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26 Cards in this Set

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What are the 4 types of waste?
1. Human
2. Liquid
3. Garbage
4. Rubbish
What is the water requirement per person, per day in a temperate zone?
5 GALLONS
A latrine can be no closer than what distance to a water source?
100 ft
What is Potable water?
Water that is safe to drink
What are the measurements of a straddle trench?
1 ft wide, 4 ft long and 2 1/2 ft deep
How many gallons of water will a Lister bag hold?
36 gallons
How deep is a cat hole?
6 to 12 inches
What is a communicable disease?
A disease that ca be transmitted person to person, animal to person and insect to person
What are the 5 "fs" of Field Sanitation?
1. Fingers
2. Feces
3. Flies
4. Foods
5. Fluids
What is the best protection against disease or biological warfare?
Immunization and personal hygiene
What Field Manual covers Field Sanitation?
FM 21-10
What is Field Sanitation?
The use of measures to create and maintain healthful environmental conditions, these include safeguarding food, safeguarding water, and controlling disease bearing insects and rodents.
What is a vector?
Any living organism that can carry a disease-producing virus
What is palatable water?
Water that is pleasing to the taste, but which may be unsafe
What are the 5 communicable disease grouped by the Army?
1. Respiratory
2. Intestinal
3. Insect borne
4. Venereal
5. Miscellaneous
What are some diseases carried by the fly?
• Typhoid
• Cholera
• Dysentery
What 3 rules apply to water discipline in the field?
1. Drink only from approved sources
2. Conserve water
3. Do not contaminate your sources
What are the three most common poison plants?
1. Poison ivy
2. Poison oak
3. Poison sumac
Where should the latrine be located in relation to the mess hall?
At least 100 meters downhill or downstream
What are some of the diseases carried by the mosquito?
• Malaria
• Dengue
• Yellow Fever
• Encephalitis
• Filariasis
What are some methods for human waste disposal?
Straddle trench, mound latrine, burn out latrine, deep pit, bore hole latrines, pail latrines, and urine soak pits
How far should garbage pits be located away from the mess area?
30 yards and no closer than 100 ft from any water sources.
Enough straddle trenches should be dug to accommodate what percentage of the unit at one time?
8 percent
Water that is not properly treated can spread what diseases?
• Common diarrhea,
• Leptospirosis
• Cholera
• Dysentery
• Bacillary
• Typhoid
• Paratyphoid fever
What are two ways to purify water?
Iodine tablets and boiling
Who gives the final approval on whether water is safe to drink?
Medical personnel