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8 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
transformatio
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene from another strain or bacteria
nucleotide
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base
base-paring
principle that bonds in DNA can form only btween adenine and thymine and between guanine and cytosine
chromotain
granular materialvisable within the nucleus, consist of tighly coiled proteins
histone
globular protein molecule around which DNA is tighly coiled in a chromtain
replication
copying process by which a cell duplicates its DNA
DNA polymerase
enzyme that proofreads new DNA strands, helping to ensure that each molecule is a nearly perfect copy
Gene
sequence of of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines a trait