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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Men need a greater intake of what two things?
calories and protein
Women need more what than men due to menstruation
Pregnant and ___ women need increased caloric and fluid needs
_____ block the flow of bile causing impairment of lipid absorption.
When you have a burn what do you lose through the skin?
Around what time does the birthweight of an infant double?
4-6 months
1 year
When can a child begin receiving cow milk?
1 year
Honey and corn syrup are potential sources of what
Post menopausal women need an increase in both ___ and vitamin D.
Why do elderly need fewer calories?
because of decreased metabolic rate and activity
These people can drink milk but won't eat eggs, poultry or meat.
A BMI of 26-30 kg/m2 would indicate what
A BMI of >30 kg/m2 would indicate what?
This is a body measurement that describes a persons relative weight correct for height. Divide the weight in lbs by height in inches squared x 704.5 . Ideal is around 25
This type of measurement is a noninvasive technique that measure size and makeup of the body. Skin fold measurement determine fat stores, tricep folds.
Standard for men 12.5 mm and women 16.5 mm.
midarm circumference men 29.3 and female 28.5
One lb of weight equals how much fluid?
500 ml
Normal hemoglobin is _____ g/dL. A decreased level would indicate anemia.
Normal hematocrit is _____ % a decrease would indicate anemia and dehydration
Serum albumin norms are ____ g/dL. A decrease- malnutrition, prolonged protein depletion and malabsorption
3.5 - 5
This normal is 240-480 mg/ dL. This is the protein that binds and carries iron.
a decrease would indicate protein loss, iron deficiency anemia, pregnancy, hepatic or live problems.
Total ____ normal is > 1800 if this is decreased it may indicate impaired nutritional intake,severe.
____ measures protein catabolism. It is the end product of amino acid metabolism. The concentration of this in the blood and urine reflects the intake and breakdown of protein.
BUN norm 17-18 mg/dl
increase- starvation, increased protein intake and severe dehydration.
a decrease: malnutrition, overhydration
Nitrogen balance normal is 2-3, it compares the nitrogen intake (grams of _____) to the nitrogen output.
Intake: divide total proteins ingested in 24 hours by 6.25.
Output: 24 hour urinary urea nitrogen.
Nitrogen balance is derived by subtracting the output from the intake .
_____ nitrogen balance (2-3). Intake exceeds output, ideal for tissue building.
____ nitrogen balance. Output exceeds intake, less than 2 catabolis or tissue destruction state.
____ normal is 0.4-1.5 mg/dL reflects a persons total muscle mass. chief end product of this is produced when energy is released during skeletal muscle metabolism. the greater the mass the greater the excretion of this.
Increase- dehydration
decrease- reduction in total muscle mass and severe malnutrition
Red cracks at side of mouth may indicate what type of deficiency?
vitamin b deficiency
Insulin, glucocorticoids and thyroid hormones affect what?
With upper GI problems(ulcers, GERD) avoid food that increase ____ (caffeine, milk, citrus juices, and seasonings),
With lower GI (crohns, colitis, IBS, Diverticulitis) increase fiber, low fat diet, small meals and avoid what?
With this disease you should have a Gluten free diet?
Celiac Disease
How much sodium should a person with Cardiovascular disease consume in a day?
2400 mg or less
Patients with _____ disorders do better with a diet slightly higher in fat to maintain a lower RQ ratio.
CO 2 production to 02 production is RQ.
RQ CHO is 1.0.
RQ of fat is 0.7.
What should be restricted with a patient with acute renal failure?
protein and potassium
with this patient you would restrict protein, fluid, phosphorus, potassium and sodium
dialysis patient
A person with this would need to consume a decreased amount of calcium?
kidney stones
This is a difficulty of swallowing due to painfully inflamed throat or stricture of the esophagus can prevent a person from obtaining adequate nutrition.