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136 Cards in this Set

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ovaries
pair of almond-shaped organs located in the pelvic cavity. Egg cells are stored in the ovaries.
ovum (pl.ova)
female egg cell
graafian folicles
100,000 microscopic sacs that make up a large portion of the ovaries. Each contains an immature ovum. Usually one develops monthly.
fallopian, or uterine, tubes
pair of 5" tubes, attached to the uterus, that provide a passageway for the ovum to move from the ovary to the uterus
fimbria (pl. fimbriae)
finger-like projection at the free end of the fallopian tube
uterus
pear-sized and pear-shaped muscular organ that lies in the pelvic cavity, except during pregnancy when it enlarges and extends up into the abdominal caivity. Menses, prgnancy, labor
endometrium
inner lining of the uterus
myometrium
muscular middle layer of the uterus
perimetrium
outer thin layer that covers the surface of the uterus
corpus, or body
large central portion of the uterus
fundus
rounded upper portion of the uterus
cervix (Cx)
narrow lower portion of the uterus
vagina
a 3" tube that connects the uterus tothe outside of the body
hymen
fold of membrane found near the opening of the vagina
rectouterine pouch
pouch between the posterior wall of the uterus and the anterior wall of the rectum (also called Douglas cul-de-sac)
Bartholin glands
pair of mucus-producing glands located on each side of the vagina and just above the vaginal opening
mammary glands, or breasts
milk-producing glands of the female. Each breast consists of 15 to 20 divisions, or lobes.
mammary papilla
breast nipple
areola
pigmented area around the breast nipple
vulva, or external genitals
2 pairs of lips (labia major & labia minora) that surround the vagina
clitoris
highly erogenous erectile body located anterior to the urethra
perineum
pelvic floor in both the male and female. In females it usually refers to the area between the vaginal opeing and the anus.
amenorrhea
absence of menstrual discharge (menostasis)
Bartholin adenitis
inflammation of a Bartholin gland
cervicitis
inflammation of the cervix
colpitis, vaginitis
inflammation of the vagina
dysmenorrhea
painful menstrual discharge
endocervicitis
inflammation of the inner (lining) of the cervix
endometritis
inflammation of the inner (lining) of the utuerus (endometrium)
hematosalpinx
blood in the fallopian tube
hydrosalpinx
water in the fallopian tube
hysteratresia
closure of the uterus (uterine cavity)
mastitis
inflammation of the breast
menometrorrhagia
rapid flow of blood from the uterus at menstruation (and between menstrual cycles)
metrorrhea
excessive discharge from the uterus
myometritis
inflammation of the uterine muscle (myometrium)
oophoritis
inflammation of the ovary
perimetritis
inflammation surrounding the uterus (perimetrium)
pyosalpinx
pus in the fallopian tube
salpingitis
inflammation of the fallopian tube
salpingocele
hernia of the fallopian tube
vulvovaginitis
inflammation of the vulva and vagina
adenomyosis
growth of endometrium into the muscular portion of the uterus
breast cancer
malignant tumor of the breast
cervical cancer
malignant tumor of the cervix
endometrial cancer
malignant tumor of the endometrium (also called uterine cancer)
endometriosis
abnormal condition in which endometrial tissue grows in various areas in the pelvic cavity, including ovaries, fallopian tubes, intestines & uterus
fibrocystic breast disease
a disorder characterized by one or more benign cycts in the breast
fibroid tumor
benign fibroid tumor of the uterine muscle (myoma of the uterus or leiomyoma)
ovarian cancer
malignant tumor of the ovary
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
inflammation of the female pelvic organs (very serious)
prolapsed uterus
downward displacement of the uterus in the vagina (hysteroptosis)
toxic shock syndrome (TSS)
a severe illness characterized by high fever, rash, vomiting, diarrhea, and myalgia, followed by hypotension &, in severe cases, shock & death (..tampons)
vesicovaginal fistula
abnormal opening between the bladder and the vagina
cervicectomy
excision of the cervix
colpoperineorraphy
suture of the vagina and perineum (performed to mend perineal vaginal tears)
colpoplasty
surgical repair of the vagina
colporrhaphy
suture of the vagina (wall of the vagina)
episioperineoplasty
surgical repair of the vulva and perineum
episiorrhaphy
suture of (a tear in0 the vulva
salpingocele
hernia of the fallopian tube
vulvovaginitis
inflammation of the vulva and vagina
adenomyosis
growth of endometrium into the muscular portion of the uterus
breast cancer
malignant tumor of the breast
cervical cancer
malignant tumor of the cervix
endometrial cancer
malignant tumor of the endometrium (also called uterine cancer)
endometriosis
abnormal condition in which endometrial tissue grows in various areas in the pelvic cavity, including ovaries, fallopian tubes, intestines & uterus
fibrocystic breast disease
a disorder characterized by one or more benign cycts in the breast
fibroid tumor
benign fibroid tumor of the uterine muscle (myoma of the uterus or leiomyoma)
ovarian cancer
malignant tumor of the ovary
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
inflammation of the female pelvic organs
prolapsed uterus
downward displacement of the uterus in the vagina
toxic shock syndrome (TSS)
a sever illness characterized by high fever, rash, vomiting, diarrhea, & myalgia followed by hypotension and sometimes shock and death (...tampons...)
vesicovaginal fistula
abnormal opening between the bladder and the vagina
cervicectomy
excision of the cervix
colpoperineorrhaphy
suture of the vagina and perineum (performed to mend perineal vaginal tears)
colpoplasty
surgical repair of the vagina
colporrhaphy
suture of the vagina (all of the vagina)
eipisioperineoplasty
surgical repair of the vulva and perineum
episiorrhaphy
suture of (a tear in) the vulva
hymenectomy
excision of the hymen
hymenotomy
incision of the hymen
hysterectomy
excision of the uterus
hysteropexy
surgical fixation of the uterus
hysterosalpingo-oophorectomy
excision of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries
mammoplasty
surgical repair of the breast
mammotome
instrument used to cut breast (tissue)
mastectomy
surgical removal of a breast
oophorectomy
excision of an ovary
perineorrhaphy
suture of (a tear in) the perineum
salpingectomy
excision of a fallopian tube
salpingostomy
creation of an artificial opening in a fallopian tube (perfomed to restore patency)
sallpingo-oophorectomy
excision of the fallopian tube and ovary
trachelectomy
excision of the cervix
trachelorrhaphy
suture of the cervix
vulvectomy
excision of the vulva
anterior and posterior colporrhaphy (A&P Repair)
when a weakened vaginal wall results in a cystocele & a rectocele, an A & P repair corrects the condition
conization
the surgical removal of a cone-shaped area of the cervix
cryosurgery
the destruction of tissue by using extreme cold
dilation and curettage (D&C)
dilation of the cervix and scraping of the endometrium w/an instrument called a curette
endometrial ablation
a procedure to destroy or remove the endometrium by use of laser or thermal energy
laparoscopy or laparoscopic surgery
visual examination of the abdominal cavity, accomplished by inserting a laparoscope thru a tiny incision near the umbilicus
myomectomy
excision of a fibroid tumor from the uterus
sentinel lymph node biopsy
an injection of dye or radioactive isotope to identify the first lymph node in the axillary chain, most likely to contain metastasis of breast cancer, to biopsy
stereotactic breast biopsy
a technique that combines mammography & computer-assisted biopsy to obtain tissue from a breast lesion
tubal ligation
closure of the fallopian tubes for sterilization
hysterosalpingogram
x-ray image of the uterus and fallopian tubes
mammogram
x-ray image of the breast
mammography
x-ray imaging of the breast
sonohysterography
process of recording the uterus by use of sound
colposcope
instrument used for visual examination of the vaina (and cervix)
colposcopy
visual examination (w/a magnified view) of the vagina (and cervix)
culdoscope
instrument used for visual examination of Douglas cul-de-sac
culdoscopy
visual examination of Douglas cul-de-sac
hysteroscope
instrument used for visual examination of the uterus
hysteroscopy
visual examination of the uterus
culdocentesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid from Douglas cul-de-sac
CA-125 (cancer antigen-125 tumor marker)
a blood test used in the detection of ovarian cancer
Pap smear
a cytological study of cervical and vaginal secretions used to determine the presence of abnormal or cancerous cells
transvaginal sonography (TVS)
an ultrasound procedure that uses a transducer placed in the vagina to obtain images of the ovaries, uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes, & surrounding structures
gynecologist
a physician who studies and treats diseases of women
gynecology
study of women (branch of medicine dealing w/diseases of the female reproductive system)
gynopathic
pertaining to disease of women
leukorrhea
white discharge (from the vagina)
mastalgia
pain in the breast
mastoptosis
sagging breast
menarche
beginning of menstruation (occurring between the ages of 11 and 16)
oligomenorrhea
scanty menstrual flow
vaginal
pertaining to the vagina
vulvovaginal
pertaining to the vulva and vagina
dyspareunia
difficult or painful intercourse
estrogen replacement therapy (ERT)
replacement of hormones to treat menopause
fistula
abnormal passageway between two organs or between an internal organ and the body surface
menopause
cessation of menstruation, usually around the ages of 48 to 53 years
premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
a syndrome involving physical and emotional symptoms occurring in the 10 days before menstruation.
speculum
instrument foropening abody cavity to allow visual inspection