Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/190

Click to flip

190 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Feedstuffs such as hay and silage are classified as ___
Roughages
The gross energy of a feed consumed minus the gross energy excreted in the feces is ___
Digestable Energy
Amino Acids are the buiding blocks of ___
Protein
Feed that is provided to young animals as an extra ration and is fed in an area that is inaccesible to the mothers is called a ___
Finishing ration
Vitamins that are stored in the body and need not to be consumed everyday are ___
Fat soluble
What is the basic source of carbohydrates in swine rations?
Alfalfa Meal
Feed aditives added to a ration to control internal parsites are ___
Anthelmintics
Which vitamin is in the category of water-soluble?
Vitamin C
How well an animal likes or accepts a feed is refered to as the ___
Palatibility
The wieght of the chilled carcass compared to the live wieght of a beef animal is the ___
Yield
The removal of testicles from a male animal is___
Castration
Feder calves classed as yearlings usually wiegh ___
550 to 700 lbs
A diesease carried by insects that affect the eyes of cattle is ___
Pinkeye
Beef cattle categorized as American breeds have what breed as a genetic base?
Brahman
Which exotic breed of cattle originatd from Italy?
Chianina
What breed of cattle used in United States came from Australia?
Murray Grey
The amount of fat cover on a market steer is referred to as ___
Finish
Which state produces the most beef cattle?
Kansas
Which breed of cattle decended from Spanish Andalusian cattle brought over by columbus on his second voyage?
Texas Longhorn
Shep and Cattle both have multiple stomachs referred to as an
Ruminant
The physical apperance of an animal is known as ___
Phenotype
A nutritional problem in cattle characterized by swelling of the tissue that attatches the hoof to the foot and lameness of the animal ___
Founder
The degree to which the crossbred offspring out performs its purebred parents is ___
Hybrid Vigor
An animal that has extremely straight hind legs is best described as being ___
Post-legged
A method of animal identification that uses temperature to change pigment of color of the skin is ___
Freeze brand
The most prevalent fine-wool breed of sheep in the United States is the ___
Rambouillet
More than one-half of all cossbreed sheep in the US carry some percentage of this paticular breed___
Rambouillet
The gestation time for sheep is ___
148 days
Which trait has the hieghest heritability estimate in sheep?
Post weaning rate of gain
The average age of puberty in sheep is ___
6 months
Fat present in muscle tissue is known as ___
Marbling
EPD stands for ___
Expected Proginy difference
Swine are in a class of animals which consume both plant and animal products known as ___
Omnivores
The most common swine identification system is ___
Ear notching
One common characeristic between Yorkshire, Chester white, Landrace, and English Large White is ___
Color
What trait of a hog refers to its ability to raise large litters of pigs?
Maternal Quality
Which common breed of swine was imported to the US from Denmark?
Landrace
What do Hampshire, Polands, and Berkshires have in common?
Color
Which breed of swine is considered the oldest?
Berkshire
What is the most important nutrient in a swine ration?
Water
Which of the following breeds of swine is best on performance in litter size?
Landrace
Abortion early in the gestation period is a common symptom of ___
Brucellosis
An injection given directly into the blood stream when fast action is needed ___
Intravenous
Newborn animals recieve immunity to diseases by drinking ___
Colostrums
What hormone is produced primarliy by the testes in male animals?
Testosterone
The age at which an animal reaches sexual maturity is __
Puberty
What country produces the most swine?
China
Which of the following countries has the most sheep?
Australia
The use of living organisms on their livestock products is also known as ___
Biotechnology
The reflex and response that an animal has at birth is ___
Instinct
A breed of cattle that originated in Scotland that has a smooth hair coat, black in color, polled, and is one of the most popular breeds in the US today ___
Angus
The record of the ansestors of a paticular animal is recorded in its ___
Pedigree
The class of sheep that are evaluated more on the quality of their fleece than other sheep are known as ___
Fine Wool breeds
Breeds of cattle that are used for both milk and meat production are considered to be ___
Dual purpose breeds
Animals that through selection and breeding have come to resemble one another and pass those traits uniformly to their offspring are defined as___
A breed
The first breed of beef cattle imported to the US in the late 1700s was the ____
Short horn
What is an animal resulting from the mating of two different breeds?
cross bred
Which common breed of swine was imported to the US from Denmark?
landrace
The majority of composite breeds of cattle in the US use what breed as a foundation?
Brahman
Modern domestic cattle evolved from what single early ancestor?
Aurochs
Foot rot is a ____ disease.
Fungal
Nutrients which an animal can synthesize for growth and maintenance are in a category called_______.
Non-essential nutrients
Sheep rations typically consist of 80-90% ________.
roughage
Which of the following minerals is categorized as a micro mineral?
Potasium
Feed stuffs such as hay and silage are classified as _____
Roughages
Amino acids are the building blocks of ________
protein
The ability to initiate, sustain and support reproduction
Fertility
How well an animal likes or accepts a feed is refered to as the _________
palatability
What is the most important nutrient in a swine ration?
Water
The total protein contained in a feed is _______protein
crude
Which of the following elements is not a component of a carbohydrate?
nitrogen
Which of the following feeds is highest in total digestible nutrients?
soybean meal
Feed additives used to prevent disease and promote growth are _______
antibiotics
Carbohydrates make up approximately ____% of a ration
75%
Swine are in a class of animals that consume both plants and meat known as _______
omnivores
The physical appearance of an animal is known as _______
phenotypes
The removal of the testicals from a male animal is ______
castration
The secretion and production of milk in sheep, cattle and swine is known as ____
lactation
The degree to which the crossbred offspring outperforms its purebred parents is _______
hybrid vigor
The gestation time for cattle is _______
283 days
EPD stands for _____
Expected progony difference
A market where cattle are sold by public bidding with the animals going to the highest bidder
auction market
Which of the following traits is considered undesirable when judging market lambs
early maturing
The gestation time for swine is ____
114 days
When evaluating swine performance data litter weights are adjusted to a standard of how many days?
21
The testes produce sperm cells in the male sex hormone _____
testosterone
The process of taking food nutrients through the intestinal wall is _______
absorbption
The reflex and response that an animal has to birth is ____
instinct
External fat on a lamb carcass is measured between which two ribs?
12th and 13th
The tube that carries air into an animals lungs is ____
trachea
The amount of fat cover on a market steer is refered to as ___
finish
An animals central nervous system includes the brain and ________
spinal cord
The leg and loin of a lamb are the primarily wholesale meat cuts that come from the ____
hindsaddle
The swine trait having the highest hereditability is ____
the carcass length
Abortion early in the gestation period is a common symptom of _______
brucellosis
A swine disease causing degeneration of the turbinate bones in the snout and twisting of the snout is ____
rhinitis
Administering a medical agent to livestock that requires placement into the skin is a ___ injection
Intradermal
When animals band together in a herd or flock the behavior is known as ______
Gregarios
Morthological defects in livestock are caused by ____
accidents
Enterotoxemia is a _____ disease
nutritional
About ___ pecent of total income from livestock marketing in the US comes from the beef industry?
38%
What is NOT an advantage of raising beef?
Efficent conversion of concentrate feeds into meat
What cattle breed is from Italy?
Chianina
The murray Grey originated in 1905 in which country?
Australia
Shorthorn, Angus, and Maine-Anjou breeds of cattle all have a common classification of being in a group called ___
Bos Taurus
The US is divided into ___ cattle-raising regions
8
Which breed of cattle was in existence before the time of the roman empire?
Chianina
Name the breed of cattle which the US congress apprpriated money in 1927?
Texas Longhorn
Which breed of cattle were called Durhams when they originated around 1600?
Shorthorn
Which state has the highest number of breeding and market sawine?
Iowa
Which breed of white-coloredswine originated in Pennslyvania?
Chester White
The ___ breed of swine can be traced to the early 1700's?
Berkshire
What breed did not originate in England?
Hereford
Most swine purebred associations require several items of information for the registration of individual hogs. What is NOT required?
Weaning wieght
The pietrain breed of swine originated in ___
Belgium
The most common classification of sheep is by ___
Type of wool
Fine wool breeds of sheep do not include what breed?
Corriedale
The majority of medium wool breeds of sheep originated in ___
England
Cotswold sheep are classified as___
Long wool
The state having the highest population of sheep and lambs is ___
Texas
What medium wool breed of sheep of sheep is solid white in color?
Dorset
Sheep are major enterprise in the ____ area of the US
Western
What feed has the highest percent of crude protein (18-19%)?
Alfalfa
The amount of ammoniacal nitrogen in a feed multiplied by 6.25 is the ____ content of a feed
Crude protein
The male bovine of any age that has not been castrated
Bull
Pigs must be ear notched for ____, which is nessicery for good record keeping
Identification
Two factors that have a major influence on profitablity in swine production are ___
Number of pigs weaned per sow; feed efficiency
Swine dysentery is also known as ___
Bloody Scours
The sudden death of a heavily muscled hog is refered to as ____
Porcine stress syndrome
Early abortions during the gestation period can be caused by ____
Brucellosis
A condition caused by lack of sugar in the diet ____
Hypoglycemia
____ is a disease that affects the tissue of the foot on a sheep
Foot Rot
____ are the most serious health problems for sheep
Internal parasites
A lack of what substance in the blood causes milk fever in sheep?
Calcium
Anthrax is a disease caused by bacteria that remain the soil for ____ years or longer
40
The first sign of ______ in cattle may be when one or more animals die suddenly. The disease is caused by bacteria that grow only in the absence of oxygen ___
Blackleg
Pinkeye is a disease in cattle that is carried by ____
Insects
Brisket disease affects the ____ in cattle
Heart
____ occurs when the breakdown pf carbohydrates by enzymes in the rumen is too rapid
Bloat
Subcutaneous injections are given ___
Under the skin
_____ are growths on the skin of cattle caused by a virus
Warts
Nutrients which an animal can synthesize for growth and maintenance are in a category called ___
Non-essential nutrients
The critical stage of production in livestock when giving birth to their offspring is ___
Parturition
The most important wholesale cut of a lamb is ___
Leg
The age of the beef animal and the amount of marbling in the carcass affect the ___ of the carcuss
Quality Grade
Feed that is provided to young lambs as an extra ration and is fed in an area that mature ewes cannot access is called a ___
Creep feed
The gestation time for sheep is ___
148 days
What is a free roaming "wild" animal that was once domesticated called?
Feral
Which animals cannot synthesize all of the required amino acids?
Swine
Vitamins that are not stored in the body and need to be consumed everyday are ___
Water soluble
About ____ pecent income from all livestock marketing in the US comes from the beef industry?
38%
What is not an advantage of raising beef?
Efficent conversion of concentrate feeds into meat
What beef breed is from Italy?
Chianina
The Murray Grey originated in 1905 from what country?
Australia
Shorthorn, Angus and Maine-Anjou breeds of cattle all have what common classification of being in a group called?
Bos Taurus
The US is divided into ___ cattle-raising regions
8
Which breed of cattle was in existence before the time of the roman empire?
Chianina
Name the breed of cattle which the US congress appropriated money in 1927 because they were almost extinct?
Texas Longhorns
Which breed of cattle were called Durhams when they originated around 1600?
Shorthorns
Which state has the highest number of breeding and market swine?
Iowa
Which breed of white colored swine originated in Pennslyvania?
Chester White
The ____ breed of swine can be traced back to early 1700's?
Berkshire
Which breed of swine did not originate in England?
Hereford
Most swine purebred associations require several items of information for the registraion of individual hogs. Whioch information is NOT required?
Weaning Wieght
The pietrain breed of swine originated in ___
Belgium
The most common classification of sheep is by __
Type of wool
Fine wool breeds of sheep include all of the following EXCEPT
Corriedale
The majority of medium wool breeds of sheep originate in ___
England
Cotswold sheep are classified as
Long Wool
The state having the highest population of sheep and lambs is __
Texas
Which of the following medium wool breeds of sheep are solid white in color?
Dorset
Sheep are a major enterprise in the ____ area of the US
Western
Which of the following feeds has the highest percent of crude protein (18-19%)
Alfalfa
The amount of ammonical nitrogen in a feed multiplied by 6.25 is the ___
Crude protein
The male bovine of any age that has not been castrated is ___
Bull
Pigs must be ear notched for ___ , which is nessecery for good record keeping
Identification
Two factors that have major influence on profitablility in swine production are ___
Number of pigs weaned per sow; feed efficency
Swine dysentery is also known as ___
Bloddy scours
The sudden death of heavily muscled hogs is reffered to as ____
Porcine stress syndrome
Early abortions during the gestation period can be caused my ___
Brucellosis
Subcuntaneous injections are given __
Under the skin
Nutrients which an animal can synthesize for growth and maintenance are in a catogory called ___
Non-essential nutrients
The critical stage of production in livestock when giving birth to their offspring is __
Parturtion
The most improtant wholesale cut of a lamb is ___
Leg
The age of the beef animal and the amount of marbling in the carcuss affect the _____ of the carcuss
Quality Grade
Feed that is provided to young lambs as an extra ration and is fed in an area that mature ewes cannot access is called a ___
Creep feed
The gestation time for a sheep is ___
148 days
What is a free-roaming "wild" animal that was once domesticated called?
Feral
Which animals cannot synthesize all of the required amino acids?
swine
Vitamins that are not stored in the body and need to be consumed everyday are ___
Water soluble vitamins