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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Karl Lueger
Born in Vienna and mayor of Vienna.
Known for his antisemitism. He was an inspiration to Hitler and advocated racist policies against all non-German speaking minorities in Austria-Hungary.
Herschel Grynszpan
was born on March 28, 1921, in Hannover, Germany. He faught back against Nazi oppression. His Family was deported to Poland in boxcars. He wanted to kill the ambassador, but he was arrested.
Invasion of the Ruhr
between 1923 and 1925, by troops from France and Belgium. It was a response to the failure of the German Weimar Republic to pay reparations in the aftermath of World War I.
The Spartacus League
At the end of 1914 a group of socialists created this underground "league". They were on the left wing of the Social Democratic party and opposed Germany's involvement in WWI
Jewish homes were destroyed along with 8,000 jewish shops, town, and villages. SA stormtroopers destroyed them. "Night of the Broken Glass"
Reindhardt Heydrich
chief of the Reich Security Main Office. Reich governor of Bohemia and Moravia. Adolf Hitler considered him a possible successor. Heydrich was one of the architects of the Holocaust, chairing the 1942 Wannsee conference, which finalized plans for the extermination of all European Jews. He was wounded in an assisination attempt.
Paul Von Hindenburg
Hindenburg was victorious in the Battle of Tannenberg and the Battle of the Masurian Lakes against the Russian armies. Made him a national Hero. Promoted to the rank of field marshal and finally became Chief of General Staff.
He ran for re-election in 1932 and defeated Hitler--he opposed nazi party but gave in and appointed Hitler chancellor. President of Germany.
were administrative bodies that the Germans required Jews to form in each ghetto in General Government. These bodies were responsible for local government in the ghetto, and stood between the Nazis and the ghetto population. They were generally composed of leaders of the Jewish community.
Wilhelm Marr
He was a German agitator and theorist, who coined the term "antisemitism". He was a journalist and claimed he lost his job due to Jewish interferance. Was a political conservative.
Night and Fog
Was a directive that Hitler signed on December 7, 1941 that implemented the kidnapping and dissapearance of many political activists throughout Nazi Germany.
Due to his military leadership in World War I, he was viewed as a hero in France, but his actions during World War II resulted in a conviction and death sentence for treason. It was later diminished to life in prison.
was the French government from July 1940 to August 1944, which succeeded the Third Republic. willfully collaborated with Nazi Germany, to a high degree: raids to capture Jews and other "undesirables"
were paramilitary groups operated by the SS before and during World War II. Their principal task,was the annihilation of the Jews, Gypsies, and political commissars.
was the codename for the Council for Aid to Jews. an underground organization in Nazi-occupied Poland from 1942 to 1945.
It is a southwestern Berlin bourough, in Germany. The famous Wannsee conference held on January 20, 1942. The purpose of the conference has subsequently been alleged to inform senior Nazis and senior Governmental administrators of plans for the Final solution.
The Enabling Act
was passed by Germany's parliament The Act enabled Chancellor Adolf Hitler and his cabinet to enact laws without the participation of the Reichstag
were work units of Nazi death camp prisoners forced to aid the killing process. The term itself in German means "special unit" and was part of the vague and euphemistic language which the Nazis used to refer to aspects of the Final Solution.
German-Soviet Pact
On August 23, 1939, four days after the economic agreement was signed and a little over a week before the beginning of World War II, Ribbentrop and Molotov signed the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact. Publicly, this agreement stated that the two countries - Germany and the Soviet Union - would not attack each other. It was supposed to last for 10 year but only lasted 2.
Kurt Gerstein
He had close links to the Christian anti-Nazi Resistance and remained very active in the youth groups. He joined the Nazi party in 1933, was very critical of Nazi blasphemies, he was expelled from the party in 1936. In 1938, he was arrested by the Gestapo and sentenced to a term in a concentration camp.
I.G. Farben
was a German conglomerate of companies formed in 1925 and even earlier during World War I. Farben is German for "paints", "dyes", or "colors",