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68 Cards in this Set

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What city is known as the “avante-garde capital of the world?”
Paris
Be able to identify a description of Man Ray’s film The Return To Reason.
Randomly scattered springs, nails, tacks, salt and pepper and other items over strips of film and then exposed the film to light.
Which surrealist filmmaker’s films were known as being part of the “Theatre of Cruelty”
Georges Franju
Which film did Georges Franju make that was about a slaughter house where in one scene a horse is butchered?
Blood of the Beasts
What film was inspired by two directors discussing dreams they had had and what were their names? (The film features a woman’s eyeball being sliced by a razor blade.
The Andalusian Dog - directors, Salvador Dali and Louis Bunuel
What genre is My Man Godfrey a part of?
Screwball Comedy
Name the Big 5 Studios
Paramount, MGM (Lowes), Fox, Warner Brothers, RKO
Name the Little 3 Studios
Universal, Columbia, United artists
What is the Bell & Howell Rotambulator?
A 700 lb dolly that could raise the camera vertically 18 inches to 7 feet and it could pan, tilt and track with ease
What studio was known for making horror movies?
Universal
What is historically significant about the film Flowers & Trees?
First film to use Technicolor
What are the characteristics of screwball comedies?
1) the couple is initially antagonistic, 2) set among wealthy people who can act oddly 3) couple often crosses class lines
What genre does “I am a Fugitive from a Chain Gang” belong to?
Social Problem Film
List three technical innovations in Hollywood from 1930-1945
Sound Recording, Camera Movement and Technicolor
Approx. how many people went to the movies each week during the three years following WWII?
80-90 million
What percentage of HUAC victims were able to resume their careers?
10 percent
What did the Paramount Decision/Decree ban?
Block booking
What is the definition of film-noir?
Hollywood films of the 40s and early 50s which portrayed the world of dark, slick city streets, crime and corruption.
What are the two films that United Artists released despite the fact that the films were not given MPAA certificates?
The Moon is Blue and The Man With the Golden Arm
Who popularized the “package unit approach” to negotiating a deal?
Lou Wasserman
What two films was Ed Wood famous for making?
1) Plan 9 from Outer Space and 2) Glen or Glenda
What two films marked the beginning and end of film noir 1941-1958?
The Maltese Falcon (beginning) Touch of Evil (end)
What is a crab dolly?
a piece of film equipment that allowed fluid movement of the camera in any direction.
What film did we screen that is representative of Film Noir?
Double Indemnity
Who were the Hollywood Ten?
10 alleged communists who were blacklisted by producers
What are the three goals of European Art Cinema?
to 1) Change Hollywood Norms, 2) the way we see the world and 3) the way we watch movies
Be able to identify the descriptions of the characteristics of post war modernism form and style objective reality, subjective reality, and authorial commentary.
Objective Realism is when nothing happens, Subjective realism is when there are dreams and hallucination, Authorial commentary is when they are pointing out something about the events we see
What are the differences b/w CHC and EAC?
(CHC) Narrative Transitivity - (EAC) Intransitivity (CHC) Identification - (EAC) Estrangement (CHC) Transparency - (EAC) Foregrounding (CHC) Single Diegesis - (EAC) Multiple Diegesis (CHC) Closure - (EAC) Aperture (CHC) Pleasure - (EAC) Displeasure (CHC) Fiction – (EAC) Reality
What 3 things did Cesare Zavattini recommend that filmmakers should do?
1) abolish contrived plots 2) get rid of professional actors 3) take it to the streets
What was Cesare Zavattini’s opinion about what films should present?
Films should depict the drama hidden in everyday events
What are the characteristics of Italian Neo-Realism?
1) Loose Plot, Improvisation 2) Non-Professional Actors 3) On Location Shooting 4) Visual Roughness of Documentary 5) Open Ended 6) Social Commentary
What is the name of the film and the director we screened that is representative of Italian Neorealism?
The Bicycle Thief, The director was named Vittorio De Sica
What is the name of the editing technique Jean Luc Godard used in his film Breathless?
Jump cut
What is the name of the magazine that many of the French New Wave (Nouvelle Vague) directors had once written film critiques for?
Cahiers du Cinema
What types of films are Sergio Leone famous for making?
Spaghetti Westerns
What country did the “kitchen sink” trend occur in?
Britain
What were Rucksacfilmes?
Young German filmmakers who depicted germany in the 1960s as a land of broken marriages, soured affairs, casual sex and rebellious youth
Who was Andre Tarkovsky?
The most celebrated young director in the Soviet Union who directed “Ivan’s Childhood”
Which Japanese New Wave director called for “active subject” cinema in which the director expressed his deepest passions, anxieties, and obsessions?
Nagisa Oshima
What is the name of the director and film we watched that was representative of French New Wave? ALSO know if it was part of the RIGHT BANK or the LEFT BANK.
Jean-Luc Godard, Right Bank, A Woman is a Woman
What film is considered to be the first feature “documentary?”
Nanook of the North
What are the five characteristics of “Direct Cinema?”
1) Smaller crew, lighter and more mobile sound, and camera equipment 2) Rejection of traditional scripts 3) Director lets action unfold naturally (avoid staging or interference) 4) A "fly on the wall approach" to documentary filmmaking 5) Commonly shot 200+ HOURS of footage to make a 90 minute film
What was the name of the Oceanographer who perfected undersea photography?
Jacques Cousteau
What is the name of the film (and director) about John F Kennedy’s 1960 presidential campaign?
Primary, directed by Robert Drew
What is the name of the documentary film maker who used “crisis structures?”
Robert Drew
Give a description of Direct Cinema?
A new trend in cinema that emerged between 1958 and 1963 where instead of staged scenes dominated by voice over narration the new documentary would let action unfold naturally and let people speak for themselves
What is the name of the documentary we screened?
Following Sean
Know the difference between Direct Cinema and Cinema Verite.
Direct Cinema is an observational American style of documentary, Cinema Verite is a provocational European style of cinema (This will probably be a T/F question)
Why did the Hays Code (aka production code of 1930) finally came to an end in 1968?
Change in cultural values such as changing attitudes towards premarital sex, youth protest movements, social movements like women’s lib, etc...
Name the characteristics of New Hollywood Cinema
1) Likeable anti-heros 2) Open, often unhappy endings 3) Reflect the period’s values 4) Graphic, cynical look at sex and violence 5) Mix of the comic and the serious 6) Self-conscious cinematic effects 7) More on-location shooting 8) Influenced by EAC 9) Very Personal Cinema 10) Cinema of Auteurs
What was Bonnie and Clyde known for? (Penn 1967)
Explicit violence, likable anti-heroes
What was The Graduate known for? (Nichols 1967)
Intergenerational Romance, sex
What was Easy Rider known for? (Hopper 1969)
Realistic representations of drug use
What was The Wild Bunch known for? (Peckinpah 1969)
Excessive Violence, blood spurting.
What was The Learning Tree known for? (1969 Gordon Parks)
First African American director of a major feature film for a major US studio
What was the name of the blaxploitation film Gordon Parks made?
Shaft
What was Midnight Cowboy known for? (Schlesinger 1969)
Only X-Rated Films to win Oscar for Best Picture
What film did we screen that that is representative of New Hollywood Cinema?
Dog Day Afternoon
What are the two modes of production New Hollywood Directors drew from in making their films?
EAC and CHC
What does “saturation release” mean?
a movie opens in as many theaters as possible on opening weekend
What film was the first to gross 100 million dollars?
Jaws
What film was the first to gross 1 BILLION+?
Titanic
What are the characteristics of Blockbusters?
1) technically advanced 2) formulaic entertainment 3) entertainment oriented 4) rarely an overt political message 5) importance of overseas market, cross marketing, ancillary products 6) saturation release : a movie opens in as many theaters as possible on opening weekend 7) sequels
What are the names of the most famous national and international film festivals?
International is Caans, American is Sundance
What is the MAXIMUM window of time upon release does a film have to become a hit?
3 weeks
Know about the “myth” of how Robert Rodriguez made the film El Mariachi (what did his $7000 actually only cover).
only covered the film stock
How much did it cost to make Brothers McMullen and how much did it gross?
100,000 made 10.2 million
Identify titles of at least at least three of the independent films we watched clips of in class.
?