SPURGE AND MILKWEED FAMILIES ARE ONLY DISTANTLY RELATED WITHIN THE ______
DICOTS
EVOLUTION MAKES WORKABLE STRUCTURES THAT REFLECT THEIR HISTORY,NOT PERFECT ONE DESIGNED FROM SCRATCH.AN EXAMPLE OF...
IMPERFECT STRUCTURES