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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
something from outside brought into ourselves through the senses
image
"That which we call a rose / By any other name would smell as sweet"
an image that is clearly real and solid
concrete
"... the shark / Glides white through the phosphorous sea."
an image meant to represent something else
abstract
"And the divine entity was a being of meteorology."
a prose meaning of a text
paraphrase
"And he twas pleased / For he was a live being"

"He was happy cause he wasn't dead."
a poem that directly expresses the emotion of its speaker
lyric
Western wind, when will thou blow,
The small rain down can rain?
Christ! if my love were in my arms,
And I in my bed again!
a poem that expresses itself self-consciously, in a longer form than a lyric
ode
Oh couches are so great,
They are so darn awesome,
I sat on one while I ate,
And then I lost my kingdom.
They are still the best,
And I love them oh so much,
Even when one's on my chest,
As long as it's not a bunch.

BTW, that's a really damn bad example. But I hope you get the point. GO COUCHES.
a comparison using "like" or "as"
simile
"I am like Winston Churchill."

(who's winston churchill?)
a comparison not using "like" or "as"

We transfer from one thing the identity of another that we associate with it.
metaphor
The heart of a cruel man is a stone.
if A is like B, then C is like D
analogy
CDs are to DVDs as Medal of Honour is to Call of Duty - faster, but worse.
interpretation of data of one sense in terms of another
synesthesia
"To the bugle, every colour is red."
an incomplete reference that those who share our knowledge will understand
allusion
"Out, out, silly monk!"
refers to Shakespeare's line in Macbeth:
"Out, out, brief candle! / Life's but a walking shadow..."
giving an inanimate object human characteristics
personification
The D is desperate for recognition and love.
stories that use personification to explain things
mythology
Leda and the Swan
"a part for the whole"
synecdoche
All hands on deck!
referring to something with a name associated with it
metonymy
"I saw the Axe today!"

"The scepter, learning, physic must
All follow this, and come to dust."
an image that stands for more than it denotes
symbol
A dagger is a symbol of murder.
a narrative in which characters and their actions stand for ideas on a different level
allegory
Stories such as Aesop's fables.
statement that implies a contradiction
paradox
"Born but to die, and reasoning but to err..."
linking opposite words with different meanings
oxymoron
Military intelligence, sports bar, etc.
directing attention to a play of opposites
irony
Saying "lovely weather!" in the middle of an icy downpour.
an image that is not directly or entirely given
withheld image
Guess what?
asserting a truth while denying the opposite
litotes
Not bad!
dramatic overstatement
hyperbole
That was the best f'king cracker I've ever had!