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19 Cards in this Set

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4 sections of an oviduct (uterine or fallopian tube)
infundibulum

ampulla

isthmus

intramural
epithelium of the oviduct is composed of (2)
simple ciliated columnar cells

simple secretory columnar cells
secretory cells of the epithelium of the oviduct increase in number and size in response to
estrogen
T/F cells of the lamina propria of the oviduct undergo changes that facilitate implantation when an ectopic pregnancy occurs
True
change in thickness of the muscularis externa from infundibulum to intramural
muscularis becomes thicker as one moves from the infundibulum to the intramural
the serosa of the oviduct is also known as the
broad ligament
layers of the body of the uterus (3)
epimetrium (serosa or broad ligament)

myometrium (muscularis: outer longitudinal, middle circular/oblique, inner longitudinal layer of smooth muscle)

endometrium - site of implantation of a developing embryo
Major divisions of the endometrium (2)
basal layer - firmly attached to the myometrium

functional layer - sloughed off during menses
division of the functional layer of the endometrium (2)
outer spongy layer

inner compact layer
components of the endometrium (4)
epithelial lining of tall ciliated columnar cells

uterine glands (simple tubular glands)

endometrial stroma (lamina propria)

spiral arteries (branches of the uterine artery)
phases of changes of the endometrium (3)
menstrual phase (day 0-4)
-no functional layer (spiral arteries rupture and parenchymal and stoma cells die)

proliferative phase (day 4-14)
-begins as the end of menses
-endometrium thickens in response to estrogen
-mitotic figures are present
-uterine glands lengthen (straight with narrow lumen)

secretory phase (day 14-28)
-begins at ovulation
-secretory cells produce and secrete glycogen in response to progesterone
-uterine glands are highly convoluted and the lumens are widely dilated
-spiral arteries are fully developed
endometriosis is characterized by
presence of endometrial parenchymal and stromal cells outside the uterus (ovaries, outer aspect of uterine wall and tubes, colon, rectouterine pouch, rectus abdominus sheath)

*cyclical bleeding results in formation of adhesions between the body wall and subadjacent organs or between neighboring organs)

*chocolate cysts form when endometrial tissue on the surface of the ovary invades the substance of the tunica albuginea and results in the accumulation of substantial amounts of blood
benign smooth muscle tumors located in the myometrium are known as
fibroids (leiomyomas)
Nabothian cysts form when
ducts of cervical glands become occluded
around the time of and during ovulation cervical mucous becomes
watery (promotes the passage of sperm)
during the luteal phase, cervical mucous becomes
viscous (prevents movement of bacteria)
____ of the cervix is examined (Pap smear) for signs of cervical carcinomsa
external os (stratified squamous epithelium)
vaginal mucousa consists of stratified sqamous epithelium that contains
glycogen
occlusion of the ducts of the greater vestibular glands results in the formation of
Bartolin's cysts