Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which type of demetia has short term memory impairment, difficulty recognizing what numbers mean, loss if initiative and interests, decreased judgement, and geographic disorientation
mild or early dementia
What type of dementia has impaired ability to recognize people, agitation, wandering, loss of remote memory, confusion, impaired comprehension, inability to do simple tasks, apraxia, receptive aphasia, expressive aphasia, insomnia, delusions, illusions, hallucination, and behavioral problems
moderate or middle dementia
what type of dementia cannot process info, cannot understand words, difficulty eating, swallowing, repetitious works or sounds, unable to perform ADL's immobility incontinence?
severe or late
This type of test done for dementia may reveal presence of vascular brain lesion and or atrophy? it picks up on subtle changes
This is a chronic progressive, degenerative disease of the brain, 4 million americans suffer from it, may have a slightly higher incidence in African Americans and Hispanic American, it is also associated with lower socioeconomic status and education level and poor and is more common in women?
Alzheimer's Disease
Pathophysiology of this disease shows presence of neurtic plaques, neurofibrillary tangles and is diagnosed by exclusion, a sure diagnosis can only be made on autopsy?
Alzheimer's Disease
Early warning signs of Alzheimer's Disease include: memory loss that affect job skills, difficulty performing familiar tasks, problems iwth language, disorientation to time/place, poor or decreased judgment, problems with abstract thinking, misplacing things, changes in mood/behavior, changes in personality and loss of initiative.
no answer
What three cholinesterase inhibitors may improve or stabilize cognitive delice in some people?
Aricept, Exelon, and Reminyl
What three drugs treat depression?
Zoloft, Elavil, Tofranil
What four drugs treat agitation?
Haldol, Seroquel, Ativan, and Risperdal
What drug is used for sleep disturbances?
What herb decreases plaques and has antiinflammatory properties?
ginkgo biloba
What herb helps treat problems with sleep?
This is a rare, uniformly fatal brain disorder caused by prion protein. A variant of this is Mad Cow disease. Bovine spongiform encephalopathy, diagnosis only made by autopsy, death occurs 7 months to 1 yr due to infection, respiratory and heart failure?
Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease
What is a cluster of degenerating axonal and dendritic nerve terminals that contain amyloid-beta protein?
neuritic plaque
These are seen in the cytoplasm of abnormal neurons in those areas of the brain (hippocampus, cerebral cortex) most affected by Alzheimer's Disease? In the cerebral cortex they are found in those areas of the brain associated with cognition, learning, sleep, and memory?
neurofibrillary tangles
This is a condition characterized by the presence of Lewy bodies (intraneural cytoplasmic inclusions) in the brainstem and cortex. This disease has features of both AD and Parkinson's?
Lewy Body disease
This disease is a type of frontotemporal demetia, it is a rare brain disorder characterized by disturbances in behavior, sleep, personality, and eventually memory. Distinguish from AD there is marked symmetric lobar atrophy of the temporal and or frontal lobes. There is no specific treatment
Pick's disease
_____ is a temporary state of mental confusion and is acute in onset.
_____ is a state of memory loss, loss of orientation, attention, language difficulties, behavioral changes and judgement and reasoning problems. It is inciduous progressive disease with slow onset. Start to see manifestations as they are more advanced.
Causes of delirium
Acute Metabolic
Cns pathology
Acute vascular
Heavy metals
no answer
____ is rapid onset, ___ is usually insiduous, depression may be both.
delirium; dementia
____ may be worse at night, dementia may be constant, depression may be worse in morning.
___ is treatable when dementia is caused by an initially treatable disease process it may be reversed if treatment is effective and quick. May not be treatable is it is caused by one of more untreatable problems such as neurodegenerative disorders, and multiinfarct dementia.