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28 Cards in this Set

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COMPONENTS OF THE FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
1.____
2.____ ____
3.____
4.______
5._____ ______
-___ ____
-____ ____
ovaries
uterine tubes
uterus
vagina
external genitalia
-labia minora
-labia majora
STRUCTURAL SUPPORT
broad ligament: mesentery that _____ the ovaries,uterine tubes, and uterus and _____ these structures to the lateral ____ ____ and _____ vasculature to the uterus and tubes
-surrounds
-attaches
-pelvic wall
-carries
THE OVARIES
-_____ oocytes
-______ two hormones
1._____
2._____
produce
secrete
estrogen
progesteron
THE OVARIES
composed of:
an outer ______ containing the _____
an inner _____ containing ___ ____
cortex: oocytes

medulla: blood vessels
OOGENESIS
oogenesis: ____ _____
oogonia: ___ ___ cells undergo _____ to produce _____ which is completed before _____
oocyte production

oocyte stem cells undergo mitosis to produce oocytes before birth
OOGENESIS(2)
-oocytes undergo _____
-II is completed only if _____ _____
meiosis

fertilization occurs
PRIMORDIAL FOLLICLE
until ____ the ovary contains ony ____ _____
-a ____ _____ epithelium surrounding an _____
puberty, primordial follicles

simple squamous, oocyte
PRIMARY FOLLICLE
at _____ and each ____ thereafter, in response to ____, about 12 ___ ____ mature into ___ ____
puberty
month
FSH
primordial follicles
primary follicles
PRIMARY FOLLICLE(2)
____ cells of a primary follicle _____ and _____ to produce a _____ epithelium and begin to produce _____
epithelial cells enlarge and divide
stratified epithelium to produce estrogen
SECONDARY FOLLICLE
epithelial cells now begin to _____ ____
-it accumulates in many ___ ____ between the cells
secrete fluid

small cavities
TERTIARY FOLLICLE
each ____ only ___ of the 12 maturing follicles matures into a ___ ____
-a ____ ___ cavity of ____ develops called the ____
each month only one matures into a tertiary follicle

a single large cavity of fluid: antrum
TERTIARY FOLLICLE(2)
the the oocyte _____ from the follicle and _____ free in antrum
-this leads to an ____ surge
separates and floats

estrogen surge
OVULATION
the estrogen surge leads to an ____ ____
then leads to the ____ of the _____ from this follicle
LH surge

release of the oocyte
CORPUS LUTEUM
the ______ cells start to produce ______
-prepares ___ ____ for pregnancy
epithelial cells produce progesterone

uterine lining
CORPUS ALBICANS
if fertilization does ___ occur the corpus luteum:
-______ about 12 days after ovulation
-fills with ___ ___
-becomes the ____ ____
NOT
degenerates
scar tissue
corpus albicans
OVARIAN CYCLE
the _____ phase:
-from _____ through ____ follicles
-_____ is primary hormone
-essociated with ____
the ____ phase:
-____ ____ and _____ formation
-______ is primary hormone
-associated with ___
follicular:
-primordial to tertiary
-estrogen
-FSH
luteal:
-corpora luteum and albicans
-progesterone
-LH
UTERINE TUBES
-transport _____ from ____ to ____
-______ occurs in the uterine tube near its entrance to the ____
-transport oocyte from ovary to uterus
-fertilization near uterus
COMPONENTS/FUNCTIONS OF UTERUS
___: largest portion of uterus
___: distal end projecting into vagina (neck)
uterus provides
-______
-______
-____ _____
body
cervix
-protection
-nutrition
-waste removal
THE UTERINE WALL
-_____:outer layer, epithelium and connective tissue
-______: middle, very thick smooth muscle layer
-_____: inner, glandular and vascular layer
-_____ the growing fetus
-____ and ____ cause its glands/blood vessels to develop and grow
perimetrium
myometrium
endometrium
-supports fetus
-estrogen and progesterone
UTERINE CYCLE
repeating series of ____ in the _____
responds to the _____ of the _____ ____
changes in endometrium

hormones of ovarian cycle
UTERINE CYCLE(2)
three phases:
-____ phase
-_____ phase
(both occur during ovarian ____ ____)
-____ phase (occurs during ovarian _____ ___)
menstrual
proliferative
(follicular phase)
secretory
(luteal phase)
MENSES
the _____ of the superficial layer of the ______
results in release of
-_____
-_____
stimulated by
_____ in _______
destruction of endometrium
-blood
-tissues
decrease in progesterone
PROLIFERATIVE PHASE
results in ____ and _____ of the ______
stimulated by ____ secreted by the ____ ____
repair and regeneration of endometrium

estrogen by ovarian follicles
SECRETORY PHASE
begins at _____
results in
-_____ by the ____
-rapid ____ of the ____
stimulated by
-______ secreted by the ovarian ____ ____
ovulation
-secretion by glands
-growth of arteries
-progesterone by corpus luteum
THE VAGINA
-an elastic, muscular ____
-extends from the ____ to the _____
-anterior to the ____
-posterior to the ____
function: ______
-tube
-cervix to bestibule
-rectum
-urethra
passageway
THE CLITORIS
____ ____ (a plexus of veins)
erectile tissue
FEMALE EXTERNAL GENITALIA
-___ ____
-____ ____
vestibule: ____ between the two labia minora
contains ____ and ____ opening
labia majora
labia minora
space for urethral and vaginal opening
MAMMARY GLANDS
composed of ____ which drain their secretory product into _____ ____
-____
-____
lobes
lactiferous ducts
-nipple
-areola